S. di Luise, A. Rubbia
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland and CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva, Switzerland
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
A neutrino oscillation experiment aims to the observation of the transformation of a neutrino of a given flavour into a neutrino of a different flavour. A beam of neutrinos is produced through the decay of charged pions which in turn are produced in the collision of high energy accelerated protons impinging on a thick target. A series of magnetic horns is used to focus charged particles produced ...
Hiroyuki ISHIMORI et al.
Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan
This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...
S. Landa, A. Bardenstein
Danish Technological Institute, Taastrup, Denmark
Upon operation, the magnetron of a conventional microwave oven induces a pattern of standing electromagnetic waves in the oven cavity. Interactions with the field define the amount of energy absorbed in a part of a food object within the cavity. The well-known inhomogeneous heating produced in a microwave oven is partially an effect of the standing waves’ natural nodes and antinodes and ...
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this report I study the airflow through ventilation ducts. By numerical simulation, the so-called k-factor has been estimated. The k-factor is the quotient of the airflow volume and the square root of the pressure drop over the duct. A two dimensional axial symmetric model has been used to simulate an iris damper connected to a straight pipe. A three dimensional model has been used to ...
M. Csete, A. Szalai, E. Csapó, A. Somogyi, I. Dékány
Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
MTA-SZTE Supramolecular and Nanostructured Materials Research Group, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Novel class of artificial optical antennas are of great interest in biosensing applications of nanoplasmonics due to their unique and tunable spectral properties. Silver colloid spheres covered with L-cysteine were studied experimentally by spectroscopy and TEM and numerically by a COMSOL Multiphysics® simulation. Experimental studies revealed that the Ag NP-Cys core-shell conjugates prefer to ...
Inverse Method for Calculating the Temperature-Dependent Thermal Conductivity of Nuclear Materials - new
T. Pavlov[1,2], P. Van Uffelen, L. Vlahovic, D. Staicu, M. Wenman, R. W. Grimes, ,
Institute for Transuranium Elements, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
Department of Materials, Imperial College London, London, UK
The high temperature measurement of thermal conductivity is vital for predicting nuclear fuel performance both during reactor operation and accident conditions. The proposed method uses experimental thermograms obtained via high temperature laser-flash heating of a disc-shaped sample in combination with finite element analysis and parameter optimization to calculate the thermal conductivity ...
S. Titarenko, A. McCaig
School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
The Atlantis massif is a domal submarine seamount close to the mid-Atlantic Ridge at 30 °N. Close to the crest of the Massif, the Lost City hydrothermal field (LCHF) has been active for at least 120,000 years, venting fluids with a temperature of 40-90 °C. 5 km north of Lost City, a temperature profile has been measured in IODP Hole 1309D, with a near-conductive thermal gradient of ~100 °C/km ...
刘佳琪 , 朴胜春 , 唐骏 
海洋覆盖了地球表面百分之七十以上的面积，其中蕴藏着丰富的生物矿产资源，日益受到世界各国的重视。声波作为海水中传输信号的唯一载体，在浅海波导中的传播受海底和海面影响很大，当声波在浅海波导中发生折射反射和散射时，如何预报复杂海底边界条件下浅海中的传播特性对海洋开发有重要意义。针对含有声速剖面的沉积层海底、楔形海底及实际弹性海底，利用有限元理论，对二维浅海声场的传播损失进行数值模拟。应用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 软件的声压接口和声结构耦合接口，把地形数据导入软件模拟真实海底的地形。把浅海波导简化成分层矩形，信号源以点声源的形式向外发射单频信号，在模型定义处添加完美匹配层模拟无限远距离处声压场情况；对于含有声速剖面情况的波导问题，在 COMSOL 中可以较为便捷地以添加内插函数的形式进行仿真，与其他声场建模软件形成对比，突显有限理论元理论计算浅海传播损失的优势 ...
刘小璐 , 汪滢莹 , 田翠萍 ,
 北京工业大学， 北京，中国
空芯光子晶体光纤（HC-PCFs）具有不同于传统光纤的带隙导光机制，在光通信系统、高功率激光器、工业制造和生物医疗等许多领域有广阔的应用前景。随着光纤拉制技术的不断进步，不同纤芯结构的 HC-PCFs 出现并带来了更好的光传输特性（图1）。通过设计新的纤芯形状，并运用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 中的 RF 模块进行仿真，可以研究各种纤芯 HC-PCFs 的模式（图2）、泄漏损耗（图3）和波导色散（图4）等特性。结果表明：设计的内凹圆化形纤芯 HC-PCFs 比传统的正十二边形纤芯 HC-PCFs 有更低的泄漏损耗和波导色散，而设计的内凹直线形纤芯 HC-PCFs 有很低的泄漏损耗和大的波导色散。新设计的纤芯结构未来可用于大容量光通信 ...
G. Petrone, L. Cammarata, and G. Cammarata
Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) are issues of very high interest, determining comfortable conditions for occupants and no-contaminated local atmosphere. The aircraft cabins are more confined and have a higher occupant density than other indoor environments such as offices or residential houses. The passengers and the crew share a closed and ventilated cabin, which brings potential risk ...