Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modelling of a 5 Cell Intermediate Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (IT-PEFC) Stack: Analysis of Flow Configuration and Heat Transfer

A.S. Chandan[1], A. Mossadegh Pour[2], R. Steinberger-Wilckens[2]
[1]Centre for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
[2]University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) are a key technology in the advancement of society towards a low carbon future, in particular for use within the automotive sector. PEFCs are advantageous due to their low operating temperature (60-80 deg.C), quick start up times and responsiveness to load change. However, the requirement for expensive platinum, difficulty of water management and heat ...

Optimizing Transducer Configuration of Capacitive Sensors for Agricultural Applications

N. Stroia[1], D. Moga[1], G. Mocanu[1], Z. Barabas[1], R. Moga [2]
[1]Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

This work aims to determine optimized configuration using COMSOL Multiphysics® for a class of transducers. Two types of capacitive sensors needed for monitoring and control in agriculture are investigated: a rain sensor and a soil humidity sensor. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to test various configurations for both transducers, like the number of teeth in the comb, the depth of the teeth, the ...

Can Oscillatory Convection Accelerate Signal Propagation in Simple Epithelium?

M. Nebyla[1], M. Pribyl[1]
[1]Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Department of Chemical Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic

We introduce a mathematical model of signal transmission in simple epithelial layers. The mathematical model consists of reaction-transport equations for extracellular ligands, cellular receptors, ligand-receptor complexes and a ligand releasing protease. We consider diffusion and nonstationary convective transport of protein ligands in the extracellular space. The study was carried out using ...

Simulation of Beam Propagation with Two-photon Absorption in Semiconductor Materials

Syuhei LEE et al.[1]

[1]Chiba University, Chiba, Chiba, Japan

We have studied ultrafast all-optical switching devices based on two-photon absorption, which are expected to have ultrafast response less than 1 ps in wideband and to be independent of polarization of light. In our laboratory, we have obtained the analytical solution for the equation of light propagation in our model that the two-photon absorption occurs in a sample. Though we have used the ...

Modelling of Reactive Non-Isothermal Mixture Flow and its Simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

V. Orava[1,2], O. Soucek[1], P. Cedula[2]
[1]Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
[2]Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland

I introduce a model of fluidized reactor which, in presence of heterogeneous platinum-based catalyst, decomposes liquid formic acid producing gaseous mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrogen as the product. I treat the physical system as a (Class II) mixture of four constituents - namely formic acid (FA), Platinum micro-pellets (Pt), carbon dioxide (CO_2) and hydrogen (H_2) - which can be, without ...

Dynamic Simulation of Interface Shapes During Chemical Vapor Deposition

J. V. Jayaramakrishna[1], S. K. Thamida[1]
[1]National Institute of Technology Warangal, Warangal, Telangana, India

Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) finds application in many manufacturing processes of microelectronic devices and MEMS as a recent development. It is also useful for preparation of functionalized surfaces in microsensor kind of devices. The phenomena that is studied is deposition of a crystalline material for example Silicon from the gas phase substance such as Silicon Hydride (SiH4). The ...

A Virtual Laboratory for the 4 Bed Molecular Sieve of the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly

R. Coker [1], J. Knox [1], B. O'Connor [1],
[1] Marshall Space Flight Center - NASA, Huntsville, AL, USA

Introduction: Ongoing work to improve water and carbon dioxide separation systems to be used on crewed space vehicles combines sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations. Thus, as part of NASA’s Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program and the Life Support Systems Project (LSSP), fully predictive COMSOL Multiphysics® software models of the Four Bed Molecular Sieve (4BMS) of the ...

Modeling Enzymatic Pathways in Giant Lipid Vesicles

F. Mavelli [1], E. Altamura [1], P. Stano [2],
[1] University “Aldo Moro”, Chemistry Department, Bari, Italy
[2] Science Department, Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy

Giant vesicles (GVs) are artificial chemical systems largely used as cell models, since they are micrometer-sized closed compartments bounded by a semi-permeable membrane, which in turn is composed by self-assembling amphiphiles. By opportunely engineering the lipid membrane and by entrapping cascade-reaction enzymes inside GVs, it is possible to design micro-sized reactors where metabolic ...

Simulation of Reverse Saturable Absorption

N. Bambha [1],
[1] U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Hillandale, MD, USA

This poster describes a simulation of reverse saturable absorption in a solution C_60 molecules using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The optical processes in C_60 can be modeled through a five-level system. The energy states include three levels of the singlet state, coupled to two levels of an excited triplet state. The optical process is modeled with simple rate equations coupled to a ...

Optimizing the Fluorescence of Diamond Color Centers Encapsulated into Core-Shell Nano-Resonators

M. Csete [1], L. Z. Szabó [1], A. Szenes [1], B. Bánhelyi [2], T. Csendes [2], G. Szabó [1]
[1] Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
[2] Institute of Informatics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

INTRODUCTION Enhancement of a single-photon emission is a great demand in recent science and applications, including development novel class of light sources, encoded information transfer and biological imaging [1, 2, 3]. Fluorescence can be improved through excitation and emission enhancement. Improvement of these two processes can be realized by using the near-field enhancement accompanying ...