W. Clark, and M. Lindblad
Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
Two-phase electrophoresis is a separation method that combines aqueous two-phase partitioning with electrophoresis and has promise for large scale recovery of biological products. Aqueous two-phase systems formed by adding two polymers, like dextran and polyethylene glycol, to water provide some separation of dissolved species due to differences in solubility of solutes between the phases. ...
G. Jovonavic, J. Jones, and A. Yokochi
School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA
This paper describes the benefits of computational fluid dynamics in the development of a microreactor used in the desulfurization of aromatic compounds. It is crucial to verify diffusion and extinction coefficients to ensure accurate simulation results prior to experiments. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to model the behavior of all of the possible species present and reactions that may occur.
COMSOL Multiphysics for Efficient Solution of a Transient Reaction-Diffusion System with Fast Reaction
M.K. Gobbert, A. Churchill, G. Wang, and T.I. Seidman
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
A reaction between chemical species is modeled by a particular reaction pathway, in which one reaction is very fast relative to the other one. The diffusion controlled reactions of these species together with a reaction intermediate are described by a system of three transient reaction diffusion equations over a two-dimensional spatial domain. In the asymptotic limit of the reaction parameter ...
N. Londhe, R. Majumdar, J. Rathore, and N. Sharma
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Birla Institute of Technology and Science
Nanorobots may be used in the advancement of medical technology, healthcare, and environment monitoring by swimming in biological fluids flowing in narrow channels of a few hundred nanometers in the area of bio-medical engineering. The pronounced effects in nanometer scale such as increased apparent viscosity and low Reynolds number make the designing of propulsion mechanism a challenging ...
Development of a Multiphase, Multispecies Droplet Evaporation Model for Optimization of Desiccation Preservation Techniques
A. Sinkevich, S. Bhowmick , M. Raessi
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA, USA
Biopreservation deals with the protection and storage of complex biologics such as proteins, lipids, and recently, mammalian cells. One preservation method, known as lyopreservation, involves placing a biologic inside a water droplet with some type of sugar excipient (sucrose, trehalose, etc.) and drying the solution convectively. We are currently developing a model that couples the two-phase ...
H. Ali Akhlaghi Amiri
University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
Wettability affects two-phase displacements in porous media by determining the microscopic distribution of fluids in pore spaces. The impact of wettability on transport properties at macro-scales has been widely addressed in literature; however a deeper understanding of wettability effects demands pore-level investigations which are still limited. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics® software ...
Trapping DNA Molecules in Fluids Using Electrokinetic Effects Generated by Different Electrode Geometries
S. Ghonge, S. Kapur , S. Banerjee
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani - Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
In this paper we present results of simulations done to predict the behavior of a system consisting of DNA molecules in an aqueous medium under the combined effect of AC Electroosmosis and Dielectrophoresis (DEP). ACEO is caused by the movement of fluid particles under the influence of the electric field. DEP is caused by polarization of the DNA particle. Two different electrode geometries ...
D. Baldissin and D. Lombardo
Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy
A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...
P. Sharma, S. K. Dash, B. K. Nashine, S. S. Kumar, R. Veerasamy, B. Krishnakumar, P. Kalyanasundaram, and G. Vaidyanathan
 Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu
Sodium is used as a coolant in Fast Breeder Reactors. Eddy Current Flowmeter (ECFM) is used for measurement of sodium flow in the primary pump and at the outlet of the subassemblies. Eddy Current Flowmeter (ECFM) works on the principle of change in the magnetic field profile due to induced eddy currents as a result of sodium flow. It consists of a central primary winding, energized from an A.C. ...
M. Hackert, G. Meichsner, S.F. Jahn, and A. Schubert
Chemnitz University of Technology, Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology Chemnitz, Germany
Electrochemical Machining is a potential procedure for micro manufacturing technology. Especially the absence of machining forces makes it advantageous for processing metals with high hardness and for the generation of complicated geometries. Applying a closed electrolytic free jet (Jet Electrochemical Machining - Jet-ECM) the electric current is restricted to a limited area. That allows working ...