Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Non Linear Mechanical and Poromechanical Analyses: Comparison with Analytical Solutions

M. Souley, and A. Thoraval
Ecole des Mines
Parc de Saurupt, France

The long-term behaviour of the underground excavations is a social and economic challenge particularly in the contexts of post-mining or radioactive waste storage. Numerical modelings are currently used to understand and forecast the complex behaviour of rock mass around the underground cavities. In order to accurately perform these multiphysics modelings at high space and time scales, it is ...

Modeling of Biocalcification in Non-Saturated Conditions

B. Courcelles [1], C. Raymond-Poirier [1],
[1] École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

In the context of increasing demographic pressures around the world, soil improvement techniques constitute viable alternatives to expensive foundations. Among these techniques, the biocalcification of granular soils appears as a promising alternative relying on the formation of calcium carbonates. The process is relatively basic and energy efficient, as based on the metabolic activity of the ...

Coupled Models of Lithospheric Flexure and Magma Chamber Pressurization at Large Volcanoes on Venus

G. Galgana[1], P. McGovern[2], and E. Grosfils[2]

[1]Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, Texas, USA
[2]Pomona College, Claremont, California, USA

We present an implementation of the Structural Mechanics module of COMSOL Multiphysics to model the state of stress associated with the emplacement of large volcanic edifices on the surface of a planet. These finite element models capture two essential physical processes: (1) Elastic flexure of the lithosphere beneath the edifice load, and (2) Pressurization of a magma-filled chamber that serves ...

Earthquake and Volcano Clustering at Mono Basin (California)

D. La Marra[1], A. Manconi[2], and M. Battaglia[1]
[1]Dept of Earth Sciences, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma, Italy
[2]IRPI-CNR, Strada delle Cacce, Torino, Italy

This study investigates the feedback between fault slip and dike intrusions during the Mono-Inyo eruption sequence of ~1350 A.D. (Mono Basin, California). We perform an extensive validation of 3D finite element models, implemented in the Structural Mechanics module of COMSOL Multiphysics, against standard analytical solutions of fault dislocation in a homogeneous elastic flat halfspace. The ...

Oscillatory Thermal Response Test (OTRT) – An Advanced Method for Gaining Thermal Properties of the Subsurface

P. Oberdorfer[1]
[1]Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Thermal Response Tests (TRTs) are the state-of-the-art method to obtain the thermal conductivity of the subsurface in the nearby ambience of a borehole heat exchanger (BHE). The results of TRTs are used to determine the necessary depth of the borehole and to make long time predictions about the potential of heat extraction. For a TRT, a constant heat load is injected into the subsurface and the ...

COMSOL Modeling of a Submarine Geothermal Chimney

M. Suárez [1], and F. Samaniego [2]
[1]Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
[2]Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico

New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...

Finite-Element Evaluation of Thermal Response Tests Performed on U-Tube Borehole Heat Exchangers

E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.

Safe Storage Parameters During CO2 Injection Using Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanical Analysis

T.I. Bjørnarå[1], E. Aker[1], and E. Skurtveit[1]
[1]NGI, Oslo, Norway

Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...

Elasto-Plastic FEM Models Explain the Emplacement of Shallow Magma Intrusions in Volcanic Complexes

A. Bistacchi[1]
[1]Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca, Milano, Italy

We present numerical models and field data that aid understanding of volcano-tectonic processes related to the propagation of inclined sheets and dykes under a stress field resulting from the inflation of a shallow magma chamber. Structural field data from the classical Cuillins cone-sheet complex (Isle of Skye) show that sheets have a constant average dip angle (45°), with pure dilational or ...

Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems - new

K. Strehlow[1], J. Gottsmann[1], A. Rust[1]
[1]University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...