Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies
M.S. Yeoman, C. Quah, A. Cizinauskas, K. Cooper, D. McNally, B. Boszczyk
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...
Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany
Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...
A. Weddemann, and V. Thümmler
Bielefeld University, Germany
ALE-methods are frequently used to solve systems of partial differential equations (PDEs) on moving domains. The main idea of these methods is to incorporate the time evolution of the domain into the equations. However, the motion of the domain with respect to time induces convective fluxes in the resulting equations. These can lead to stability problems of the numerical method if they become ...
VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland
Radionuclide transport modeling is a part of the research concerning geological disposal of spent nuclear fuel. Typically, the transport models near a single deposition hole focus on the reactions of nuclides, while the model geometry and the flow of groundwater are often simplified. In this paper, instead, a radionuclide transport model in a detailed 3D geometry with no reactions is introduced. ...
Ravindra Mane, Sandeep soni
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India
This paper presents the 3D model of hydrodynamic plain journal bearing using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Using 3D Model, pressure distribution in plain journal bearing is obtained by steady state analysis of plain journal bearing. Generalized Reynolds equation is used for analyzing hydrodynamic journal bearing by COMSOL Multiphysics® as well as by analytical method by applying Sommerfeld boundary ...
S. Lefeuvre, and O. Gomonova
Eurl Creawave, Toulouse, France
Siberian State Aerospace University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
The microwave heating and processing of heterogeneous material is usually simulated using a set of coupled PDE equations in an homogeneous medium. Nowadays it is possible to describe more accurately the process with a suitable description of the heterogeneities that is at the grain level. Many authors work with spheres (circles) to represent the grains but it is difficult to achieve an ...
M. Puskarczyk, R. Jez 
ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland
Multilayer planar transformers are widely implemented in power electronic applications. The design process of these elements is complicated due to the complexity of a magnetic circuit and high frequency interactions between windings. Additionally, an analytical approach to the analysis (based on mathematical formulas) can be uncertain. The applied FEM method of the analysis can be a solution to ...
Modelling of the Dynamical Fluorescent Micro-Thermal Imaging Experiment on the Heat Diffusion in the La5Ca9Cu24O41 Spin Ladder Compound - new
E. Khadikova, F. de Haan, P. H. M. van Loosdrecht
Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Department of Physics, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany
The dynamical fluorescent micro-thermal imaging (FMI) experiment has been used to investigate the phonon-magnon interaction in the 1D Heisenberg antiferromagnet La5Ca9Cu24O41. This material shows highly anisotropic heat conductivity due to the efficient magnetic heat transport along the spin ladders in the compound carried by magnetic excitations (magnons). To extract information on the phonon ...
Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy
R.F. Hamou, P.U. Biedermann, A. Erbe, and M. Rohwerder
Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany
A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...
M. Fält, and R. Zevenhoven
Thermal and Flow Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering
Åbo Akademi University
Air-conditioning produced by traditional vapor compression cycle is an energy demanding operation. By using passive cooling methods is it possible to avoid, or at least reduce, the need for vapor compression cooling. A passive radiative cooling method could be a three windowed skylight, filled with a greenhouse gas. Earlier modeling of such a skylight has shown promising results, and work has ...