J. Förster, and H. Vogt
Institute of Electronic Components and Circuits
A one-dimensional model of Excimer Laser-Annealing of amorphous silicon layers which are irradiated with a KrF excimer laser is described. For realisation, the application mode heat transfer in solids is used. The model predicts a melt threshold for the energy density of the laser of 88.5 mJ/cm^2. It also predicts a linear increase of the melt duration with a slope of approximately 625 (ns*cm^2) ...
A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®
J. Cepeda, S. Birla, J. Subbiah, H. Thippareddi
Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...
J. v. Schijndel , R. v. Eck , M. Klep ,
 Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
The paper presents a student guide on how to implement surface to surface radiation within COMSOL Multiphysics® software for case studies found within the built environment. We included four benchmarks: (1) Radiation in a triangular cavity with infinite length; (2) Radiation between two infinitely long rectangular plates; (3) Radiation in a three dimensional rectangular enclosure; (4) Radiation ...
J. H. K. Haertel , K. Engelbrecht , B. S. Lazarov , O. Sigmund ,
 Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
 Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lynby, Denmark
1. Introduction The topology optimization method is becoming increasingly popular as a design tool for multiphysics systems [1,2]. Topology optimization of fluid-thermal systems has been presented for example in  for forced convective heat transfer and in  for natural convection problems. In this work, topology optimization including density filtering and projection is applied to ...
V. Dhinakaran, S. Khope, N. S. Shanmugam , K. Sankaranarayanasamy
National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Plasma Arc Welding (PAW) is one of the important arc welding processes commonly used in electronics, medical, automotive and aerospace industries due its high accuracy, finishing, and ability of welding any hard materials. It is an extension of Tungsten Inert Gas welding (TIG or GTAW). PAW has been unnoticed because it is more complex and requires more expensive equipment compared to other ...
Numerical Study of a High Temperature Latent Heat Storage (200-300oC) Using Eutectic Nitrate Salt of Sodium Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate
C.W. Foong, J.E. Hustad, J. Løvseth, and O.J. Nydal
Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
In this study, a small scale direct solar thermal energy storage system with secondary reflector is designed and developed. The main advantage of thermal energy storage is that cooking can be carried out during the time when there is little or no sun shine. In addition, no heat transport fluid is needed in this system. A well insulated heat storage should keep the heat for about 24 hours. KNO3 ...
A. M. Melcher , C. Ziebert , B. Lei , M. Rohde , H. J. Seifert 
 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, IAM-AWP, Karlsruhe, Germany
 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
In this work the coupled electrochemical-thermal model for a lithium-ion battery (LIB) based on porous electrode theory has been extended with contributions coming from exothermic side reactions based on an Arrhenius law to model abuse mechanisms, which could lead to a thermal runaway. These extensions have been modeled with a constant fuel model and for specified current profiles and exterior ...
S. Sharma , Y. Pachuary , S. N. Akhtar , J. Ramkumar ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India
 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur, India
 Integral University, Lucknow, India
Laser drilling of titanium and its alloys is widely used in aerospace industry, as it offers selective removal of material at high accuracy and speed. However, laser drilling often inherits defects such as large heat affected zone, micro cracks and recast layer. These defects depend upon complex melting and solidification phenomena happening due to interaction of high-intensity laser with the ...
Heat Generation Modeling of Two Lithium Batteries: from the Cell to the Pack in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software
J. Stoudmann , R. Rozsnyo , T. Mackin , J. Dunning 
 Haute École du paysage, d'ingénierie et d'architecture, Genève, Switzerland
 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, USA
A thermal model to predict the heat generation during the charge and discharge of a battery pack is an essential tool to manage the thermal behavior, performance and life of the batteries. In this work, a battery cell is modeled in COMSOL Multiphysics® using the Batteries and Fuel Cells module.
D. Groulx, and R. Murray
COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model a latent heat energy storage system. A 2D numerical study was performed to simulate melting of a PCM including both conduction and convective heat transfer. The heat transfer in fluids and laminar flow physics interfaces were used. To model natural convection, proper volume force was applied to the PCM. The viscosity was input as a piecewise, continuous ...