Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Wave Energy Converter through Piezoelectric Polymers

A. S. Zurkinden1, F. Campanile1, and L. Martinelli2
1Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zürich, Switzerland
2Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

This note addresses the concept of wave energy conversion by means of a piezoelectric material. The ocean surface waves represent an important source of energy. A multiphysics simulation is used to focus on different aspects, namely the free surface wave, the fluid-structure interaction, the mechanical energy input to the piezoelectric material and the electric power output, using an equivalent ...

Geothermal Water in Oil Reservoirs: A new 2D Model solved with COMSOL

M. C. Suarez-Arriaga1, F. Samaniego2, and J. Bundschuh3
1Faculty of Sciences, Michoacan University, Morelia, Mich., Mexico
2Faculty of Engineering, National University of Mexico, Morelia, Mich., Mexico
3Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE), Morelia, Mich., Mexico

We developed a new numerical model able to predict the critical oil rate for which oil-producing wells can be invaded by geothermal brine. The model is a single nonlinear partial differential equation (PDE) which depends only on water saturation. This PDE is a 3D-generalization of the classical 1D-Buckley-Leverett model. To solve this model, we used Lagrange-quadratic finite elements into the ...

Compensating Spatial Variability of Quantity Index in 2D Electrical Impedance Tomography: COMSOL Multiphysics Study

S. Oh, and R. Sadleir
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA

In Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT), an array of surface electrodes is used to inject current and measure the resulting voltages to non-invasively obtain conductivity distributions of objects. The system can be easily implemented as a device that monitors hemorrhage, respiration, gastric emptying or brain activities.The Quantity Index (QI), an integral measure of reconstructed images, can be ...

Analysis of a Spatial Filtering Design for Capacitive Flow Measurements

D. Hrach, A. Fuchs, and H. Zangl
Institute of Electrical Measurement and Measurement Signal Processing, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria

In this paper, a simulation of a capacitive flowmeter utilizing a spatial filtering technique is presented. The flowmeter consists basically of ring shaped electrodes placed sequentially in the flow direction on the outside of a pipe. The paper introduces an electrode layout and describes the modeling of the electrodes to achieve the required simulation accuracy.We show the functionality of the ...

Nonlinear Ferrohydrodynamics of Magnetic Fluids

Markus Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Markus Zahn received all his education at MIT, was a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Florida, Gainesville from 1970-1980, and then joined the MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science faculty in 1980. He works in the Laboratory for Eelectromagnetic and Eelectronic Systems, in the MIT High Voltage Research Laboratory, is the Director ...

Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Modelling of the Bentonite Barriers in Final Disposal of High Level Nuclear Waste

M. Olin, M. Tanhua-Tyrkkö, V. Pulkkanen, A. Itälä, K. Rasilainen, A. Seppälä, and M. Liukkonen
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Nuclear Energy, Finland

The bentonite barrier is an essential part of safe nuclear waste repository in granite bedrock. In this work COMSOL Multiphysics® is applied to modeling Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) processes taking place in a bentonite buffer. The system is studied in different geometries, which consists of an overall 3D layout and a 2D cross-section of bentonite buffer and open fracture. ...

A Multiphysics Approach to Fundamental Conjugate Drying by Forced Convection

M. de Bonis, and G. Ruocco
DITEC, Universitµa degli studi della Basilicata, Campus Macchia Romana, Potenza, Italy

Heat and mass transfer involved in drying is studied by using COMSOL 3.4. The effect of air temperature on the performance of the drying process applied to fresh food slices is scrutinized. COMSOL’s flexible formulation is exploited by using special drying kinetics for the substrate, and by including a treatment of the dependence of the properties upon the residual moisture content. The model ...

COMSOL Multiphysics Modeling of a 20-W Microwave Electrothermal Thruster

E. Gao, and S. Bilen
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

The Microwave Electrothermal Thruster (MET) is a space electric propulsion device that uses an electromagnetic resonant cavity within which a free-floating plasma is ignited and sustained, heating a propellant gas that is that exhausted out of a gas-dynamic nozzle. For an empty cavity it is fairly straightforward to accurately calculate the cavity’s resonant frequency and describe the ...

Flow and Mixing in the Liquid between Bubbles

B. Finlayson[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA

Mixing is characterized in liquids moving between bubbles when the bubbles are moving down a microfluidic channel. The shape is assumed based on fluid mechanical arguments and experimental observations, and the mixing is characterized for a variety of situations in two and three-dimensions. In COMSOL Multiphysics, an integration coupling variable was used by solving the problem in two dimensions ...

Quasi-TEM Analysis of Multiconductor Transmission Lines Embedded in Layered Dielectric Region

S.M. Musa[1], and M.N.O. Sadiku[1]
[1]Prairie View A&M University Networking Academy, Prairie View, Texas, USA

This paper presents the quasi-TEM two-dimensional (2D) approach for the analysis of multiconductor transmission lines interconnect in single and two-layered dielectric region using the finite element method (FEM). FEM is especially suitable and effective for the computation of electromagnetic fields in strongly inhomogeneous media. We illustrate that FEM is as suitable and effective as other ...

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