Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Earthquake and Volcano Clustering at Mono Basin (California)

D. La Marra[1], A. Manconi[2], and M. Battaglia[1]
[1]Dept of Earth Sciences, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma, Italy
[2]IRPI-CNR, Strada delle Cacce, Torino, Italy

This study investigates the feedback between fault slip and dike intrusions during the Mono-Inyo eruption sequence of ~1350 A.D. (Mono Basin, California). We perform an extensive validation of 3D finite element models, implemented in the Structural Mechanics module of COMSOL Multiphysics, against standard analytical solutions of fault dislocation in a homogeneous elastic flat halfspace. The ...

Non Linear Mechanical and Poromechanical Analyses: Comparison with Analytical Solutions

M. Souley, and A. Thoraval
INERIS
Ecole des Mines
Parc de Saurupt, France

The long-term behaviour of the underground excavations is a social and economic challenge particularly in the contexts of post-mining or radioactive waste storage. Numerical modelings are currently used to understand and forecast the complex behaviour of rock mass around the underground cavities. In order to accurately perform these multiphysics modelings at high space and time scales, it is ...

Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems - new

K. Strehlow[1], J. Gottsmann[1], A. Rust[1]
[1]University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...

Coupled Models of Lithospheric Flexure and Magma Chamber Pressurization at Large Volcanoes on Venus

G. Galgana[1], P. McGovern[2], and E. Grosfils[2]

[1]Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, Texas, USA
[2]Pomona College, Claremont, California, USA

We present an implementation of the Structural Mechanics module of COMSOL Multiphysics to model the state of stress associated with the emplacement of large volcanic edifices on the surface of a planet. These finite element models capture two essential physical processes: (1) Elastic flexure of the lithosphere beneath the edifice load, and (2) Pressurization of a magma-filled chamber that serves ...

Hydro-Mechanical Coupling in Saturated and Unsaturated Soils and its Consequences on the Electrical Behaviour

G. Della Vecchia[1], R. Cosentini[1], S. Foti[1], and G. Musso[1]

[1]DISTR, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The consequences of hydromechanical coupling on the electrical conductivity of saturated and unsaturated soils are investigated experimentally and numerically. Simulations of the consolidation problem under vertical load for an elastic medium and of the coupled flow of two immiscible fluids have been performed in order to check the capability of electrical resistivity tomography to reconstruct ...

Coupled Hydro-Mechanical Analysis of Excavation Damaged Zones around an Underground Opening in Sedimentary Rock

H. Abdi[1], E. Evgin[1], M. Fall[1], T.S. Nguyen[2], and G. Su[2]
[1]University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
[2]Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, ON, Canada

A large amount of research work has been carried out in many countries to determine the viability of radioactive waste disposal in deep geological repositories. It is well known that excavation can cause damage around underground openings. On the other hand, the mechanical damage can influence the stability of the opening and the flow characteristics of the rock mass. In addition, all physical ...

Modeling Pit Lake Flooding After Mine Closure

S. Jordana[1], A. Nardi[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

Most of mining works, either on the surface or in the underground, demand continuous groundwater pumping in order to operate under dry conditions. When the mining activity stops, dewatering also stops and mining facilities begin to flood, quite quickly at the beginning but becoming slower as the water level in the pit lake rises. The rise of the surface of the lake decelerates due to the bigger ...

3D Modeling of Fracture Flow in Core Samples Using ?-CT Data

S. Hoyer[1], U. Exner[2], M. Voorn[1], A. Rath[3]
[1]Department of Geodynamics and Sedimentology, University of Vienna, Austria
[2]Museum of Natural History, Vienna, Austria
[3]OMV ESG-D Production Geology, Vienna, Austria

Knowledge on flow behavior in fractured reservoir rocks is of great interest in petroleum engineering as well as for geothermal assets. Due to the big difference of magnitude (fracture aperture: ~?m, lateral extension of reservoirs ~km), modeling of discrete fracture flow is not practicable on the reservoir scale, so a Darcy (or Brinkman) approximation has to be found. The key task is to find ...

Effect of Parallel Strip Water Source Spacing on Lateral Infiltration Flux

M. García-Serrana [1], J. L. Nieber [1], J. S. Gulliver [1],
[1] University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA

This analysis evaluates the importance of the lateral component of flow on the infiltration of water from parallel strip sources of water on the soil surface. Flow from such sources will be two-dimensional, having both vertical and lateral components. Here we examine the effect of the spacing between parallel strip sources and the texture of the soil on the rate of infiltration through a given ...

Coupling Hydrodynamics and Geophysics with COMSOL Multiphysics: First Approach and Application to Leachate Injection in Municipal Waste Landfills

C. Duquennoi[1], S. Weisse[1], R. Clement[1], and L. Oxarango[2]
[1]Cemagref, HBAN research unit, Antony, France
[2]LTHE, Grenoble, France

The efficiency of bioreactor lanfills depends on a homogeneous distribution of leachate in the waste body. Therefore, optimisation of leachate injection systems is a challenging issue for operators. Most studies have shown that surface Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) can be a suitable method to study moisture distribution (2D and 3D). But resistivity inversion models used to date are ...