Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

BHE Field Design by Superposition of Effects in Space and Time

S. Lazzari[1], E. Zanchini[1]
[1]DIENCA - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

A design method for BHE fields in the absence of groundwater flow is presented, based on the superposition of effects. The effects of any periodic heat load with a period of one year can be obtained by a weighted sum of the effects of a monthly unit step heat load, properly displaced in time. The interference among BHEs is evaluated by the superposition of effects in space. The result of the ...

Constraints on Ocean Floor Permeability from Hydrothermal Modelling - new

S. Titarenko[1], A. McCaig[1]
[1]School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

The Atlantis massif is a domal submarine seamount close to the mid-Atlantic Ridge at 30 °N. Close to the crest of the Massif, the Lost City hydrothermal field (LCHF) has been active for at least 120,000 years, venting fluids with a temperature of 40-90 °C. 5 km north of Lost City, a temperature profile has been measured in IODP Hole 1309D, with a near-conductive thermal gradient of ~100 °C/km ...

Coupled Gas Flow and Thermal and Reactive Transport in Porous Media for Simulating Waste Stabilization Phenomena in Semi-Aerobic Landfill

H. Ishimori, K. Endo, T. Ishigaki, H. Sakanakura, and M. Yamada
National Institute for Environmental Studies
Tsukuba, Ibaraki

Semi-aerobic landfill has interesting structure that passively provides the atmospheric oxygen into landfilled waste due to the heat convection generated by the decomposition of landfilled waste. There are limited studies on the mechanisms of the oxygen transport. This paper presents the governing equations and parameter estimation methods for the numerical simulation of the gas fluid flow and ...

Coupling COMSOL’s Subsurface Flow Module with Environmental Geochemistry in PHREEQC

L. Wissmeier[1], and D. A.Barry[2]
[1]GIT HydroS Consult GmbH, Freiburg, Germany
[2]EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland

We present a software tool for simulations of subsurface flow and solute transport in combination with comprehensive intra-phase and inter-phase geochemistry. The software uses PHREEQC as a reaction engine to COMSOL Multiphysics®. The coupling with PHREEQC gives major advantages over COMSOL’s built-in reaction capabilities, i.e., the soil solution is speciated from its element composition ...

Stabilization Time in Infiltration Test - new

A. H. Ito[1], S. R. Lautenschlager[1], J. H. C. Reis[1], A. Belincanta[1]
[1]Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil

The percolation of water into soil can be modeled considering Darcy's Law in laminar flow. In this manner the key property is the coefficient of hydraulic conductivity. Its determination can be made through laboratory or field testing. One of the most known field tests used for determination of this property is the Slug Test. This test consists of a perforated well in the ground where a known ...

Diverse Models for Graphite Brick Deformation and Stress State in UK AGR Nuclear Reactors

J. Burrow [1], A. Bond [1],
[1] Quintessa Ltd, United Kingdom

The UK Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor fleet, operated by EDF Energy, utilize a graphite core consisting of a lattice of around 3000 annular bricks. Due to irradiation, oxidation and thermal effects, the bricks deform and loose mass as they age. Of key concern is the late-life behavior of the bricks, in particular the predicted time at which brick shrinkage reverses into expansion, generating large ...

Earth Pressure as a Boundary Condition to Bridge Piers and Abutments

M. Quinn[1], D. Whitlow[1], O.D.S. Taylor[1], M.H. McKenna[1]
[1] Engineer Resource and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Bridge piers and abutments makeup the bridge substructure and transmit loads from the superstructure to the bridge foundation material (Figure 1). The bridge abutment serves three purposes: to provide vertical support to the bridge superstructure where the bridge ends, to connect the bridge with the approach roadway, and to retain roadway base materials. There are several types of abutment ...

Modeling with COMSOL the Interaction Between Subducting Plates and Mantle Flow

J. Rodríguez-González[1], A.M. Negredo[1], P. Petricca[2], and E. Carminati[2][3]

[1]Departamento de Geofísica y Meteorología, Facultad de CC. Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
[2]Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[3]Istituto Geologia Ambientale e Geoingegneria – CNR, Roma, Italy

Subduction processes have great importance as are related to volcanism and earthquake occurrence. Old and cold plates should subduct steeper than younger ones, but the subduction angle is highly variable and does not always correlate with the age of the plates. Some researchers propose a global or net westward drift of the lithosphere relative to the mantle and this assessment is still a matter ...

The Campi Flegrei Deep Drilling Project ‘CFDDP’: Understanding the Magma-water Interplay at Large Calderas

G. De Natale[1], G. Perillo[2], C. Troise[1], and P. Gasparini[3]
[1]INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy
[2]Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[3]AMRA scarl, Naples, Italy

Campi Flegrei caldera is a good example of the most explosive volcanism on the Earth, a potential source of global catastrophes. It has the advantage that the most interesting structural details and main volcanic features appear located at shallower depth, making it a natural candidate for a deep drilling project aimed to understand the volcanic structure. The CFDDP project, aims to ...

Evaluation of CO2 Leakages From An Aquifer Storage

A. Thoraval[1], R. Farret[2], A. Cherkaoui[2], and P. Gombert[2]
[1]INERIS, Nancy, France
[2]INERIS, Verneuil, France

This paper presents preliminary estimations of CO2 overpressure into the reservoir and CO2 leakage through the caprock and the overburden. A simple, two-phase flow model in porous media based on Darcy’s law was used, in order to explore easily long time periods. The models produced by COMSOL Multiphysics allow sensitivity studies and preliminary evaluations of the relations between CO2 leakage ...