Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of Ground Heat Exchanger for Cryogenic Applications

F. Bergeron[1], P. Pasquier[1]
[1]École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

Ground freezing techniques using liquid nitrogen are commonly used in order to increase the mechanical properties of the soils. This article presents a new ground heat exchanger using aluminum to increase the effective radius of the heat exchanger. Simulation results indicate that the current design generates a significant thermal short-circuit between the circulation pipes that must be ...

Numerical Modeling of Power Reactors' Fuel Bundles

R. Schmidt[1], T. Yousefi[2], B. Farahbaksh[2], M. Z. Saghir[2]
[1]University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA
[2]Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Fuel bundles in the CANDU (CANada Deuterium Uranium) reactor are designed for heating a pressurized coolant (heavy water) to generate electricity. The designs for the fuel bundles differ based on the number of heating elements. The flow of heavy water over the elements and inside the shell is highly turbulent. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to simulate the heavy water flow ...

Simulation of Radiation Dose from Diagnostic X-ray Beams

H. Chen-Mayer[1], R. E. Tosh[1]
[1]NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

Direct realization of absorbed dose to water in diagnostic radiation via calorimetric methods poses many challenges since the thermal signal of interest may be less than a few microKelvin. In actual biological systems or structures, like the lung, there is the additional complication of tissue heterogeneity, which introduces a quasi-random component to the dose distribution, hence to thermal ...

Evaporation Induced Convection Under a Gas Channel

H. Machrafi[1], A. Rednikov[2], P. Colinet[2], P.C. Dauby[1]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Institut de Physique, Liège, Belgium
[2]Universite Libre de Bruxelles, TIPs - Fluid Physics, Bruxelles, Belgium

This work falls into the framework of an ESA experiment, which consists of observing the behavior of patterns and structures that can be formed after instability onset in a HFE7100 liquid layer, evaporating into a nitrogen gas flow. This study is performed by a three-dimensional numerical simulation of the transient temperature and fluid motion. The results show that first several small rolls ...

Annealing Furnaces Modelisation for Photovoltaïc Applications

J. Givernaud[1]
[1]EMIX, St Maurice La Souterraine, France

The optimisation of dimensions, materials choice of heaters in annealing furnaces are done with COMSOL Multiphysics® in 2D-axisymetry. Heat losses sources are identified and corrective actions can be taken in function of simulation results. A power saving of more than 50% is achieved thanks to simulations.

Passive Thermal Control for Window Insulation - new

E. Konroyd-Bolden[1], Dr. Z. Liao[1]
[1]Department of Architectural Science, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

A requirement of the building envelope is to act as environmental separator. Energy is one component that we sometimes wish to control. How can this yield passive benefits such as solar heating? This research focuses on control of thermal radiation energy, and the role windows play as transfer medium between indoor and outdoor environments. A novel concept for passively controlling solar ...

Fresh Produce Safety During Hydrocooling: An Engineering Model - new

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Hydrocooling is the process by which warm produce is chilled with water. The chilling of warm produce generates a negative pressure differential between the produce (warm) and (cold) water due to the condensation of water vapor inside the produce which forms a vacuum and can pull in contaminated water through an opening. A porous media based model of water infiltration was developed using a ...

A Computational Study on Thermal Conductivity Measurements of High Temperature Liquid Materials - new

X. Ye[1], R. W. Hyers[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, University of Massachusetts - Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA

Accurate thermo-physical properties of materials are valuable for both scientific research and industrial applications. For high temperature liquid materials, two issues exclude traditional methods: elevated reactivity of test material and experimental apparatus, uncontrolled heat transfer through radiation and convection. Electromagetic Levitation (EML) based Modulated Calorimetry (EML-MC) ...

Computational Modeling of the Impact of Solar Irradiance on Chemical Degradation of Painted Wall Hangings in a Historical Interior - new

Z. Huijbregts[1], A. van Schijndel[1], H. Schellen[1], K. Keune[2], M. Eikema Hommes[3,4]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[2]University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
[3]Cultural Heritage Agency, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
[4]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

The historic Hofkeshuis in Almelo (The Netherlands) locates a unique work of art: three walls in the rear salon of the private house are covered with an 18th century series of painted wall hangings (Figure 1). The simple and similar pigmentation of the paintings, their original hanging, and the few cleaning interventions make it possible to use the degree of the formation of lead soaps, so ...

Modelling of a Wool Hydrolysis Reactor - new

M. Giansetti[1], A. Pezzin[1], S. Sicardi[1], G. Rovero[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The Life+ GreenWoolF project is aimed at demonstrating that green hydrolysis with superheated water is an effective way to convert wool wastes into organic nitrogen fertilizers. The core of the process is represented by the reaction tank (Figure 1) in which the hydrolyses reaction takes place. The temperature of the material during the reaction is one of the most influencing parameter and has to ...