High Coupling Factor Piezoelectric Materials for Bending Actuators: Analytical and Finite Elements Modeling Results
I.A. Ivan, M. Rakotondrabe, and N. Chaillet
FEMTO-ST Institute, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France
New giant piezoelectric factor materials such as PMN-PT and PZN-PT were researched during the last decade and are actually becoming commercially available. As they seem very attractive for actuator designs, we studied their potential in replacing PZT ceramics. In a first comparative approach, we tested a series of classic rectangular composite bimorph structures of different combinations of ...
A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, and M. Willatzen
Mads Clausen Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg, Denmark
Institute of Sensors, Signals and Electrotechnics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
The use of plasmonic effects to dramatically enhance the electromagnetic field near the surface of a metallic nanostructured surface has grown into a large research area in the effort to take advantage of the surface enhanced field. In this paper the electromagnetic field near a nano-sized truncated spherical cavity embedded in a gold substrate is investigated and modeled in 3D with COMSOL ...
B. Hari and C. Theodoropoulos
The University of Manchester, School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, Manchester, UK
Microreactors are important alternative to conventional reactors in chemistry, chemical, pharmaceutical and semiconductor industries due to their operation characteristics such as increased mass and heat transfer, uniform flow, safety, high throughput through array configurations, smaller plant size and lower cost of production. Models for such reactors need to be able to describe both the ...
A. Gizzi, C. Cherubini, S. Migliori, and S. Filippi
Nonlinear Physics and Mathematical Modeling Lab, Engineering Faculty, University Campus Bio-Medico, Roma, Italy
International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, University of Rome La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Alberto Sordi Foundation, Research Institute on Aging, Roma, Italy
Postoperative or paralytic Ileus (PI) is a temporary aftermath of major abdominal surgeries. PI prevents the passage of food throughout the lumen leading to bloating, distension, emesis and pain. A plausible mathematical model for this phenomenology physiologically fine tuned including thermal variations, is presented here. Using COMSOL Multiphysics the existing intestinal ionic model have been ...
Ken Kang-Hsin Wang, and Timothy C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during type-II photodynamic therapy (PDT). The production of 1O2involves the complex reactions among cancer agent, oxygen molecule, and treatment laser light. The light propagation in tumor tissue is described by the diffusion equation. In this work, an optimization routine is developed to fit the [1O2]rx profile to the simulated necrosis ...
A. El-Deib, F. Dawson, S. Bhosle, D. Buso, and G. Zissis
University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
LAPLACE-University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France
This work uses COMSOL to simulate the Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) lamp coupled to the external electrical circuit. The coupled system is modeled to capture the effect of the electrical parasitic elements on the efficiency of the DBD which is more realistic as compared to previous trials which assumed that a perfect voltage source is applied to lamp terminals. The obtained results ...
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Markus Zahn received all his education at MIT, was a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Florida, Gainesville from 1970-1980, and then joined the MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science faculty in 1980. He works in the Laboratory for Eelectromagnetic and Eelectronic Systems, in the MIT High Voltage Research Laboratory, is the Director ...
INFN/LNL, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy
Many scientific instruments are based on high vacuum equipment with a gas pressure maintained in the order of 1 Pa or below. The gas flow in the low pressure limit, called the molecular flow regime, is a case of transport with zero viscosity. The ability to solve an integral equation on the boundary with finite elements methods allows us to find the gas densities and flows in the ...
S. Barth, and S. Zimmermann
Drägerwerk AG & Co. KGaA, Lübeck, Germany
Ion mobility spectrometry provides fast detection of very low concentrations of chemical substances. Simple instrumentation combined with high sensitivity and high selectivity are the advantages of this technique. One well established field of application is the detection of hazardous compounds in air, such as chemical warfare agents, explosives and pollutants. A numerical model based on finite ...
T. Chen, and P.G. Ifju
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
This paper describes using thermal-structural interaction to model the shrinkage behavior in cement paste under drying. An inverse method of combining the finite element analysis and the least-squares method is implemented to fit experimentally determined shrinkage in order to obtain material properties from the complex geometry used in the tests. The finite element model is created using COMSOL ...