Benchmarking as Key Element of Confidence Building in Safety Assessments for Radioactive Waste Disposal
SCK-CEN (the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre), Mol, Belgium
Verification of the codes applied for assessment of the long-term repository safety is typically one of the quality assurance requirements demanded by regulatory bodies, in the disposal of radioactive waste. In this paper, an internationally organized benchmark exercise is presented, in which the comparison was carried out for a selection of key radionuclides. The examples presented in this ...
R. Coker, J. Knox
NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
Developments intended to improve system efficiency and reliability for water and carbon dioxide separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles combine sub-scale systems testing and multiphysics simulations. This paper describes the development of COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations in support of the Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project within NASA's ...
R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...
S.V. Aher, P. Devillers, G. Fau, B. Tranain, and C. Buisson
Centre des Matériaux de Grande Diffusion, Ecole des Mines d’Alès, Alès cedex, France
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kalyanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment, France
Surface coating can fullfil their function satisfactorily over an extended period of time only if there is a good bond between the concrete substrate and the coating. The most numerous cases of blistering affect the airtight covers of the concrete subjected to negative pressures of humidity from the support. The general objective of this study is the understanding of the blistering phenomenon. ...
Multiphysics Modeling of Engineered Structured Sorbents for the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor from Manned Spacecraft Atmospheres
NASA, Huntsville, AL, USA
In NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration, humans will once again travel beyond the confines of earth’s gravity, this time to remain there for extended periods. Thus all spacecraft systems, including those for the separation of metabolic carbon dioxide and water from a crewed vehicle, must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. This paper describes efforts to improve on ...
Estimating the Ore Volume in AC Smelting Furnaces Using Finite-Element Analysis of Surface Current Density
A. Mohammed, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, L8S4K1, Canada
One of the primary reasons for large power fluctuations in smelting furnaces is loss of contact between the electrode and ore. Therefore one of the important aspects of controlling power fluctuations is a predictive algorithm for the positioning of the electrode. We propose a model-based approach – using a COMSOL Multiphysics coupled thermo-electromagnetic model – that ...