P.K. Jain, V.B. Khane, J.D. Freels
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
Simulation models for steady state thermal hydraulics analyses of ORNL’s HFIR have been developed using COMSOL. A single fuel plate and coolant channel of each type of HFIR fuel element was modeled in three dimensions. The standard k-? turbulence model was used in simulating turbulent flow with conjugate heat transfer. The COMSOL models were developed to be fully parameterized to allow ...
J. Ebert, S. Ghosal, A. Emami-Naeini
SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA
This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...
Modeling a Non-Flooding Hybrid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell and Related Diffusion-Migration-Reaction Systems
B.E. McNealy, J.L. Hertz
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
Introduction: Understanding the mass and charge transport behavior of heterogeneous systems that include diffusion, migration, and reaction of ions is important in fuel cells, batteries, and other electrochemical applications. Here, a numerical model for charged species transport and reaction has been developed to simulate the electrochemical behavior of a novel type of “non-flooding” hybrid ...
Modeling and Analysis of a Direct Geothermal Heat Pump (DX): Part II-Modeling of Water-Refrigerant Exchanger
J. Fannou, C. Rouseau, L. Lamarche, S. Kajl
École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, Canada
In this section, we simulate the heat exchanger system in one dimension characterized by two coaxial tubes with ribbed inner tube using the equations of conservation of mass, conservation of momentum and energy. The COMSOL PDE interface is used to simulate the monophasic and biphasic flow of refrigerant R22 (Chlorodifluoromethane). Heat transfer in waterand inner wall of the exchanger are ...
M. C. B. Kumar, D. B. Prabhu, R. Akila, A. Gupta, M. Alagappan
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil nadu, India
This paper discusses the simulation studies on a vibration based energy harvesting system to convert the undesirable mechanical vibration to useful green power. The design consists of a resonating proof mass and a spring system enclosed in housing and fixed on the source of vibration. A piezoelectric suspension acts as the transducer and generates a voltage that is used to charge the batteries ...
J. Podichetty Thribhuvan, S.V. Madihally
Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA
Utilization of bioreactors to regenerate tissues outside the body has been intensely investigated in functional tissue engineering. Various studies have been performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to understand fluid flow within bioreactors while assuming porous scaffold as a rigid structure. However, the physical and mechanical properties of most tissue engineering scaffolds suggest ...
M.K. Ghantasala, B.O. Asimba, A. Khaminwa, K.J. Suthar, D.C. Mancini
Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
The understanding of pH-sensitive hydrogel swelling response in different buffer environmental condition is essential for its use in different practical applications. This necessitates its simulation in steady state and transient conditions. This paper mainly deals with the details of the numerical simulation performed by developing coupled formulation of chemo-electro-mechanical behavior of ...
F. Ye, M. Burns, J. Merlo, M. Naughton
Department of Physics, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA
We present the simulation, observation and systematic study of a novel optical phenomenon, a “plasmonic halo”, wherein optically pumped surface plasmons on circular silver microcavities form confined drumhead modes that, under off-resonant conditions, transform to colorful far field radiation at their circumferential boundaries. We simulated the surface plasmon drumhead modes via COMSOL ...
C.A. Biffi, A. Tuissi
National Research Council of Italy, Lecco, Italy
In this work the innovative concept is the use of a Cu based metallic foam, characterized by open cell structure, as active element for heat exchangers. The metallic foam, produced by liquid infiltration method, was introduced inside a Cu tube, as base element for the exchanger. In the configuration under investigation, an moist air flow at few hundreds of degrees passes through the metallic ...
M. Audley, G. de Lange, C. Bracken
SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Groningen, The Netherlands
National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland
SAFARI is a far-infrared imaging spectrometer for the Japanese satellite observatory SPICA. SAFARI covers the wavelength range 34—210 μm (1.4—8.8 THz) using Transition-Edge-Sensor (TES) bolometers. We have built a test facility to qualify and characterize the SAFARI focal plane units using cryogenic optical calibration sources. To support this work we have used COMSOL Multiphysics® to model the ...