Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

The Effects of a Superparamagnetic Ground on the EMI Response of a Target

A. T. Clark[1]
[1]Research & Development, WM Robots LLC, Colmar, PA, USA

Soil’s electromagnetic properties adversely affect the performance of electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensors and if conditions are severe enough, render them useless. A simple circuit model is often used to express the electromagnetic induction response of a target analytically. This analytic model produces a response function that contains unique characteristics based on the target’s ...

Microwave Exposure System for In Vitro and In Vivo Studies

C. Nadovich[1, 2], W. D. Jemison[2], J. A. Stoute[3], C. Spadafora[4]
[1]Lafayette College, Easton, PA, USA
[2]Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA
[3]Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA
[4]INDICASAT AIP, Ciudad del Saber, Panama

A computer controlled microwave exposure system and specialized applicators were constructed for the purpose of facilitating accurate observations of microwave radiation effects on uninfected and infected biological tissue in vitro and in vivo under different electromagnetic modalities and exposure configuration. To address diverse requirements, three different applicators were developed: a ...

Topology Optimization of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrode Microstructure Morphology for Reduction of Damage Accumulation and Longevity of Battery Life

P. Clarke[1], R. Abedi[1]
[1]University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, TN, USA

The ubiquitous commercial use of Lithium-Ion batteries (LIBs) has increased interest in their implementation into efficient energy storage systems for clean and renewable power sources and the electrical transportation industry. Unfortunately, LIBs are not yet technological mature to meet various commercial demands. Consider the following challenges for example,: (1) lower than desired effective ...

Multiscale Model of Human Pathogen Growth on Fresh Produce

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...

Comparison of Different Passive Oil-Water Mixing Schemes in a Flow Loop

A. Chaudhuri[1]
[1]Materials Synthesis & Integrated Devices, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA

Oil and water are immiscible fluids and they tend to separate very easily when introduced into a flow stream from two different sources in a flow loop. This model studies the development of mixture volume fraction in an oil-water-flow loop with 3 different passive mixing schemes: (i) blind-T, (ii) check valve, and (iii) static mixer. Each device produces different levels of mixture homogeneity ...

Modeling of Expanding Metal Foams

B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno[3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming process ...

Three-Dimensional Thermal Modeling of Temperature Variation in Concrete Box-Girders Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Abid[1,2], N. Tayşi[1], M. Özakça[1]
[1]Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey
[2]Wasit University, Kut, Iraq

The COMSOL's Heat Transfer module was used in this study to evaluate the temperature distribution in concrete box-girders subjected to exterior thermal conditions. The included thermal loads were air temperature, wind speed in addition to solar radiation. Moreover, the reflected radiation from the ground and other surroundings in addition to the mutual radiation between the different surfaces of ...

Heat Drain Device on Ultrasound Imaging Probe

G. Vigna[1], L. Spicci[1]
[1]Esaote SPA, Florence, Italy

Self-heating is a problem to consider for Ultrasound Imaging probes. Since the probe is in contact with the skin, it’s necessary to find a solution to lower the front face temperature in order to avoid patient discomfort, even at the most demanding operating condition. One solution consists in the design of a device that drains the heat from the front to the rear of the transducer, where a ...

A Phase Field Approach to Model Laser Power Control in Spot Laser Welding

C. Touvrey[1], V. Bruyere[2], P. Namy[2]
[1]CEA DAM, Valduc, France
[2]SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Spot laser welding is largely used in industrial manufacturing, especially in the case of small penetration depth. Unfortunately, welded joins are often polluted by porosities. The formation of porosities depends on complex thermo-hydraulic phenomena. During the interaction, a deep and narrow cavity - called the keyhole - is formed. At the end of the interaction, surface tension forces ...

Application of a Weakly Non-Linear Analysis to the Analysis of Thermoacoustic Combustion Instabilities

D. Laera[1], S. M. Camporeale[1], G. Campa[2]
[1]Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy
[2]Ansaldo Energia, Genoa, Italy

The thermoacoustic combustion instabilities are complex phenomena that may occur in steady flow combustion systems that are aboard of, e.g., rocket engines or gas turbines. The phenomena involve the interaction of chemical reactions with fluid-dynamic and propagation of pressure waves in the combustion chamber. Combustion instabilities may lead to a stable condition (known as “limit-cycle”) ...

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