Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification
P. Sadooghi, R. Rauch
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...
R. Samso, N. Forquet, P. Molle, J. Garcia
Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France
Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...
T. J. Kazdal , M. J. Hampe ,
 Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
A micro steam methane reformer is a complex product consisting of multiple units. For the virtual functional product development it is necessary to validate these sub models separately. Therefore a reactor was designed to analyse kinetics of chemical reactions. The reactor design is based on a simulation geometry and the boundary conditions of the simulation were recreated in the experimental ...
Numerical Simulation of Kinetic Interface Sensitive Tracer in Experiment with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software
F. Sun , A. Tatomir , F. Maier , M. Sauter 
 University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
 Comsol Multiphysics GmbH, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
The kinetic interface-sensitive tracers (KIS tracers) are used to give a partial picture of the spreading, mixing and plume migration of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) in the deep saline aquifer by estimating the interfacial areas between scCO2 and brine during the injection of scCO2. To get a better understanding of the KIS tracer reaction and transport processes in the two-phase flow ...
A Multiphase Porous Medium Transport Model with Distributed Sublimation Front to Simulate Vacuum Freeze Drying
A. Warning, J. M. R. Arquiza, A. K. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
A continuum, porous medium formulation with non-equilibrium sublimation was developed and validated for freeze drying without and with uniform microwave volumetric heating. The model incorporates the effect of Knudsen flow at low pressure and low permeability freeze drying. The distributed, non-equilibrium sublimation demonstrated that the sublimation front is a sharp boundary for high ice ...
K. O. Lund , S. M. Lord ,
 Kurt Lund Consulting (COMSOL Certified Consultant), Del Mar, CA, USA
 SML Associates, Encinitas, CA, USA
A frequently occurring geometry for heat exchangers is that of a long tube wound into a helix or spiral around a core volume. There is to be heat exchange between the tube and the gases (or solids) in the core. However, the length scales of these two parts of the geometry are very different, thus complicating the interface between the tube and the core processes. Usually, the tube is too ...
韩建宁 , 罗世通 ,
基于声学透镜的声学聚焦技术已经在医学检测及医学治疗中有着广泛应用，特别是在 HIFU 技术中有着重要的地位。虽然近几年声学聚焦技术已经有着很多的成果，但是由于“衍射极限”的问题，聚焦区域有一定的限制。声学超材料技术是当前物理领域的热点，该技术的相关成果和优势已经渗透到多个学科的研究中。本文为了更好地抓住学科交叉的技术优势，发挥声学超材料在声学聚焦技术中的优势，使用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 进行了水下聚焦超声技术研究，得到了较好的实验效果。这些研究对推动我国的声学透镜技术研究有较大的帮助，对基于 COMSOL 的有限元分析声学透镜技术有较大的借鉴。
C. Wang , J. Zhang ,
 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
This study creates a 2D fluid-structure interaction (FSI) model to study the effect of magnetic field and particle aspect ratio on the period of rotation and symmetry of ellipsoidal paramagnetic particles. The results show that the magnetic field strength has a significant effect on the period and asymmetry of rotation of particle, and the direction of magnetic field modifies both the period and ...
Analysis of Mixing Chambers for the Processing of Two-Component Adhesives for Transport Applications
P. Steinert , R. Paul , I. Schaarschmidt , M. Zinecker , M. Hackert-Oschätzchen , Th. Muschalek , J. Esslinger , A. Schubert 
 Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
 Rublic+Canzler GmbH, Dresden, Germany
Two-component adhesives are commonly used for sealing and joining in transport applications for mechanically highly stressed connections. At the Chemnitz University of Technology an innovative system technology for the user-friendly, wireless and energy-efficient processing of two-component adhesives with electrical drive is developed. In this context, the simulation-based layout of main ...
J. Orjuela, and A. González
Dept. de Ingeniería Química Facultad de Ingeniería
Universidad de los Andes
A bidimensional and pseudo homogenous model was proposed for the study of mass transfer in the bioadsorption process of chromium VI in the S-layer of immobilized Bacillus sphaericus in a packed column. The implementation of such a model in COMSOL Multiphysics will be explained in detail and the final results presented. These include chromium concentration profiles along the column and its ...