N.D. Barnett, and E. Gutirrez-Miravete
General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
This paper report on a study of the hydrodynamics of skimboards and surfboards using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) module in COMSOL. The study analyzes the flow in a thin water layer underneath a skim board in a 2-D Cartesian coordinate. Three different sets of boundary conditions were employed and one of them produced the best agreement with previous findings.
A. Atalla, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
The inverse diffusion problems deal with the estimation of many crucial parameters such as the diffusion coefficient, source properties, and boundary conditions. Such algorithms are widely applied in many design problems in different physical, chemical, and biological fields. Recently, the estimation of the boundary properties, of the diffusion process, have attracted researchers. We first ...
A.W.M. van Schijndel and H.L. Schellen
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
This paper presents the use of the multiphysics package COMSOL for teaching heat and moisture transport modeling in the research area of building physics. It includes a description on how COMSOL works and six exercises with 2D, 3D, steady state and transient models. It is concluded that COMSOL is a very useful tool for this kind of engineering education. Especially, the abstraction level of ...
Magnetic Fields and Materials for Medical Bone Reconstruction Assisted by Advanced Finite-Element Simulations
A. Sytcheva and T. Herrmannsdörfer
Hochfeld-Magnetlabor Dresden, Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany
We address the use of magnetic fields, forces, and materials for medical purposes. In particular, the treatment of osteochondral lesions is aimed for. To support ongoing activities in this field of research, last advances in using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) for the simulation of relevant processes, like magnetic targeting and magnetic fixation are reported. The availability of advanced ...
E. Engström, B. Balfors, and R. Thunvik
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this study we evaluate transport, retention and subsistence of Escherichia coli (E. coli), a common fecal indicator bacteria, in a model (2x1m) of a constructed wetland. Transport occurs in the unsaturated and saturated zone. Inactivation is accounted for as a kinetic first-order process. Retention is assumed to be dominated by solid-air-water interface straining and is modeled with a kinetic ...
G. Rádi, T. Varga, and T. Chován
University of Pannonia, Veszprem, Hungary
Nowadays mathematical models are applied in almost every field of our life to predict how real systems behave. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has become a standard tool for analyzing various situations where fluid flow has a significant effect on the studied processes. Complex models can be implemented and solved in commercial CFD packages (e.g. COMSOL Multiphysics). The goal of this paper ...
The Effect of the Disintegration of Chemical Stratification on the Time-dependent Behavior of the Earth’s Mantle
A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Based on recent results from seismology, geochemistry etc. the distinct chemical character of the D’’ layer (lowest part of the mantle around the Earth’s core) has appeared unequivocally. Numerical calculations have been carried out to investigate the effect of the disintegration, mixing and homogenization of the dense D’’ on the time-dependent behavior of mantle convection. A ...
S. Khushrushahi, A. Weddemann, Y. Kim, and M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Prior work has analyzed the case of planar Poiseuille ferrofluid flows in planar ducts stressed by uniform sinusoidally applied fields transverse and perpendicular to the duct axis. The coupled linear and angular momentum conservation equations with imposed magnetic flux density, Bx and magnetic field Hz result in a fourth-order system that was numerically solved using the shooting method in ...
Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies
M.S. Yeoman, C. Quah, A. Cizinauskas, K. Cooper, D. McNally, B. Boszczyk
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...
F. Ye, M. Burns, J. Merlo, M. Naughton
Department of Physics, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA
We present the simulation, observation and systematic study of a novel optical phenomenon, a “plasmonic halo”, wherein optically pumped surface plasmons on circular silver microcavities form confined drumhead modes that, under off-resonant conditions, transform to colorful far field radiation at their circumferential boundaries. We simulated the surface plasmon drumhead modes via COMSOL ...