Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of MEA in PEMFC and Interface of Nanometer-Sized Electrodes

Q. Zhang, Y. Liu, and S. Chen
Wuhan University, College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan, China

COMSOL Multiphysics is a very helpful simulation software in our researches on both PEMFC and nanometer-sized electrodes. In the first part of our presentation, the influence of humidity and temperature to the performance of PEMFC are studied by simulating the MEA (membrane electrode assembly) in PEMFC. In the second part, models of different nanometer-sized electrodes, including spherical ...

Modeling and Optimization of a Mg-Metal Hydride Rectangular Tank in the Hydriding Process

E.I. Gkanas[1], S.S. Makridis[1], A.K. Stubos[2], A. Lopez[3], J. Folch[4], G. Noriega[4]
[1]Materials for Energy Applications Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Greece
[2]Environmental Technology Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Greece
[3]Universidad Politécnica De Cataluña, Barcelona, Spain
[4]Cidete INGENIEROS, Barcelona, Spain

Hydrogen storage can be considered as a key factor in the development of hydrogen economy. Hydrogen storage in a magnesium hydride MgH2 is a very promising technique for numerous of reasons. Magnesium is abundant, relatively cheap, life – friendly , weight storage capacity of 7.6% and low price of Mg metal. A simulation work is presented in order to study the absorption kinetics of a Mg – ...

The Friction Coefficient of Fractal Aggregates in the Continuum and the Transition Regimes

A. Melas[1][3], A.G. Konstandopoulos[1], L. Isella[2], Y. Drossinos[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
[2]European Commission, DG Energy, Luxemburg
[3]European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy

Aerosol and colloid aggregates are complex fractal-like structures composed of primary spheres. The drag force exerted on a fractal-like object is usually determined by solving numerically the Stokes equation. In this study we calculate it by relating it to a molecule-aggregate collision rate. We create the fractal aggregates with a cluster-cluster aggregation algorithm using the software ...

Fresh Produce Safety During Hydrocooling: An Engineering Model - new

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Hydrocooling is the process by which warm produce is chilled with water. The chilling of warm produce generates a negative pressure differential between the produce (warm) and (cold) water due to the condensation of water vapor inside the produce which forms a vacuum and can pull in contaminated water through an opening. A porous media based model of water infiltration was developed using a ...

Optimization of the Herringbone Type Micromixer Using Numerical Modelling and Validation by Measurements - new

E. Tóth[1], K. Iván[1], P. Fürjes[2]
[1]Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary
[2]Research Centre for Natural Sciences Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used in this study to simulate mixing by diffusion and by secondary flow. Particle tracing model was applied to simulate the mixing of cells in the microchannel. Results agreed well with the measurement, an optimal herring-bone structure was proposed for integration into a bioanalytical system.

Analyzing a Malfunctioning Clarifier with COMSOL’s Mixture Model

A. de Niet, A. van Nieuwenhuijzen, and A. Geilvoet
Witteveen+Bos, Deventer, The Netherlands

Clarifiers are used to separate sludge and water in waste water treatment plants. In this paper we analyze a malfunctioning clarifier using the mixture model. We are able to receive model results that are reasonably close to measurements from the real clarifier. With the model we can explain the bad separation of water and sludge in the clarifier. Engineers have proposed several actions in order ...

Modeling Of A Strongly Coupled Thermal, Hydraulic And Chemical Problem: Drying And Low-Temperature Pyrolysis Of Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA)-Wood Waste Particles In A Moving Bed Reactor

J. Govaerts[1], and L. Helsen[2]
[1]SCK-CEN, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Performance Assessment Unit, Mol, Belgium
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Division of Applied Mechanics and Energy Conversion, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium

Low temperature thermal carbonisation might be the ultimate solution to the growing disposal problem of CopperChromeArsenic-treated waste wood. This energy and material recuperating technology is currently in the process of upscaling to an industrial level. In the present study, a numerical model is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics that allows to investigate the temperature profiles, gas ...

Modeling Bioclogging Effects in Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment - new

R. Samso[1], N. Forquet[2], P. Molle[2], J. Garcia[1]
[1]Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
[2]IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France

Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...

Multiscale Simulation of a Photocatalytic Reactor for Water Treatment - new

A. Cockx[1], R. Degrave[1], P. Schmitz[1]
[1]University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France

This study deals with the 3D modeling of a light photocatalytic textile. This process aims to decontaminate industrial effluents such as water with pesticides. The present study describes the implementation of a reactive transport model in a computational fluid dynamics model developed on a Representative Volume Element (RVE) of the textile, i.e. at the microscopic scale. The final ...

Numerical Modeling of Solvent Enhanced Water Flooding

M. Chahardowli [1], R. Farajzadeh [2], H. Bruining [1],
[1] Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[2] Shell Global International Solutions, Den Haag, The Netherlands

Mutually soluble-solvents can improve the ultimate recovery in conventional reservoirs. Initially, the solvent moves with the imbibing aqueous phase into the reservoir. However, upon contact with oil, diffusion occurs and the solvent is transported in the oleic phase. Through the migration of the mutually soluble component from the aqueous phase into the oleic phase, oil properties and/or rock ...