Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Use of Simulation in the Development of Next-generation Measurement Standards for Radiation Dosimetry

R. E. Tosh[1], H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

Calibration of field instruments used in radiation treatment clinics is currently traceable to NIST primary standards via protocols involving static, flat-field radiation beams. By contrast, radiation beams prescribed for treating cancer incorporate temporal and spatial modulation strategies in order to maximize dose to the tumor while sparing healthy tissue. Differences in the detector ...

Simulating HFIR Core Thermal Hydraulics Using 3D-2D Model Coupling

A. Travis[1], K. Ekici[1], J. Freels[2]
[1]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
[2]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

A model utilizing interdimensional variable coupling is presented for simulating the thermal hydraulic interactions of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) core at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The model’s domain consists of a three-dimensional fuel plate and a two-dimensional coolant channel slice. In simplifying the coolant channel, the computational cost and solution time are both ...

Combustion Study of DDGS Char from Steam-O2 Blown CFB Gasifier and Charcoal Using Thermogravimetric Analysis and COMSOL Multiphysics®

X. Meng[1], W. de Jong[1], A.H.M. Verkooijjen[1]
[1]TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

To obtain reliable kinetic data for the modeling of Dried Distiller’s grains with Soluble (DDGS) gasification using a 100 kWth steam-O2 blown circulating fluidized bed (CFB) gasifier, the combustion behavior of partially gasified residual DDGS char and pure charcoal as a comparison has been investigated using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Two conversion models, volume reaction model (VRM) ...

Multiphysics Approach of the Performance of a Domestic Oven

N. Garcia-Polanco[1], J. Capablo[1], J. Doyle[1]
[1]Whirlpool Corporation, Cassinetta di Biandronno (VA), Italy

The heat and mass transfer processes occurring in a domestic oven is in detailed analyzed in this work, with the final objective of improving the global energy efficiency of the system. A 3D Finite Element model developed with a Multi-physics approach is validated with the experimental data from the standard test for energy consumption of the European Union (EN 50304:2001). In this test a brick ...

Strong Localization and Rapid Time Scales of Superheating in Solid-State Nanopores - new

E. Levine[1], G. Nagashima[1], D. Hoogerheide[1], M. Burns[2], J. Golovchenko[1]
[1]Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]Rowland Institute at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA

Extreme localized superheating and homogeneous vapor bubble nucleation have recently been demonstrated in a single nanopore in thin, solid state membranes [1]. Aqueous electrolytic solution present within the pore is superheated to well above its boiling point by Joule heating from ionic current driven through the pore. Continued heating of the metastable liquid can eventually lead to explosive ...

Modeling Flow and Deformation During Salt-Assisted Puffing of Single Rice Kernels - new

T. Gulati[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Puffing of biomaterials involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large volumetric expansion of the material. Development of physics-based models that can describe heat and moisture transport, rapid evaporation and large deformations can help understand the puffing process. In this context, a fundamentals based study of salt-assisted puffing of rice is described. A multiphase model ...

Multiphysics Simulation of Polymer-Based Filters for Sub-Millimeter Space Optics - new

N. Baccichet[1], G. Savini[1]
[1]Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London, UK

Multiphysics Simulation of Polymer-Based Filters for Sub-Millimeter Space Optics This work focuses its analysis on polymer-based filters used in space-borne astronomical instrumentation for Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation and Far-Infrared observations. Most of these observatories mount quasi-optical elements made of such materials, due to their high transparency and low absorption in ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of Energy Conversion and Storage Concepts Based on Oxide Crystals - new

C. Cherkouk[1], M. Zschornak[1], J. Hanzig[1], M. Nentwich[1], F. Meutzner[1], M. Urena[1], T. Leisegang[2], D. C. Meyer[1]
[1]Institute of Experimental Physics, Technische Universität Bergakademie, Freiberg, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer-Technologiezentrum, Freiberg, Germany

A mathematical model based on a finite element method (FEM) is presented as an initial approach for a system converting waste heat energy into chemical energy. This system consists of a pyroelectric LiNbO3 plate placed into a cylinder which undergoes a laminar water flow with an appropriate periodic heat source. It solves the heat transfer equation in non-isothermal flow, where the density of ...

Study of Supercritical Coal Fired Power Plant Dynamic Responses for Grid Code Compliance - new

A. Gil-Garcia[1], I. Kings[1], B. Al-Duri[1]
[1]University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK

In clean coal technologies, improving energy conversion efficiency is one of the most important directions. Compared to traditional subcritical power plants, pressure-increased supercritical power plants improve the plant energy efficiency from 35% up to 45%. This work presents a study of the thermodynamic behaviour of the water cycle in coal-fired boilers in response to the changes in energy ...

Use of COMSOL to Estimate the Thermal Properties and Kinetic Parameters for the Degradation of Anthocyanins in Grape Pomace

D.K. Mishra[1], and K.D. Dolan[1,2]
[1] Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University
[2] Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University

Degradation of components in low-moisture and high-temperature food is difficult to model because of the temperature gradient and long heating time. A method was developed to estimate the thermal properties of grape pomace and the rate constant and activation energy of anthocyanin degredation.

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