R. Ernst, C. Garnier, P. Petitpas, and C. Trassy
SIMAP-EPM Laboratory (CNRS), Saint Martin d'Hères, France
The cold crucible is a useful tool for the elaboration of high purity materials by electromagnetic fields. The application areas range from titanium part elaboration, for the aeronautic industry or in medical prosthesis, to silicon purification for the photovoltaic industry. In this paper, the main results of a 3D electromagnetic model of a cold crucible from a former paper are briefly ...
A Finite Element Analysis of the Influence of Morphology on Barrier Properties of Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites
D. L. Statler Jr., and R. K. Gupta
Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Nanocomposites, formed by dispersing a few weight-percent of nanometer-thick platelets of organically-coated montmorillonite clay in a variety of polymers, are being used in food packaging applications. The clay platelets reduce the diffusion coefficient of gases, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor, and prolong the shelf-life of packaged foods and carbonated beverages. Here we use the COMSOL ...
C. Hollenstein, and A. Howling
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Finite elements using COMSOL Multiphysics have been used to simulate the edge plasma in a large area capacitively coupled RF reactor. In order to reduce numerical difficulties simplified reactor edge geometries have been used. First results show the importance of electrostatic double layers within this plasma. In addition the non-uniform behaviour of the plasma sheath around convex and ...
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...
S. Khushrushahi, A. Weddemann, Y. Kim, and M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Prior work has analyzed the case of planar Poiseuille ferrofluid flows in planar ducts stressed by uniform sinusoidally applied fields transverse and perpendicular to the duct axis. The coupled linear and angular momentum conservation equations with imposed magnetic flux density, Bx and magnetic field Hz result in a fourth-order system that was numerically solved using the shooting method in ...
F. Greco, J. van Herle, A. Nakajo
FUELMAT Group, Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
A solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is composed of four layers (anode, electrolyte compatibility layer and cathode) of different ceramic materials. The anode layer is produced by tape casting, the remaining layers are deposited by screen-printing. The layers are sintered together at high temperatures. During heating up and cooling down (manufacturing process), stresses are generated in the layers due ...
Applied Superconductivity Center, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, FL, USA
High temperature superconductors (HTS) allow larger current densities through coil wound electromagnets, which produce higher magnetic fields. A high field HTS insert demonstration magnet is being built with high field homogeneity (~1 ppm) for application in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The HTS NMR system is inserted into the bore of an existing high field magnet. A compensating Helmholtz ...
F. F. Dall'Agnol, A. C. F. de Mattos
Center for Information Technology Renato Archer (CTI), Campinas, SP, Brazil
We simulate a Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasound Transducer (CMUT) using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The CMUT is an electromechanical system, therefore, we couple the physics of electrical and structural mechanics to describe its dynamics. We obtain the distributions of the electric field and the stress as a function of time. Finally, we derived the time evolution of the device for several ...
L. Liu, W.J. Lin, H.L. Zhang
State Key Laboratory of Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
In this paper, we use the PDE interface of COMSOL Multiphysics® software to implement the 2.5D frequency wave-number domain method to investigate the wave propagation in a deviated borehole penetrating a transversely isotropic formation. A convolutional perfectly matched layer is realized to eliminate the reflections from the artificial truncation boundary. With this method, we can obtain the ...
Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry and Bioengineering,
Rice University, Houston, TX, USA
Dr. Naomi Halas is currently Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry, and Bioengineering at Rice University. She is the inventor of nanoshells, nanoparticles with optical resonances spanning the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum. She is co-founder of a company developing nanoshell-based cancer therapy. She is author of more than 150 refereed publications, more than ...