C. Hurt, P. Angelo, R. Pevey
Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Y-12 National Security Complex, Safety Analysis Engineering, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Simulation of criticality accident transients offers the ability to confirm understanding of critical configurations, bound accident scenarios and aid comprehensive emergency planning. Computational ability to recreate excursion power histories in fissile solution is sought due to the predominance of solutions in process criticality accidents. Applicable solution transient physics methodologies ...
D. Sampietro , E. Abarca , H. von Schenck , J. Molinero 
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
 Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden
Radioactive waste repositories include barriers that work to contain the waste, thereby protecting human health and the environment. In deep geological disposal systems, barriers include the natural geological barrier and the engineered barrier system (EBS). The ability of the EBS to limit groundwater flow is important and optimized design solutions are often sought by means of numerical ...
A Multiphase Porous Medium Transport Model with Distributed Sublimation Front to Simulate Vacuum Freeze Drying
A. Warning, J. M. R. Arquiza, A. K. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
A continuum, porous medium formulation with non-equilibrium sublimation was developed and validated for freeze drying without and with uniform microwave volumetric heating. The model incorporates the effect of Knudsen flow at low pressure and low permeability freeze drying. The distributed, non-equilibrium sublimation demonstrated that the sublimation front is a sharp boundary for high ice ...
S. Mahajani, S. Srikantiah, G. Samdani, A. Ganesh, P. Aghalayam
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
UCG is a process which converts coal to syn gas at the underground coal seam itself. UCG can help meeting the rising energy demand by utilizing coal resources that otherwise would be too deep, or of poor quality, or simply not economical to mine. As UCG takes place, a cavity is formed underground in the coal seam which grows three-dimensionally. The objective of this work is to develop a two ...
J. Petit , V. Tabouret , B. Viana ,
 ONERA, Chatillon, France
 IRCP/CNRS, Paris, France
During the last decades, mid-IR (3-12µm) laser sources have attracted attention due to their potential applications in different fields like infrared counter-measures (e.g: missile jamming) and remote chemical sensing. In this context, Onera has been working on the development of non-oxid materials and still is developing new crystals that allow to reach higher power and to extend the ...
M. Nickaeen , I. L. Novak , A. Mogilner , B. M. Slepchenko ,
 Richard D. Berlin Center for Cell Analysis and Modeling, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, USA
 Courant Institute and Department of Biology, New York University, New York, NY, USA
A recently published conservative algorithm for simulating reactions and transport in moving domains have been extended to models in which cell kinematics are coupled with intracellular dynamics. For this, the method that combines a Eulerian approach with tracking an explicit boundary was linked to FronTier, a robust front-tracking technique. The extended algorithm was validated using a set of ...
A. A. Forbis-Stokes , M. A. Deshusses ,
 Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact on number of baffles placed in horizontal- or vertical-alignment of an anaerobic baffled reactor (HABR and ABR, respectively). Computational fluid dynamics was used to evaluate hydraulic performance of each and determine what number of compartments should be used to optimize reactor volume while adding minimal complexity. The findings ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta, A. Dhall, and D. Mitrea
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
A multiphase porous media model involving heat and mass transfer within a potato chip was implemented in COMSOL 3.5a. The diffusive flux in oil and liquid water was modeled from capillary driven flow while the gas phase was modeled using binary diffusion. A non-equilibrium water evaporation rate was used and Darcy's law for the momentum equation to solve for the convection of each species. ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...
C. Wang , J. Zhang ,
 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
This study creates a 2D fluid-structure interaction (FSI) model to study the effect of magnetic field and particle aspect ratio on the period of rotation and symmetry of ellipsoidal paramagnetic particles. The results show that the magnetic field strength has a significant effect on the period and asymmetry of rotation of particle, and the direction of magnetic field modifies both the period and ...