V. Di Marcello, A. Cammi, and L. Luzzi
Department of Energy, Nuclear Engineering Division (CeSNEF), Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the coupled thermo-hydrodynamics and neutronics of circulating nuclear fuel systems in a nuclear reactor that adopts a molten salt mixture. This flows up through channels in a graphite moderated core and plays the role of both heat generator and coolant. A strongly coupled system is needed since the velocity pattern is affected by the neutron ...
F. Motte, and C. Cristofari
University of Corsica
Laboratory of Vignola
A new concept of solar water collector, highly building integrated has been developed and patented. This collector is hidden into a drainpipe and is totally invisible from the ground level. The drainpipe keeps its water evacuation function. Each installation is composed of several modules serial connected. An experimental wall has been build to test the thermal performances of the instalation ...
A. Schlott , J. Hörstmann , O. Andersen , J. Meinert ,
 Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM, Branch Lab Dresden, Dresden, Germany
 Denso Automotive Deutschland GmbH, Department Heat Exchanger Application, Eching, Germany
Latent heat storage devices use the melting enthalpy of a so-called phase change material (PCM) to store thermal energy. Open porous metals, such as 3D wire structures, allow the design of systems with tailored storage capacity and power. A geometric unit cell was identified, modelled and COMSOL Multiphysics® was used to investigate the transient behavior of the PCM melting front. By choosing ...
J. M. Dedulle , K. Ariyawong , D. Chaussende 
 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
 CNRS, Grenoble, France
Silicon carbide (SiC) single crystals are industrially produced by the physical vapor transport technique. Apart from the geometry of the growth setup, there are two main process parameters that can be controlled: temperature and pressure. To support the development of the process, numerical simulation has imposed as the only tool able to describe the process itself, providing a good evaluation ...
N. Rezaii , J. P. Mai ,
 JPM Silicon GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany
The JPM Silicon GmbH presents a novel method for the production of solar grade silicon in the microwave oven. This method can specially reduce the energy costs and increase the efficiency of the process. A numerical model is developed which depicts the physical, chemical and electromagnetic phenomena of silicon production process. In order to increase the efficiency of the system, it is ...
R. Kher , C. Gallaschun , D. Crockill , R. Pillai , ,
 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Air supply hoses are also predominantly used in the medical industry to aid in patient oxygen intake. In many situations, the outside of the hose can be contaminated with chemicals, especially if the hose lies on the ground in an environment where chemicals are easily found. Permeation and transport of chemicals into the walls of air supply hoses is a noteworthy problem in the chemical ...
L. Mongibello, N. Bianco, R. Fucci, F. Moscariello
ENEA - Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Portici, Italy
DETEC - Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
This work focuses on the numerical analysis conducted on the prototype sensor for the measurement of highly concentrated radiative heat fluxes, based on an inverse heat transfer method, realized at the ENEA Portici Research Center in collaboration with the DETEC department of the University of Naples Federico II. The estimates of highly concentrated radiative heat fluxes on the target surface of ...
S. N. Das, G. Bose
Centurion University of Technology and Managment, Jatani, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India
Institute of Technical Education and Research, SOA University, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India
This paper describes the characteristics of MEMS microchannel and various issues of its designing. Here the major parameters are pressure drop and heat transfer rate. Various structures are modeled and optimized to get a minimum pressure drop and maximum heat transfer rate. The simulation results provide the characterization for Temperature, Mass flow rate, Pressure drop and Reynolds number. ...
Modelling of a 5 Cell Intermediate Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (IT-PEFC) Stack: Analysis of Flow Configuration and Heat Transfer
A.S. Chandan, A. Mossadegh Pour, R. Steinberger-Wilckens
Centre for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) are a key technology in the advancement of society towards a low carbon future, in particular for use within the automotive sector. PEFCs are advantageous due to their low operating temperature (60-80 deg.C), quick start up times and responsiveness to load change. However, the requirement for expensive platinum, difficulty of water management and heat ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...