V. Nicolas, C. Doursat, D. Grenier, T. Lucas, D. Flick
Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture, Rennes, France
AgroParisTech, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, Massy, France
Bread is a food product which various complex physico-chemical phenomena occur during the cooking process. Thus, phenomena of heat and mass transfer are coupled to the deformation. In addition, bread is a multiphase product (solid, liquid and vapor) and composed of various components (dry matter, water, air and carbon dioxide). A 2D model is developed with COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.3b witch ...
S. Birla ,
 ConAgra Foods, Omaha, NE, USA
Scraped surface heat exchangers (SSHEs) are commonly used in the food, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries for heat transfer, crystallization, and other continuous processes. One of the factor posing difficulties to heat transfer is viscosity. Highly viscous fluids tend to generate deep laminar flow, a condition with very poor heat transfer rates and high pressure losses involving a ...
O. Rouaud, T. Pham
LUNAM Université, ONIRIS, CNRS, GEPEA, UMR, Nantes, France
University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
A mathematical model is developed to determine the weight loss and the freezing rate during the freezing of unwrapped foodstuffs. The model allows comparing two freezing processes; the first uses nitrogen gas at -80°C and the second uses cold air. The model includes thermophysical properties that are temperature dependent to take into account the ice formation. The time step has to be chosen ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta
Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...
Experimental and Numerical Study of Microbial Improved Oil Recovery in a Pore Scale Model by using COMSOL
M. Shabani Afrapoli, L. Shidong, S. Alipour , and O. Torsaeter
Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics
A number of visualization experiments are carried out at the laboratory temperature with oil, brine and bacteria suspension for evaluating the performance of MIOR in a glass micromodel. The observations show the effects of bacteria on remaining oil saturation. The interfacial tension reduction, wettability alteration and flow pattern changes are recognized as active mechanisms. COMSOL ...
B. Chinè, M. Monno, E. Repossi, M. Verani
Laboratorio MUSP Piacenza, Italy; ITCR, Esc. Ciencia e Ing. Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
Laboratorio MUSP, Piacenza, Italy; Politecnico di Milano, Dip. Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Politecnico di Milano, MOX-Dip. Matematica, Milano, Italy
The foaming process of a metal is a complex operation which needs to be closely controlled in order to guarantee the wanted properties, by avoiding the formation of defects in the structure of the material. In this work we use COMSOL Multiphysics® version 4.3b and apply the diffuse interface methods of the phase field technique available in the CFD module.To analyze a practical case, foams ...
O. Silva, M. Pekala, D. Garcia, J. Molinero, A. Nardi, M. Grive, B. Cochepin
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Dechéts Radioactifs, Châtenay-Malabry Cedex, France
The French National Waste Management Agency (Andra) envisages the safe disposal of High-Level Waste Intermediate-Level Long-Lived Waste through deep geological storage (multibarrier). Waste storage is based on the Callovo-Oxfordian formation (CallOx). It has been updated a reactive transport model accounting for the chemical and thermal evolution of a HLW cell. Improvements are a better ...
B. Chinè, F. Concha, M. Meneses G.
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Department of Metallurgical Engineering, University of Concepcion, Concepcion, Chile
School of Production Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Hydrocyclones are industrial devices used as processing units in fluid and particle technology. A hydrocyclone is an apparatus consisting of a cylindrical or a cylindrical-conical body with a tangential or involute entrance to admit the fluid inside. There are also two opposite exits, the top exit which is the vortex finder and the bottom exit called apex. Fig. 1 shows the schematic of a widely ...
S. Yushanov, J. Crompton, and K. Koppenhoefer
ACES of Columbus, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Improved performance of aeroengines requires the development of new manufacturing technologies for ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). This has been simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. Specialized simulation technologies have been developed to describe the infiltration of molten material into a ceramic perform. The physical phenomena considered in the analysis includes: unsaturated flow, ...
A. Melas, A.G. Konstandopoulos, L. Isella, Y. Drossinos
Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
European Commission, DG Energy, Luxemburg
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
Aerosol and colloid aggregates are complex fractal-like structures composed of primary spheres. The drag force exerted on a fractal-like object is usually determined by solving numerically the Stokes equation. In this study we calculate it by relating it to a molecule-aggregate collision rate. We create the fractal aggregates with a cluster-cluster aggregation algorithm using the software ...