L. P. Aoki, H. E. Schulz, M. G. Maunsell
University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
This article considers a closed water circuit with square cross section filled with an electrolyte fluid. The conductor fluid was moved using an electromagnetic pump, in which a permanent magnet generates a magnetic field and electrodes generate the electric field in the flow. Thus, the movement is a consequence of the magnetohydrodynamic (or MHD) effect. The model adopted here was derived from ...
N. Elabbasi, J. Bergstrom, and S. Brown
Veryst Engineering, LLC.
Peristaltic pumping is an inherently nonlinear multiphysics problem where the deformation of the tube and the pumped fluid are strongly coupled. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the performance of a 180 degree rotary peristaltic pump with two metallic rollers, and an elastomeric tube pumping a viscous Newtonian fluid. The model captures the peristaltic flow, the flow fluctuations ...
V. Runkana, S. Maheshwari, S. Cherlo, RSR Thavva
Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India
Polymer hydrogels are commonly used as carriers or vehicles for the controlled release of drugs, primarily because of their bio-compatibility and because rates of drug release can be controlled by manipulating polymer properties like molecular weight, cross linking ratio, etc. Drugs can be released for prolonged periods of time through polymer hydrogels [1, 2]. Sustained drug release may ...
P. Lazarou, C. Rotinat
CEA LIST/DIASI/LRI, Paris, France
A grand variety of microactuator technologies and demonstrators has been introduced during the last years. Of particular interest are the microactuators based on phase change materials and especially paraffin wax, which can volumetrically expand up to 15%, providing high force actuation. The object of this study is the numerical validation of a paraffin microactuator concept by coupling multiple ...
S. Sihn[1,2], and A.K. Roy
Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, USA
University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics was used to solve a phonon Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) for nanoscale heat transport problems. One dimensional steady-state and transient BTE problems were successfully solved based on finite element and discrete ordinate methods for spatial and angular discretizations, respectively, by utilizing the built-in feature of the COMSOL, Coefficient Form of PDE.
M. Tehler, and S. Jonsson
Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
The present work describes the first steps in creating a robust material model able to predict volume changes due to thermal expansion and phase transformations.A dilatometer test is simulated starting from room temperature, with an original microstructure constituting a mixture of ferrite and pearlite. During heating, the structure transforms to austenite, which upon quenching will transform ...
2D Axial-Symmetric Model For Fluid Flow And Heat Transfer In The Melting And Resolidification Of A Vertical Cylinder
S. Morville, M. Carin, M. Muller, M. Gharbi, P. Peyre, D. Carron, P. Le Masson, and R. Fabro
Laboratoire LIMATB, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient , France
Laboratoire PIMM, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Paris, France
Laser direct deposition is a process, different from molding or machining, which allows the producing of fully densified and operational components. This technique involves injecting metal powder through a coaxial nozzle into a melt pool obtained by a moving laser beam. The final object is obtained by superimposing the layers created by the process. The roughness of the functional part is ...
Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling of High-Aspect Ratio Nuclear Fuel Plates Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
F. Curtis, K. Ekici, J. D. Freels
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
The High Flux Isotope Reactor at the Oak Ridge National Lab is in the research stage of converting its fuel from high-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium. One of the areas being explored is the fluid-structure interaction phenomenon due to the interaction of thin fuel plates (50 mils thickness) and the cooling fluid (water). Detailed computational simulations have only recently become ...
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
A two-dimensional atrial tissue model has been constructed in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the propagation of action potential and electrograms. The model presents the atrial electrograms recorded with a mapping catheter. A 2D atrial tissue model is simulated using the Courtemanche et al. cell model equations. PDE in coefficient form was used in COMSOL Multiphysics® to reproduce ...
Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
Streamers are considered as main cause of electrical breakdown in air at atmospheric pressure. A streamer is an ionization wave propagating in neutral gas which is converted into low-temperature plasma behind its front. A streamer model is based on drift-diffusion approach where space and time evolution of densities of charge carriers is considered. It results in three convection-diffusion PDEs ...