COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool to Increase Safety in the Handling of Acetylene Cylinders Involved in Fires
F. Ferrero, M. Beckmann-Kluge, and K. Holtappels
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Division II.1 “Gases, Gas Plants”, Berlin, Germany
In this paper a mathematical model for predicting the heating-up of an acetylene cylinder involved in a fire is presented. In the simulations polynomial functions were used to describe the temperature dependency of the thermal properties of the cylinder interior, which is a complex system composed by a solid porous material, a solvent and acetylene dissolved in it. Model equations covered heat ...
Optimization of Bending-Type Ultrasonic Transducers with Rotational Symmetry Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
M. Jungwirth and M. Rabl
Wels School of Engineering, Upper Austria University of Applied Sciences, Wels, Austria
Ultrasonic sensors are commonly used for a wide variety of non-contact presence, proximity or distance measuring applications in industry, especially the automotive branch. This paper shows how the radiation properties of bending-type ultrasonic transducers with rotational symmetry depend on shape, dimensions and material parameters. In order to determine their dependencies, the behavior of such ...
Design of Arrayed Micro-Structures to get Super-Hydrophobic Surface for Single Droplet and Bulk Flow Conditions
A. Mall, P. R. Jelia, A. Agrawal, R. K. Singh, and S. S. Joshi
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Maharashtra, India
Surfaces with water contact angle greater than 150º are super-hydrophobic in nature and possess extraordinary water repelling properties. Various researches on wettability of textured surfaces in recent years have shown that texturing surfaces with micron-sized and nanosized patterns improves their hydrophobicity to a great extent. This report aims at optimizing the dimensions of square ...
Coupled Hydro-Mechanical Analysis of Excavation Damaged Zones around an Underground Opening in Sedimentary Rock
H. Abdi, E. Evgin, M. Fall, T.S. Nguyen, and G. Su
University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, ON, Canada
A large amount of research work has been carried out in many countries to determine the viability of radioactive waste disposal in deep geological repositories. It is well known that excavation can cause damage around underground openings. On the other hand, the mechanical damage can influence the stability of the opening and the flow characteristics of the rock mass. In addition, all physical ...
A. Pujol, S. Pommier, G. Debenest, M. Quintard, and D. Chenu
Veolia Environnement, Limay, France
IMFT, Toulouse, France
INSA Toulouse, Toulouse, France
To understand origins and consequences of drying phenomenon during composting, a compositional drying model of a partially water-saturated porous media coupled with biodegradation has been developed. The different simulations carried out under COMSOL Multiphysics demonstrate the ability of the model to well describe the compositional drying of a partial water-saturated porous media and point out ...
Energy Harvesting from Variation in Blood Pressure through Deformation of Arterial Wall using Electro-magneto-hydrodynamics
A. Pfenniger, V.M. Koch, A. Stahel, and R. Vogel
ARTORG Cardiovascular Engineering, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Bern University of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Information Technology, Biel, Switzerland
The present project aims at modelling a generator that harvests energy from the variation in blood pressure by exploiting the motion of the arterial wall between the diastolic and systolic phase of the cardiac cycle. The concept is to use a highly electrically conductive fluid, which is driven by the motion of the arterial wall within a separate compartment outside the artery. A constant ...
A-G. Ghiaus, M-A. Istrate, and A-M. Georgescu
Technical University of Civil Egineering, Bucharest, Romania
Analysis and optimization of air flow distribution inside drying kiln systems contribute to the improvement of the final product quality. The present study reports on the threedimensional numerical solution of air flow within a drying kiln enclosure. The air flow field is examined in different configurations and operation conditions. Depending on the off/on switched fans, we obtain various air ...
Numerical Inversion of Surface Deformation at Long Valley Caldera (California) By Using 3D Mechanical Models
S. Pepe, P. Tizzani, and A. Manconi
IREA-CNR, Napoli, Italy
We use 3D numerical models to analyze the ground deformation observed at Long Valley Caldera (LVC) between 1992 and 2000 via space-based geodetic techniques. More specifically, we implement a complex model that includes the topography and the material heterogeneities information of LVC. The 3D heterogeneous models are implemented of COMSOL models in a Genetic Algorithm optimization to constrain ...
C. Belavý, and G. Hulkó, and K. Ondrejkovic, and D. Šišmišová
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
This paper presents a finite element method based modeling and design of control for distributed parameter systems. First, models of distributed parameter systems in the form of lumped-input/distributed-output systems and structure of control loop are introduced. Next, modeling of temperature fields of the casting die as distributed parameter systems in preheating process is performed in COMSOL ...
N. Boufercha, M. Ghahremanpour, M. Schnaithmann, J. Sägebarth, and H. Sandmaier
Universität Stuttgart / IFF-MST, Nobelstr.12, Stuttgart, Germany
The presented paper describes a method for micro precision assembly of very small objects like future microchips, which have a lateral expansion equal to or smaller than 500 μm. The modelling and simulation of a fluidicbased micro assembly method for a microchip with a dimension of (500 x 500 x 100) μm3 is performed with COMSOL Multiphysics. The finite element method is used for ...