R. Caulk, J. McCartney, E. Ghazanfari
University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
In this study, a model of in-situ geothermal energy piles was constructed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Geothermal energy piles serve two purposes, first to transfer building load into the subsurface, but also to extract thermal heat from surrounding soils. This is achieved using a heat pump coupled with embedded heat exchangers. As a result, a multiphysics problem is introduced - heat ...
S. Yushanov, J. S. Crompton, K. C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, LLC., Columbus, OH, USA
This study analyzed the laser powder bed additive manufacturing process. The laser is modeled as a moving heat source with time dependent heat transfer causing local, transient melting of the metal powder. Heat transfer is considered to take place due to convection in the molten metal pool, solidification of molten metal and conduction, convection and radiation to the surrounding environment. ...
3D Multiphysics Modeling of Bulk High-Temperature Superconductors for Use as Trapped Field Magnets - new
M. Ainslie, J. Zou, D. Hu, D. Cardwell
Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
The authors are currently investigating the use of bulk high temperature superconductors as trapped field magnets (TFMs) in order to increase the electrical and magnetic loading of an axial gap, trapped flux-type superconducting electric machine. In electric machines, the use of superconducting materials can lead to increases in efficiency, as well as power density, which results in reductions ...
J. H. Lee
Department of Mechanical Engineering, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE
The idea of application as a hearing device based on a parasitoid fly, Ormia ochracea has been studied extensively recently. This paper addresses another possible application as an underwater directional sensor. In order to study the feasibility of the application, it is necessary to investigate the feasibility of the underwater application of the directional sensor based on the hearing ...
A. Solimeno, J. Garcia
Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
The aim of present work is to present and calibrate a new mechanistic model that includes physical and biokinetic processes to reproduce the algae growth in photobioreactor or ponds during long-term scenarios. A COMSOL Multiphysics® model is used to implement the microalgae processes mainly based on River Water Quality Model 1 (RWQM1) (Reichert et al., 2011). The main innovation of the model is ...
C. Belavý, G. Hulkó, S. Lipár, B. Barbolyas
Institute of Automation, Measurement and Applied Informatics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
In the paper, first a basic concept of the engineering approach for modeling and control of distributed parameter systems (DPS) based on interpretation of controlled systems as lumped input and distributed output systems (LDS) is introduced. Next, FEM modeling of temperature fields in casting mould and extruder body as real DPS by means of the software environment COMSOL Multiphysics® is ...
P. A. Haris, T. Ramesh
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Design and manufacture of thrusters for producing very low thrust force in the range of milli or micro newtons using micronozzles has been actively developed in the last decade. The nature of propellant flow in such micronozzles differs from that of macro nozzles. In micronozzles, viscous effect dominates; hence the flow is always in laminar regime with high viscous losses. Objective of this ...
S. F. Azam
IIT Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Over the last decade, electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) has become one of the most blistering and versatile tool in digital microfluidics. It enables control over fluid shape and flow by electrical signals alone, which is viable by effective utilization of the excess charge accumulation at the interface between the droplet and the dielectric surface, also by polarization of line tension at the ...
Modeling of Porous Catalyst Pellets: Comparison of Diffusion Flux Models for Steam Methane Reforming
P. L. Mills , L. Olabanji , A. Nagaraj , A. Nanduri ,
 Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
Introduction Steam reforming of natural gas has been the most common method for producing synthesis gas (CO + H2) for the production of H2, MeOH and NH3 for over half a century . Production of H2 in the USA using steam methane reforming (SMR) is ca. 9 MM tons/yr. Global production of NH3 using H2 derived from SMR was ca. 109 MM/yr in 2004. In the chemical industry, the SMR process is ...
M. L. Smith , A. A. Sicard , A. A. Skandani , M. R. Shankar ,
 Hope College, Holland, MI, USA
 University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Photomechanical materials experience strains in response to light of certain wavelengths. These remotely triggered, photo-induced strains lead to large-scale deformations, presenting significant opportunities for wireless actuators and light-driven morphing structures. A large space of possible mechanical behaviors exist for these materials since their response depends on a variety of system ...