A Multiphase Porous Medium Transport Model with Distributed Sublimation Front to Simulate Vacuum Freeze Drying
A. Warning, J. M. R. Arquiza, A. K. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
A continuum, porous medium formulation with non-equilibrium sublimation was developed and validated for freeze drying without and with uniform microwave volumetric heating. The model incorporates the effect of Knudsen flow at low pressure and low permeability freeze drying. The distributed, non-equilibrium sublimation demonstrated that the sublimation front is a sharp boundary for high ice ...
Modelling of Non-Equilibrium Effects in Solvent-Enhanced Spontaneous Imbibition in Fractured Reservoirs
M. Chahardowli, R. Farajzadeh , H. Bruining
TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
In fractured reservoirs, much of the oil is stored in low permeable matrix blocks that are surrounded by a high permeability fracture network. Therefore, production from fractured reservoir depends on the transfer between fracture and matrix, which is critically dependent on their interaction. COMSOL Multiphysics® was implemented to model the process of penetration of the aqueous phase into an ...
L. Wright, G. Memoli, P. Jones, E. Stride
National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK
University College London, London, UK
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Understanding the interactions between microbubbles and surfaces is key to the successful deployment of microbubbles in a range of applications. Two important examples are their use as a drug delivery mechanism, and their potential use of acoustically-driven bubbles as microscale sensors. Drug delivery with bubbles involves sonication at high frequency close to a boundary, and sensing with ...
H. Ali Akhlaghi Amiri
University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
Wettability affects two-phase displacements in porous media by determining the microscopic distribution of fluids in pore spaces. The impact of wettability on transport properties at macro-scales has been widely addressed in literature; however a deeper understanding of wettability effects demands pore-level investigations which are still limited. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics® software ...
D. Barac , Z. Karimadini , R. Croce , D. Iber 
 Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering (D-BSSE), ETH Zurich, Basel, Switzerland
One of the major challenges in biology concerns the integration of data across length and time scales into a consistent framework: how do macroscopic properties and functionalities arise from the molecular regulatory networks and how do they evolve? A deeper understanding of morphogenesis and organogenesis in particular is required to advance tissue engineering. Recent advancements in 3D ...
N. Martaj, P. Rochelle, L. Grosu, R. Bennacer, and S. Savarese
Universitè de Paris, Paris, France
Institut Jean Le Rond d'Alembert, Université Paris 6
Laboratoire LEEVAM «Environnement, Energétique, Valorisation, Matériaux», Universitéde Cergy-Pontoise
COMSOL France, 5 pl. R Schuman, 38000 Grenoble
The alternative engines of Stirling type, are engines running on "hot air", using both an external heat source and regeneration. They should be considered as an alternative for the effective conversion of renewable energy sources into work, with their theoretical yield equal to the theoretical Carnot limit. The output efficiency and the power of these engines are strongly related to the ...
Senior Materials Scientist, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
A scientific hypothesis states that cryogenic trapped water is just under the surface of lunar soil at the poles in permanently shadowed craters. Microwave energy can be used to efficiently extract this water from permafrost. COMSOL permits calculation of the heating of simulated lunar soil using measured temperature dependent dielectric properties. Calculations at different microwave ...
H. Pakdast, Z. Davis
DTU Nanotech, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
This article describes the development of a bulk mode resonator which can be employed for detection of bio/chemical species in liquids. The goal is to understand the mechanical and electrical properties of a bulk mode resonator device which exhibit high frequency resonance modes and Q-factor. A high resonance frequency is desirable because a small change in the resonator’s mass, for ...
J.T. Andrews, R.R. Kumar, and P.K. Sen
Department of Applied Physics, S G S Institute Technology & Science, Indore, Maharashtra, India
We report the results of simulation showing light coupling in waveguides through prism coupling method. Prism coupling method of light coupling in waveguides is a dominant method adopted by photonic device fabricators. It is necessary to understand the effect various parameters on light coupling in such processes. We used industry standard PDE solver COMSOL Multiphysics to study and analyze the ...
J. Maneerote, and P.S. Takhar
International Center for Food Industry Excellence Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA
Microscale comprised of the scale of food biopolymers at which biochemical reactions and textural changes take place, and the macroscale was the scale of interaction of polymers with surrounding water, vapor and oil phases. Numerous novel equations such as generalized Darcy’s law based fluid transport equations for various phases; near-equilibrium equation governing phase change from liquid ...