Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification
P. Sadooghi, R. Rauch
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...
D. Groulx, F. Samara, P.H. Biwole
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Department of Mathematics and Interactions, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, France
Design of latent heat energy storage systems (LHESS) requires knowledge of heat transfer processes within them, as well as the phase change behavior of the phase change material (PCM) use. COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model (LHESS). Natural convection plays a crucial role during the charging phase of the LHESS, and methods to incorporate this heat transfer mode within COMSOL simulation ...
S. Pemberton, K. Ekici, R. Arimilli
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Perspiration during intense physical activity is an essential part of human thermoregulation. Clothing affects the cooling rate of the body. Heat and water vapor are coupled through evaporation and transported through the fabric. A model of the above system was developed for fabrics of different properties to simulate human cooling using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Equation-based modeling allows the ...
A. Almaneea, J. Summers, H. Thompson, N. Kapur
University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
The system in this study is a closed server filled with Novac dielectric cooling liquid. The aim of this study is to find out the optimum value of the fin height and the cold lid height in order to reduce CPU temperature. A mesh accuracy investigation was conducted. The model set up in this work is validated with published experiment. An Optimal Latin Hypercube design (OLH) of experiment used to ...
Computational Modeling of the Impact of Solar Irradiance on Chemical Degradation of Painted Wall Hangings in a Historical Interior - new
Z. Huijbregts, A. van Schijndel, H. Schellen, K. Keune, M. Eikema Hommes[3,4]
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Cultural Heritage Agency, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
The historic Hofkeshuis in Almelo (The Netherlands) locates a unique work of art: three walls in the rear salon of the private house are covered with an 18th century series of painted wall hangings (Figure 1). The simple and similar pigmentation of the paintings, their original hanging, and the few cleaning interventions make it possible to use the degree of the formation of lead soaps, so ...
Thermal Modeling in a Historical Building - Improving Thermal Comfort Through the Siting of a Passive Mass of Phase Change Material - new
D. Groulx, F. Herbinger, L. Desgrosseilliers
Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
A model of an office room was created in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to simulate heat transfer and study the impact of siting a mass of phase change material (PCM) in a room to increase thermal comfort. This study determined that incorporating the selected PCM, butyl stearate, in the ceiling and in the floor did not alter the temperature of the room significantly after one hour. ...
Effect of Groundwater Flow on the Subsurface Temperature within Crystalline Rocks of Southern Norway
Y. P. Maystrenko , O. Olesen ,
 Geological Survey of Norway (NGU), Trondheim, Norway
The subsurface thermal regime has been investigated in boreholes from southern Norway. During the purely conductive 2D thermal modeling, the COMSOL Heat Transfer for Solids interface has been used to simulate heat transfer by heat conduction. COMSOL physics interfaces Heat Transfer in Porous Media and Porous Media and Subsurface Flow/Darcy's Law have been used to carry out a fully coupled ...
S. Carcangiu, B. Cannas, G. Concu, N. Trulli
Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
Department of Civil Engineering, Environmental and Architecture, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
Department of Architecture and Planning, University of Sassari, Alghero, Italy
An experimental program has been developed, with the purpose of evaluating the reliability in building diagnosis and characterization of an integrated analysis of several parameters related to heat transfer process through the building material. The Infrared Thermography Technique (IRT) has been applied. Experimental measurements have been carried out on a concrete structure with an inside ...
Multiphysics Process Simulation of the Electromagnetic-Supported High Power Laser Beam Welding of Austenitic Stainless Steel
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
The application of an oscillating magnetic field on the high-power full-penetration laser beam welding process of a 20 mm thick stainless steel plate was numerically and experimentally investigated. In the simulations, three-dimensional heat transfer and fluid dynamics as well as electromagnetics were solved taking into account the most important physical effects of the process, namely the ...
C. de Jonge, M. Eggens, W. Laauwen, P. Dieleman, G. Keizer
SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Utrecht, The Netherlands
For the SAFARI Imaging Spectrometer, part of the SPICA satellite payload, a Calibration Source is under development. Challenges in the design include the low cooling power (few mW) available at cryogenic temperatures. COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations were used extensively in the design process of the calibration source, allowing optimization of the thermal, electro-magnetic and mechanical ...