D. Scardigno, A. Castellano, P. Foti, A. Fraddosio, S. Marzano, M.D. Piccioni
DICAR, Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy
Introduction: We study an innovative technology for water bottling using PET, aimed at reducing the thickness of the plastic bottles. The goals are the reduction of the amount of plastic used for a single water bottle, the reduction of the packaging costs and more environmental sustainability. The required thickness of the bottle depends on its structural function: when carried, the bottles are ...
Simulation of Differential Ion Mobility (DMS) Principle Coupled with Mass Spectrometry in Atmospheric Pressure
F. Sinatra, T. Wu, A. Avila, E. Nazarov, T. Evans-Nguyen, J. Wang
Draper Laboratory, Tampa, FL, USA
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
Mass spectrometry is an analytical technique widely used in the scientific community to determine chemical composition of sample compounds. Typically, mass spectrometers perform their analysis under vacuum conditions, though atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers are becoming more prevalent. With the development of atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers, techniques such as FAIMS (Field ...
S.M. Dutta, A. Reiderman
Baker Hughes, Houston, TX, USA
Waterflooding and steam-flooding are used worldwide for EOR. Recently, CO2-flooding has attracted global attention as a means of EOR as well as for carbon capture and sequestration. These processes cause significant changes over time in the fluid composition of oil reservoirs. This paper demonstrates the feasibility of a borehole transient electromagnetic (TEM) system that can map the fluid ...
Modeling a Non-Flooding Hybrid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell and Related Diffusion-Migration-Reaction Systems
B.E. McNealy, J.L. Hertz
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
Introduction: Understanding the mass and charge transport behavior of heterogeneous systems that include diffusion, migration, and reaction of ions is important in fuel cells, batteries, and other electrochemical applications. Here, a numerical model for charged species transport and reaction has been developed to simulate the electrochemical behavior of a novel type of “non-flooding” hybrid ...
J. Ebert, S. Ghosal, A. Emami-Naeini
SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA
This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...
Lowering of the Interstitial Fluid Pressure as a Result of Tissue Compliance Changes during High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Exposure: Insights from a Numerical Model
E. Sassaroli, B. O'Neill 
The Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, TX, USA
Interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) is elevated in tumors. Owing to this elevated IFP, the interstitial fluid velocity (IFV) is negligible throughout the tumor but significant near the tumor margin. Any therapeutic strategy that can lower IFP will improve drug convection within the tumor and decrease convection of drugs from the tumor margin. High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been shown ...
P. Shukla, K. K. Singh, P. K. Gupta , S. K. Ghosh
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, India
Flow electrolysers find several applications in industry. They are used for production of metals and synthesis of chemicals, gases. Cleaning and preservation of old artifacts, electrolytic refining of metals, electrolytic winning of metals, alkaline water electrolysis, anodization, electrometallurgy, electroplating, electrolytic etching of metal surfaces are other industrial applications of flow ...
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Realising the interlinkage of nature and engineering are of paramount essential while comprehending the basics of system’s performances. Application of biotechniques in air pollution control is one such emerging scientific area, where the understandings of these complex systems demand more utilisation of computing softwares. Recently, biofiltration is a versatile biological air pollution control ...
I. Gonin, M. Awida, T. Khabiboulline, V. Yakovlev
Fermilab, Batavia, IL, USA
Project X is a proposed proton accelerator complex at Fermilab. The CW LINAC is based on five types of resonators operating at three frequencies: half-wave, spoke, and elliptical. The low beam current for the CW operation of Project X requires cavities to operate at a high loaded Q and, thus, narrow bandwidth. Therefore, it requires optimal mechanical design of the cavities to minimize the ...
Simulation and Optimization of the Speed Flow in COMSOL Multiphysics® during the Suction of the Dust Pump for Granite Polishing Operation
B. Wenga, J. Kouam, A. Djebara, A. Bahloul, V. Songmene
École de Technologie Supérieure, Verdun, Montreal, QC, Canada
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), Montreal, QC, Canada
Polishing is one of the oldest finishing processes. However, exposure to emissions of crystalline silica dust is high. Some toxicological studies have identified this pollutant as responsible for a particular type of lung cancer, silicosis. Operational solutions are needed for reducing near-field emissions of fine and ultrafine dust. Granite dust is emitted at high concentrations during ...