High Coupling Factor Piezoelectric Materials for Bending Actuators: Analytical and Finite Elements Modeling Results
I.A. Ivan, M. Rakotondrabe, and N. Chaillet
FEMTO-ST Institute, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France
New giant piezoelectric factor materials such as PMN-PT and PZN-PT were researched during the last decade and are actually becoming commercially available. As they seem very attractive for actuator designs, we studied their potential in replacing PZT ceramics. In a first comparative approach, we tested a series of classic rectangular composite bimorph structures of different combinations of ...
A. E. Khabbazi, A.J. Richards, and M. Hoorfar
School of Engineering, UBC Okanagan, Kelowna, BC Canada, Canada
Using COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5, a numerical model has been developed to determine the effect of the channel geometry and electrode configuration on cell performance based on polarization curves. The Butler-Volmer equation was implemented to determine the reaction rates at the electrodes. The Conductive Media DC module is used to model the electric fields within the fuel cell.
C. Trenado, D. Strauss[1,2], and M. Wittmar
Computational Diagnostics & Biocybernetics Unit, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg, Germany
Leibniz-Institute for New Materials, Saarbrücken, Germany
Progress in coating technology has allowed for the development of free-chromate corrosion inhibitors, which are able to smartly migrate when required. In order to support the coating design, we propose a hybrid mathematical model to study the inhibitor's release by taking into account the thermodynamics and kinetics involved in the corrosion process. The proposed model is ...
Department of Chemical Engineering, M.I.T., Cambridge, MA, USA
Magnetic fluids containing nano or submicron magnetic particles and their application in food, biological and pharmaceutical systems have recently attracted increasing attention. Magnetic particles can be collected efficiently in magnetizable matrices (e.g. iron wires) in high gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) process. In this work, the dynamic buildup growth process is treated as a moving ...
H-Y. Shen, H-P. Tsui, J-C .Hung, S-Y. Lin, and B-H. Yan
Metal Industries Research and Development Centre, Taichung, Taiwan
National Central University, Chungli, Taiwan
In this work, the process of micro-channels in electrochemical micro-milling by using rotating magnet assisted helical tool is presented. The results show helical tool and Lorentz force of the rotating magnetic field that enhance the renewal of the electrolyte and machining efficiency. The feed rate can be raised under the magnetic field assisted in terms of experimental results; moreover, the ...
A.K. Dwivedi, R.M. Patrikar, R.B. Deshmukh, and G. Pendharkar
Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Testing and verification is very important to increase reliability of a system. In water analysis its purity is verified using different test methods. Biosensors are very useful to detect the microorganisms present in water. This paper presents a method to detect E.coli bacteria in water depending upon the capacitance modulation in the presence and absence of E.coli cell, which is simulated in ...
H. Cai, R.P. Jackson, C. Steele, and S. Puria
Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
To support high frequency transmission, the mammalian middle ear construction is unique. The middle ear bones are connected through two mobile joints, the malleus-incus joint (MIJ) and the incudostapedial joint (ISJ). These synovial joints, consisting of joint capsule and synovial fluid inside, play an important role in sound transmission. We developed our current FE model using COMSOL that ...
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Pinawa, MB, Canada
The hydro-mechanical (HM) numerical simulation of a shaft seal installed at a fracture zone in a hypothetical host rock using COMSOL is presented. Two different stages are considered in the numerical modelling. Stage 1 simulates the groundwater flow into an open shaft. Stage 2 simulates the groundwater flow after installation of shaft sealing-components. The shaft sealing components include: ...
Osram Sylvania, Beverly, MA, USA
Thomas Dreeben received his B.A. in Philosophy and Mathematics in 1985, and his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering in 1997, both from Cornell University. He has worked in automotive fuel systems at Ford Motor Company, and in turbulence at Sandia National Laboratories. He currently works in lighting research at OSRAM SYLVANIA, where his modeling focuses on fluid mechanics and heat transfer as they ...
Variable Capacitance And Pull-In Voltage Analysis Of Electrically Actuated Meander-Suspended Superconducting MEMS
N. AlCheikh, P. Xavier, J.M. Duchamp, C.H. Boucher, and K. Schuster
Institute of Microelectronics, Electromagnetism and Photonics (IMEP-LAHC), Minatec, Grenoble, France
Institute of Millimetric Radio Astronomy (IRAM), Grenoble, France
Variable capacitors between the fF and pF range are very interesting for high frequency applications like variable filters, resonators, etc. For radio astronomy applications variable capacitors, realized by electrostatically actuated, micromechanical Meanders-suspended bridges (MEMS) made of superconducting Niobium, have been measured to find C(V). A non plane capacitance behavior have been ...