F. Banfi, D. Nardi, and M. Travagliati
Dipartimento Matematica e Fisica, Università Cattolica, Brescia, Italy
JILA, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, United States
Center for Nanotechnology Innovation @NEST, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Pisa, Italy
Ultrafast optical generation of pseudosurface acoustic waves is investigated in hypersonic surface phononic crystals. The thermomechanics is modeled from first-principles to follow the initial impulsive heat-driven displacement in the time domain. Spectral decomposition of the displacement over the surface phononic crystal eigenmodes outlines asymmetric resonances featuring the coupling between ...
I. Avram, and I. Gavril Tarnovan
The Technical University of Cluj Napoca
This paper presents a study on the propagation modes of electromagnetic waves through a step index fiber optics. To analyze the propagation of electromagnetic field, a simulation in Comsol 4.0 has been implemented using two different optical fibers. Obtaining the propagation modes, called linearly polarized modes (LPnm) to get their characterization according to the radial and azimuthal ...
Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...
Z. Liang, Z. Meng, K. Jie, Y. Benxi
Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China
Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
This paper introduces the concept, research methods and application of photonic crystals. Starting from Maxwell's equations, the functional form of the TE mode and TM mode of the 2D crystal is derived. In 2D crystal, according to the functional forms, we conduct some stimulation about two-demensional photonic crystal with line-defect and dot-defect, forming some results as following: 1. ...
X. Liang, K. Kang-Hsin Wang, and T. Zhu
University of Pennsylvania
Determination of tissue optical properties distributions is very important for determining light fluence distribution during photodynamic therapy (PDT). In this study, an interstitial diffuse optical tomography (iDOT) system was used to characterize the spatial distribution of optical properties for a series of mathematical phantoms as well as verification measurements in a prostate phantom. ...
M. Dong, M. Tomes, M. Eichenfield, M. Jarrahi, T. Carmon
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA
We present a 3D port sweep method in a lossy silicon photonic crystal resonator to demonstrate the capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics® for frequency domain analysis with input and output ports. This method benefits from the advantages of the S-parameter analysis to characterize the input and output coupling into the resonator. By pumping one end of the cavity with a CW plane wave, we are able ...
K. C. Koppenhoefer , S. Yushanov , J. S. Crompton ,
 AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
Surface Plasmons (SP) or Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPP) are electromagnetic excitations that propagate at the interface between a dielectric and a conductor, and are evanescently confined in the perpendicular direction to the propagation. They arise via coupling of the electromagnetic field to oscillations of the conductor’s electron plasma and are characterized in terms of dispersion and ...
J. J. Mahakud, D. Sengupta
Institute of Technical Education & Research, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Solar energy is the cleanest form of renewable energy. The most popular form of utilization of solar energy is through the use of photovoltaic cells. Currently the efficiency of available solar cells lies below 20%. To increase the efficiency, multi-junction can be used in solar cells. While developing such devices we need platform to study various characteristics and parameters to optimize ...
L. Wang ,
 Konica Minolta Laboratory USA, Inc., San Mateo, CA, USA
Organic light emitting diode (OLED) is an emerging technology for next-generation flat panel display and solid-state area lighting thanks to its many advantages such as light weight, low operating voltage, and flexibility, etc. A typical OLED has a multilayer structure that includes a glass or plastic substrate, an anode (ITO), a hole transport layer (HTL), an emitting layer (EML), an electron ...
刘小璐 , 汪滢莹 , 田翠萍 ,
 北京工业大学， 北京，中国
空芯光子晶体光纤（HC-PCFs）具有不同于传统光纤的带隙导光机制，在光通信系统、高功率激光器、工业制造和生物医疗等许多领域有广阔的应用前景。随着光纤拉制技术的不断进步，不同纤芯结构的 HC-PCFs 出现并带来了更好的光传输特性（图1）。通过设计新的纤芯形状，并运用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 中的 RF 模块进行仿真，可以研究各种纤芯 HC-PCFs 的模式（图2）、泄漏损耗（图3）和波导色散（图4）等特性。结果表明：设计的内凹圆化形纤芯 HC-PCFs 比传统的正十二边形纤芯 HC-PCFs 有更低的泄漏损耗和波导色散，而设计的内凹直线形纤芯 HC-PCFs 有很低的泄漏损耗和大的波导色散。新设计的纤芯结构未来可用于大容量光通信 ...