Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Application of Multiphysics in the Simulation of Metallurgical Processes

M. Ek, and D. Sichen
Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

In the steelmaking processes, the stirring of the metal bath by argon (or nitrogen) injection is a widely used method to achieve chemical or thermal homogeneity. Computational fluid dynamics can be used as a very powerful tool to gain an insight into the mass transfer and heat transfer in liquid steel. In this paper, the flow behaviors in two different steelmaking reactors were simulated using ...

Ferromagnetic Materials for MEMS- and NEMS-Devices

A. Weddemann, J. Jadidian, S. Khushrushahi, Y. Kim, and M. Zahn
Research Laboratory of Electronics
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge MA

The modeling of ferromagnetic materials is a challenging task of high industrial and academic impact. Thin film and granular systems form the basis of novel spintronic devices such as modern hard drives with a high data area storage density. In order to push the current limits even further and to design more efficient devices, a strong understanding of the governing dynamics is required. We ...

Simulation of Wear using LiveLink™ for MATLAB®

D. Sutton[1]
[1]National Centre for Advanced Tribology at Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

An incremental wear model has been developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® with MATLAB® to predict the evolution of component geometry as a result of wear. Whilst Archard’s wear law is a well-known empirical model for the prediction of wear volume, the design engineer is interested in changes in tolerance as a result of component geometry. At each time step, the simulation extracts the pressure ...

Modeling the Effect of Headspace Steam on Microwave Heating of Mashed Potato - new

J. Chen[1], K. Pitchai[1], D. Jones[1], J. Subbiah[1]
[1]University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA

Introduction: Domestic microwave ovens are widely used to heat food products, because of rapid and convenient heating. Nonuniform heating is the biggest issue in microwave heating process, which also causes food quality and safety issues. Microwave heating models are promising tools to assist in developing food products that deliver uniform heating. Due to intensive heating, moisture evaporation ...

Analysis of Highly-dense LED Structures

Te-Yuan Chung
National Central University

In this presentation we consider LED lighting. We begin the presentation by explaining the basics of LED lighting and the opportunities it provides. We then provide examples of different issues with LED lighting, such as optical, electrical, thermal and mechanical issues. The presentation is accompanied by Numerical Models made in COMSOL Multiphysics of LED lighting. At the end of the ...

Optimization of Carbon Nanotube Field Emission Arrays

B. L. Crossley[1], M. Kossler[1], P.J. Collins[1], R. A. Coutu Jr.[1], and L. A. Starman[1]

[1]Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, USA

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been proven experimentally to be well suited for field emission applications. An optimized triode configured CNT field emission array is developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics Electrostatics Application to adjust five key physical dimensions to investigate the effects on the enhanced electric field at the CNT emitter tips. The five dimensions studied are CNT spacing, ...

Deformation of Biconcave Red Blood Cell in the Dual-Beam Optical Tweezers

Y. Sheng, and L. Yu
University Laval
Quebec City, QC
Canada

A biconcave-shaped Red Blood Cell was trapped and deformed in a dual-trap optical tweezers. The two highly focused trapping beams of Gaussian intensity distribution were modeled as background field in the COMSOL Radio Frequency Module. The 3D radiation stress distribution on the cell surface was computed via the Maxwell stress tensor. The 3D deformation of the cell was computed with the COMSOL ...

Influence of Thermal Conductivity and Plasma Pressure on Temperature Distribution and Acoustical Eigenfrequencies of High-Intensity Discharge Lamps

J. Schwieger[1], B. Baumann[1], M. Wolff[1], F. Manders[2], J. Suijker[2]
[1]Heinrich-Blasius-Institute of Physical Technologies, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany
[2]Philips Lighting, Turnhout, Belgium

High-intensity discharge (HID) lamps are energy-efficient light sources with excellent color qualities. A three-dimensional model of a low-wattage lamp, which includes plasma, electrodes, and burner walls, was developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. Most parameters appearing in the coupled differential equations of the model, such as viscosity, thermal and electrical conductivity are ...

Numerical Investigation of Micronozzle Performance for Various Nozzle Geometries - new

P. A. Haris[1], T. Ramesh[1]
[1]National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Design and manufacture of thrusters for producing very low thrust force in the range of milli or micro newtons using micronozzles has been actively developed in the last decade. The nature of propellant flow in such micronozzles differs from that of macro nozzles. In micronozzles, viscous effect dominates; hence the flow is always in laminar regime with high viscous losses. Objective of this ...

Phasefield Modeling of Ferroelectric Materials

Marc Kamlah
Head of the Mechanics of Materials Department, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany

Outline of presentation: theory of phase-field modeling of ferroelectric materials parameter identification in free energy density finite element implementation: PDE form weak form periodic boundary conditions: electrical mechanical domain configurations intrinsic and extrinsic contributions to small signal properties ---------------------------------- Keynote speaker's ...

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