Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

High Vacuum Gas Pumping and Boundary Coupling

M. Cavenago
INFN/LNL, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy

Many scientific instruments are based on high vacuum equipment with a gas pressure maintained in the order of 1 Pa or below. The gas flow in the low pressure limit, called the molecular flow regime, is a case of transport with zero viscosity. The ability to solve an integral equation on the boundary with finite elements methods allows us to find the gas densities and flows in the ...

Thermal Design of Power Electronic Devices and Modules

N. Delmonte[1], M. Bernardoni[1], P. Cova[1], and R. Menozzi[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, University of Parma, Parma, Italy

This work describes a way to apply 3D Finite Element Analysis (FEA) to the thermal design of power electronic modules using simplified geometry models of the system components. The method here presented can overcome the problem of solving equation systems with a very high number of Degrees Of Freedom (DOF) due to complex geometry of a power module.

3-D Finite Element Modeling of Brain Edema: Initial Studies on Intracranial Pressure Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

X.G. Li[1], H. von Holst[1][2], J. Ho[1], and S. Kleiven[1]

[1]Division of Neuronic Engineering, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

Brain edema is one of the most common consequences of serious traumatic brain injuries which is usually accompanied with increased Intracranial Pressure (ICP) due to water content increment. A three dimensional finite element model of brain edema is used to study intracranial pressure in this paper. Three different boundary conditions at the end of Cerebral Spinal Fluid (CSF) were used to ...

Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks

A. Holmqvist[1] and C.U.I. Odenbrand[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...

Numerical Study of an LTD Stirling Engine with Porous Regenerator

N. Martaj[1], P. Rochelle[1][2], L. Grosu[1], R. Bennacer[3], and S. Savarese[4]
[1]Universitè de Paris, Paris, France
[2]Institut Jean Le Rond d'Alembert, Université Paris 6
[3]Laboratoire LEEVAM «Environnement, Energétique, Valorisation, Matériaux», Universitéde Cergy-Pontoise
[4]COMSOL France, 5 pl. R Schuman, 38000 Grenoble

The alternative engines of Stirling type, are engines running on "hot air", using both an external heat source and regeneration. They should be considered as an alternative for the effective conversion of renewable energy sources into work, with their theoretical yield equal to the theoretical Carnot limit. The output efficiency and the power of these engines are strongly related to the ...

Thermo-fluid Dynamics Modelling of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in a LaNi4.8Al0.2 Hydride Bed

D. Baldissin[1] and D. Lombardo[1]
[1]Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy

A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...

Long Term Performance Of Borehole Heat Exchanger Fields With Groundwater Movement

S. Lazzari, A. Priarone, and E. Zanchini
DIENCA, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

A numerical investigation of the long-term performance of double U-tube borehole heat exchanger (BHE) fields, in the case of non-negligible effects of groundwater movement, is performed by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. Two time periodic heat loads, with a period of one year, are studied: Q1, with a partial compensation between winter heating (principal load) and summer cooling; Q2, with no ...

Convergence Rates For Models With Coupled 1D / 2D Subdomains

A. Bradji[1], E. Holzbecher[2], and M.S. Litz[2]
[1]Department of Mathematics, University of Annaba, Algeria
[2]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany

It is well known that the convergence rate of a numerical model is significantly reduced, when the genuine character of the setting with differential equation and boundary condition is not given anymore. Here we examine the decrease of convergence order for models using COMSOL in which the problem set-up includes a coupling between a 1D and a 2D subdomain. In terms of physics we are dealing with ...

Thermal Properties of Copper Tungsten with Copper Via Composite

J. Ma[1], A. Parker[1], and K. Kuan[2]
[1]Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA, USA
[2]Torrey Hill Technology LLC, SanDiego, CA, USA

This study focuses on a low-cost composite material based on CuW with Cu via, which functions as a more efficient thermal path for heat conduction. A 50mm X 50mm X 1mm CuW(15/85) speciman consists an array of 30X30 uniformly distributed cylindrical Cu via attaching to a microprocessor generating 100 watts power was studied. By calculating the heat flux coming out of the top and the ...

Transient Analysis of the Triggering Behaviour of Safety Fuses

F. Loos, and H.-D. Ließ
Universität der Bundeswehr München
München, Germany

The purpose of this work is to investigate the triggering behaviour of safety fuses for mobile on board supply systems. The influence of different materials and shapes of the fuses on the triggering behaviour are analyzed. Furthermore, the simulation results obtained by the use of COMSOL Multiphysics® are compared to experimentally achieved data. For the transient simulation of the heat ...