A. Jeremic, T. Farncombe, S. Liu, and Y. Abdul-Rehman
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a nuclear medicine imaging technique that uses gamma rays. It has been especially useful for bone scans, cardiac perfusion imaging, tumor scans and brain imaging. The main advantage of SPECT imaging is that it can target particular tissue receptors allowing one to focus on the imaging of the diseased tissue. In most cases Monte Carlo ...
E. R. Blatchley, and B.Z. Sun
Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...
High Coupling Factor Piezoelectric Materials for Bending Actuators: Analytical and Finite Elements Modeling Results
I.A. Ivan, M. Rakotondrabe, and N. Chaillet
FEMTO-ST Institute, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France
New giant piezoelectric factor materials such as PMN-PT and PZN-PT were researched during the last decade and are actually becoming commercially available. As they seem very attractive for actuator designs, we studied their potential in replacing PZT ceramics. In a first comparative approach, we tested a series of classic rectangular composite bimorph structures of different combinations of ...
A.W.M. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Chaotic systems may lead to instability, extreme sensitivity and performance reduction. Therefore it is unwanted in many cases. Due to these undesirable characteristics of chaos in practical systems, it is important to recognize such a chaotic behavior. The existence of chaos has been discovered in several areas during the last 30 years. However, there is a lack of studies in relation with ...
A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, and M. Willatzen
Mads Clausen Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg, Denmark
Institute of Sensors, Signals and Electrotechnics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
The use of plasmonic effects to dramatically enhance the electromagnetic field near the surface of a metallic nanostructured surface has grown into a large research area in the effort to take advantage of the surface enhanced field. In this paper the electromagnetic field near a nano-sized truncated spherical cavity embedded in a gold substrate is investigated and modeled in 3D with COMSOL ...
G. Demésy, F. Zolla, A. Nicolet, and M. Commandré
Institut Fresnel, Université Aix-Marseille III, École Centrale de Marseille, France
We demonstrate the accuracy of the Finite Element Method (FEM) to characterize an arbitrarily shaped crossed-grating in a multilayered stack illuminated by an arbitrarily polarized plane wave under oblique incidence. To our knowledge, this is the first time that 3D diffraction efficiencies are calculated using the FEM. The method has been validated using classical cases found in the literature. ...
B. Niu, W. Yan, A.A. Shapiro, and E.H. Stenby
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...
D. Dalle Nogare and P. Canu
Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...
3D Electro-Thermal Study for Reliability of Automotive Power Vertical MOSFET Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
T. Azoui, S. Verde, J.B. Sauveplane, and P. Tounsi
LAAS-CNRS, Toulouse, France
Department of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
In this paper 3D electro-thermal FE Model using COMSOL Multiphysics® software of power vertical MOSFET used in the automotive industry is presented. This model is used to analyze the effects of bonding wire lift off defect and to study the influence of metallization thickness and number of bonding wires on the electrical and thermal behavior of the power device. The maximum temperature ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool for Reducing Animals in Biomedical Research: An Application in Dermatology
F. Rossi and R. Pini
Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara”, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Firenze, Italy
In biomedical research the use of animal models gives rise to several ethical problems. COMSOL Multiphysics® may be used as a non-animal technique, very useful in overcoming all these concerns. In this presentation a particular application in dermatology is shown. Bioheat equation mode and diffusion approximation were used to design a theoretical model of blue LED light interaction with an ...