H. Karakuzu, M. Dubov, S. Boscolo
 Aston University, Birmingham, UK
We present an optimization procedure to improve the propagation properties of the depressed-cladding, buried micro-structured waveguides formed in a z-cut lithium niobate (LN) crystal by high repetition rate femtosecond (fs) laser writing. It is shown that the propagation wavelength for which the confinement losses of ordinary (O) and extraordinary ordinary (E) polarizations are below 1 dB/cm ...
M. Algappan, P. C. Chakravarthi, R. Keerthana, S. Mangayarkarasi, A. Kandaswamy
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
A medical ventilator is an imperative device used to save life by delivering an assortment of air and oxygen into and out of the patients’ lungs to administer breathing or to assist obligatory breathing. The commercially available diaphragm based pressure sensors made up of silicon measure the air and oxygen flow. The proposed work utilizes the Piezo electric material for the pressure range ...
Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct - new
A. Soliz, K. Mayrhofer, L. Caceres
Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile
A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...
LIMCA技术是一种原位测量高温液态金属中杂质颗粒的方法。测量的原理为：在一个小孔内外设置一对电极，并且通以电流，这样可以在孔口附近形成一个电敏感区，当杂质经过电敏感区时，通过测量电压脉冲信号以检测杂质的信息。对硬质颗粒的LIMCA技术已经有了许多研究，但实际情况下有些颗粒如气泡是可变形的，这将损害LIMCA的精度。 模型使用了 COMSOL Multiphysics® 中的“层流两相流-相场”和“电磁场”模式，气泡和液态铝以相同的初始速度向相同方向运动，同时在液态导电金属中通以电流。由于流体和气泡是运动的，流动会受到洛伦兹力的影响，所以在流场中加入由电磁场计算得到的“mef.FLtzr”和“mef.FLtzz”作为体积力源项。同时流动结构的改变也会影响电磁场，两个物理场之间存在着强耦合，需要同时求解。 数值计算结果给出了在气泡变形情况下的流场、电磁场 ...
J. Burrow , A. Bond ,
 Quintessa Ltd, United Kingdom
The UK Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor fleet, operated by EDF Energy, utilize a graphite core consisting of a lattice of around 3000 annular bricks. Due to irradiation, oxidation and thermal effects, the bricks deform and loose mass as they age. Of key concern is the late-life behavior of the bricks, in particular the predicted time at which brick shrinkage reverses into expansion, generating large ...
D. Sampietro , E. Abarca , H. von Schenck , J. Molinero 
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
 Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden
Radioactive waste repositories include barriers that work to contain the waste, thereby protecting human health and the environment. In deep geological disposal systems, barriers include the natural geological barrier and the engineered barrier system (EBS). The ability of the EBS to limit groundwater flow is important and optimized design solutions are often sought by means of numerical ...
M. García-Serrana , J. L. Nieber , J. S. Gulliver ,
 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
This analysis evaluates the importance of the lateral component of flow on the infiltration of water from parallel strip sources of water on the soil surface. Flow from such sources will be two-dimensional, having both vertical and lateral components. Here we examine the effect of the spacing between parallel strip sources and the texture of the soil on the rate of infiltration through a given ...
D. Fabris , B. Henriques , J. C. M. Souza , J. Guimarães , M. Fredel 
 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Blumenau, SC, Brazil; and CMEMS-Uminho, Universidade do Minho, Guimarães, Portugal
Dental restorations can be made by different materials bonded together, which grant good mechanical resistance and aesthetic at the same time. In order to evaluate the behavior of dental restorations in the oral environment, a test, called thermocycler, is used, which simulates the temperature changes and the chemical environment of the mouth. The objective of this work is to evaluate thermal ...
A. K. Palit ,
 ZF-Lemförder Electronic GmbH, ZF-Friedrichshafen AG. Group, Friedrichshafen, Germany
The design of a right contour/structure of the NFC-antenna is presented. The NFC-reader-antenna is applied later to communicate with the NFC-tag (transponder) of a smart phone placed in the phone box of the car. The NFC-reader-antenna with selected contour is printed directly on the PCB and the antenna-PCB is placed under the phone box at the center console. The designed antenna must fulfill ...
S. D. Luise , L. M. Bueno ,
 ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
The DUNE experiment (http://www.dunescience.org/) is an international collaboration of more than 100 research institutes and universities (among them CERN and Fermilab) which is taking the challenge of building the next-generation experiment for the study of neutrino particles. The detector conceived to detect neutrinos consists of a gigantic cryogenic apparatus able to keep 700,000 tons of ...