A Multiphase Porous Medium Transport Model with Distributed Sublimation Front to Simulate Vacuum Freeze Drying
A. Warning, J. M. R. Arquiza, A. K. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
A continuum, porous medium formulation with non-equilibrium sublimation was developed and validated for freeze drying without and with uniform microwave volumetric heating. The model incorporates the effect of Knudsen flow at low pressure and low permeability freeze drying. The distributed, non-equilibrium sublimation demonstrated that the sublimation front is a sharp boundary for high ice ...
Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...
J. Crompton, S. Yushanov, L.T. Gritter, K.C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
The resonance conditions for surface plasmons are influenced by the type and amount of material on a surface. Full insight into surface plasmon resonance requires quantum mechanics considerations. However, it can be also described in terms of classical electromagnetic theory by considering electromagnetic wave reflection, transmission, and absorption for the multi-layer medium. The two commonly ...
H. Kwon, and E. Akyiano
Dept. of Engineering and Computer Science
Berrien Springs, MI
In this paper, the cyclic voltammetry behavior of Ferrocyanide/Ferricyanide, which is commonly used for electrochemical DNA detection experiment, was studied in the commercial EQCM-D setup (Q-sense) using the COMSOL Multiphysics. The model was established in a 3D geometry of QCM liquid cell. The simulation shows depletion of concentration of ferrocyanice following applied electrode potential. ...
TVS Motor Company Ltd., Hosur, Tamil Nadu, India
The proposed State of Charge (SOC) governed fast charging method for secondary lithium based batteries charges a battery many times faster than the normal Constant Current-Constant Voltage (CC-CV) charging and reduces the side-effects generally accompanied by various fast charging methods. The proposed charging algorithm takes into account the varying internal impedance of the battery at ...
L. R. de Souza Jr., L. Lorenz
Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
In the core of Chemical Engineering is the reactor design that includes most of all scientific disciplines. The reactors, in general, are treated ideally. Unfortunately, it is observed in the real world a very different behavior from that expected. Thus, to characterize nonideal reactors is used, among others, residence time distribution function E(t). The aim of this present work is to ...
L. Sujatha, B. Preethi
Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India
MEMS gyroscope technology provides cost- effective method for improving directional estimation and overall accuracy in the navigation systems. This paper presents a tuning- fork gyroscope (TFG)  with a perforated proof mass. The perforated proof mass used in the design enables the reduction of the damping effect. This MEMS based gyroscope was designed using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a. This ...
Comparing Isotropic and Anisotropic Brain Conductivity Modeling: Planning Optimal Depth-Electrode Placement in White Matter for Direct Stimulation Therapy in an Epileptic Circuit
L. C. Zaragoza, B. Hondorp, M. A. Rossi
ITESM, Monterrey, Mexico
Rush Medical College, Chicago, IL, USA
Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
The goal of our work was to calculate a patient-specific brain conductivity map for predicting the extent to which direct stimulation therapy can strategically propagate through pathological white matter. Our laboratory developed isotropic and anisotropic human brain finite element method (FEM) models derived from SPGR magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), ...
V. Bhatt, R.S Rautela, P. Sharma, D.C. Tiwari, and S. Khushu
Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (DRDO), Delhi, India
The Helmholtz Coil generates a uniform magnetic field. The commercially available large-size Helmholtz coils prove to be very expensive. This paper describes the economical method of designing and construction of a Helmholtz coil. COMSOL Multiphysics AC/DC Module simulated results and actual results were compared in this study. The coil serves as a component in the system for Hyperpolarisation of ...
Numerical Study of Navier-Stokes Equations in Supersonic Flow over a Double Wedge Airfoil using Adaptive Grids
V. Gopal, R. Kolluru
BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Numerical study of aerodynamic characteristics in steady laminar supersonic flow over a double wedge airfoil is carried out using commercially available finite element based CFD tool COMSOL Multiphysics. The aerodynamic characteristics of double wedge airfoil like lift and drag are analyzed by solving Navier-Stokes equations in the flow field for various thickness to chord ratios (t_c) and angle ...