Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems
K. Strehlow, J. Gottsmann, A. Rust
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...
D. Cardoen[1,2], B. B. Sales, J. Helsen, A. Verliefde
VITO, Mol, Belgium
Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Capacitive deionization (CDI) is a desalination technology which is based on the storage of ions in the electrical double layer of a pair of oppositely polarized porous carbon electrodes, which are usually assembled using activated carbon particles (Figure 1). It is efficiently deployed for desalinating water with moderate salt content (eg in domestic water softening). To broaden its ...
C. Karl, C. Slater, M. Strangwood, K. Tank, S. O'Connor
University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
Strip Tinning Ltd, Birmingham, UK
Solders are typically used to join similar or dissimilar metals, referred to as substrates. In some cases solders are also used to join completely different classes of materials. For example, a joint between copper busbar and silicon solar cell represents a set of dissimilar substrates. In the formation of a solder-substrate couple, the system must have been subjected to at least a single ...
E. Robalinho, E. F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
This computational implementation presents a new strategy of coupling two 3D models to satisfy the requirements of the comprehensive model of a unitary Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell, including its internal geometries and constitutive materials, as well as distinct physical and chemical processes. Those different simultaneous processes required computational effort and the solution was the ...
E. Robalinho, E. Cekinski
IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Instituto Mauá de Tecnologia IMT, São Paulo, Brazil; IPT-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
This paper presents the results of modeling of a microreactor with three inputs geometry (or crow's-feet), in relation to distributions of velocities and concentrations. The objective of this work is the study of this kind of geometry with relation to fluid dynamics behavior, improving the knowledge of microfluidics and microreactors projects. These numerical responses allow conclusions about the ...
Using Computational Fluid-Dynamics (CFD) for the Evaluation of Tomato Puree Pasteurization: Effect of Orientation of Bottle
A. R. Lespinard[1, 2], R. H. Mascheroni[1, 2]
Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos (CIDCA), La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Determination of the temperature in liquid foods may be derived by measurements or by modeling. However, the placement of thermocouple probes to record temperature in the container disturbs the flow patterns. For this purpose, Computational fluid-dynamics (CFD) offers a powerful tool for predictions of the transient temperature and velocity profiles during natural convection heating of liquid ...
Computational Study on Transition of Oil-Water Flow Morphology due to Sudden Contraction in Microfluidic Channel - new
J. Chaudhuri, S. Timung, T. K. Mandal, D. Bandyopadhyay
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India
The flow morphology of two immiscible fluids in a microfluidic device finds numerous applications such as emulsification, synthesis of nanomaterials , lab-on-a-chip devices and biological analysis . It offers many advantages over the conventional macroscopic devices because of its availability for higher surface to volume ratio, ability to handle small volume of fluids, easier process ...
Modeling and Simulation of High Sensitivity CMOS Pressure Sensor Using Free Boundary Circular Diaphragm Embedded on Ring Channel Shaped MOSFET - new
S. Joy, T. Tom
Rajagiri School of Engineering and Technology, Kochi, Kerala, India
Sensors have diverse applications ranging from the medical field to space exploration. They convert physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, humidity etc. into an electrical output. The discovery of piezoresistivity property of silicon and germanium led to miniaturization of pressure sensors. Improvement in the sensitivity is the major factor to be considered while designing pressure ...
S. Kumar, and S. Panigrahi
 Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
The novel concept of distributing the food super chilled (partially frozen) in order to prolong the shelf life has been suggested in the project. The temperature of the distribution chain is envisaged to be +5C. The suggested application has the following advantages: 1) Partial thawing of the product in the distribution chain makes it easier to handle. 2) The unhealthy and labour-demanding ...
N. C. Murmu, and D. K. Bhakta
 Tribology Division, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, M. G. Avenue, Durgapur, West Bengal, India
Gas lubricated bearing has been developed for high accuracy in precision machines and equipments. Gas lubricated bearings are mainly two types: aerostatic bearings, which require a feed of pressurized gas for their operation, and aerodynamic bearings, which generate their own internal pressure differentials. The latter generate this pressure by the action of simultaneously shearing and squeezing ...