Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Using COMSOL for Optimal Design of Engineering Barriers of Nuclear Waste Repositories

L.M. de Vries[1], A. Nardi[1], A.E. Idiart[1], P. Trinchero[1], J. Molinero[1], F. Vahlund[2], H. von Schenck[2]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management, Stockholm, Sweden

The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB) is responsible for final disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste. SKB operates SFR, an underground waste repository in crystalline rock. The evolution of groundwater flow within the repository needs to be estimated considering different options for the design of the engineered barriers. The goal is to predict the effects of flow and ...

Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems

K. Strehlow[1], J. Gottsmann[1], A. Rust[1]
[1]University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...

Modeling Flow Through Foam Channels

F. Rouyer, E. Lorenceau, and O. Pitois
Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux Divisés et des Interfaces, Université Paris-est, Paris, France

We model the liquid transport in foam (i.e. drainage) by unidirectional flow transverse to a triangular planar area that represents channel (i.e. Plateau borders) cross-sections. Partial mobility of the interfaces is obtained balancing the bulk viscous stress with the surface viscous stress and a velocity equal to zero is imposed at the vertices. In liquid foams, the wedges of the channels are ...

Transport in reactive porous media containing biofilms

G. Debenest, Y. Aspa, and M. Quintard
IMFT, GEMP group, Toulouse, France

The objective of this presentation is the evaluation of effective bulk transport properties of reactive porous biofilm. We present our microscale model that accounts for both momentum and mass balances.

Erosion Of Buffer Caused By Groundwater Leakages Based On ESM-Application

O. Punkkinen[1], A. Jorma[1], K. Kari[2], and M. Olin[3]
[1]B+Tech, Helsinki, Finland
[2]Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland
[3]VTT, Espoo, Finland

In this work the issue of saturation phase erosion caused by groundwater leakages was approached both experimentally and computationally by employing COMSOL\'s Earth Science Module. We evaluated the total mass of eroded bentonite out of a cylindrical erosion channel both numerically and experimentally, and studied its dependence on time. It was observed that logarithmic eroded mass loss as a ...

Modeling Pit Lake Flooding After Mine Closure

S. Jordana[1], A. Nardi[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

Most of mining works, either on the surface or in the underground, demand continuous groundwater pumping in order to operate under dry conditions. When the mining activity stops, dewatering also stops and mining facilities begin to flood, quite quickly at the beginning but becoming slower as the water level in the pit lake rises. The rise of the surface of the lake decelerates due to the bigger ...

Intraplate Stress Analysis by COMSOL Multiphysics

G. Swetha, G. Pavankumar, and A. Manglik
National Geophysical Research Institute
Andhra Pradesh, India

Mathematical modeling tools are extensively used in Geosciences to delineate the earth structure at various spatial scales as well as to simulate coupled earth processes involving multiphysics concepts. COMSOL, a Multiphysics finite element method based numerical modeling package, can be used to analyze complex systems like earth where various physical parameters are involved and ...

Estimation of Volcanic Deformation Source Parameters Through Optimization of Geodetic Data at Cotopaxi Volcano, Ecuador

J. Hickey[1], J. Gottsmann[1], P. Mothes[2]
[1]University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
[2]Instituto Geofísico, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Quito, Ecuador

Volcanic eruptions are often preceded by periods of unrest, where the behavior of the volcano deviates from a background level towards one of increasing concern [1]. Understanding what causes and contributes to unrest is a key challenge in volcanology today, influencing risk mitigation and hazard forecasting. Deformation of the volcanic edifice is one such indicator of unrest owing to a ...

Matching 4D Porous Media Fluid Flow GeoPET Data With COMSOL Multiphysics Simulation Results

J. Lippmann-Pipke, J. Kulenkampff, G. Marion, and M. Richter
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden
Rossendorf, Institut of Radiochemistry
Research Site Leipzig
Reactive Transport Division
Leipzig, Germany

We apply COMSOL Multiphysics for reproducing our experimental observations of fluid flow and transport processes in geological media. Our experimental GeoEPT-method allows the 4D monitoring of transport processes in geological material on laboratory scale. Explicitly we import “realistic structures” from geologic samples scanned by means of computer tomography (CT) as stl-files into COMSOL ...

The Campi Flegrei Deep Drilling Project ‘CFDDP’: Understanding the Magma-water Interplay at Large Calderas

G. De Natale[1], G. Perillo[2], C. Troise[1], and P. Gasparini[3]
[1]INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy
[2]Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[3]AMRA scarl, Naples, Italy

Campi Flegrei caldera is a good example of the most explosive volcanism on the Earth, a potential source of global catastrophes. It has the advantage that the most interesting structural details and main volcanic features appear located at shallower depth, making it a natural candidate for a deep drilling project aimed to understand the volcanic structure. The CFDDP project, aims to understand ...

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