O. Yildirim, and Z. Guo
Intellectual Ventures Laboratories
Regenerative heat exchangers (RHX) find widespread applications in liquid food or pharmaceutical processing as well as in reaction engineering. Whereas \"large\" RHX systems have been in use for a long time, their smaller micro-channel counterparts are a more recent area of interest. Here, we describe the design and development of a novel micro-channel counter-current regenerative heat ...
G. Swetha, G. Pavankumar, and A. Manglik
National Geophysical Research Institute
Andhra Pradesh, India
Mathematical modeling tools are extensively used in Geosciences to delineate the earth structure at various spatial scales as well as to simulate coupled earth processes involving multiphysics concepts. COMSOL, a Multiphysics finite element method based numerical modeling package, can be used to analyze complex systems like earth where various physical parameters are involved and ...
Department of Materials Engineering,
The University of Tokyo
This paper showed that: * SAG-MOCVD is a powerful tool to fabricate OEICs and is also effective to extract true surface kinetics during MOCVD. * GaAs-MOCVD process was examined by SAG analysis where it was seen that below 600ºC, surface kinetics shows non-linear behavior. * Surface reaction rate constant of adsorbed species was constant against offset angle, while adsorption equilibrium ...
C. Grau Turuelo, B. Bergmann, C. Breitkopf, F. Hoffmann, L. Brencher
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
Infineon Technologies GmbH, Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
A novel technique for semiconductor manufacturing is introduced: Silicon-On-Nothing. This process consists of an initial cylindrical trench which has a shape evolution under certain conditions: high temperature (1100 °C), low pressure (10 Torr) and a non-oxidizing atmosphere such as hydrogen. These conditions enable a, mainly, surface diffusion phenomenon whose final result is an empty space ...
J. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
In order to predict, improve and meet a certain set of performance requirements related to the indoor climate of buildings and the associated energy demand, building energy simulation (BES) tools are indispensable. Due to the rapid development of FEM software and the Multiphysics approaches, it should possible to build and simulate full 3D models of buildings regarding the energy demand. The ...
J. Molinero, A. Nardi, P. Trinchero
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
Groundwater is a key factor affecting mine operations worldwide. On one hand, both underground and open pit mines need to pump out groundwater in order to proceed with mineral extraction and increase the stability of rock slopes. On the other hand, groundwater abstractions can produce undesired environmental and social impacts, which should be anticipated in the environmental impact assessments ...
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kun Shan University of Technology, Tainan, Taiwan
Multiphysics simulation has been used extensively in our research for fluid flow and heat transfer applications. Our projects include: simulation of fluid dynamics in an active liquid heat sink for CPU cooling, impeller design for a pipe flow generator with computational fluid dynamics (CFD), investment casting with plastic rapid prototype patterns, phase change materials with rapid prototyping ...
H. Chen-Mayer, R. E. Tosh
NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Microcalorimetry for standardizing activities of radionuclide samples entails measurements of input power heat flow from the sample cell, with the radioactive sample compared to the reference cell under balanced conditions. The measurement is susceptible to noise due to drift and 1/f effects; thus, a better result might be expected with periodic insertion of the source into the sample chamber and ...
R. Penjweini, M. M. Kim, T. C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Introduction: Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) has a critical role in the cell-killing mechanism of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore, in this study, the distance-dependent reacted ¹O₂ is numerically calculated using finite-element method (FEM). Herein, we use a model [Ref. 1] that has been previously developed to incorporate the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the ...
A Comparative Study of the Basic Flow Field Designs for High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells - new
A. Lele, N. Lodha, R. Srivastava, A. Pandey, A. Paul
CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Reliance Industries Ltd., Reliance Technology Group, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
A Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) comprises a membrane-electrode assembly sandwiched between two conducting ‘monopolar’ plates having engraved gas flow channels, also called the flow field. The purpose of the flow field is to provide sufficient residence time for the gases to undergo reactions at the two electrodes, effect a homogeneous distribution of reactant gases over the given ...