Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Microscale Modelling of the Frequency Dependent Resistivity of  Porous Media

J. Volkmann, O. Mohnke, N. Klitzsch, and R. Blaschek
E.ON Energy Research Center, RWTH-Aachen, Aachen, Germany

The frequency dependent electrical impedance of porous media is studied by modelling the charge transport in the electrolyte filled pore space using COMSOL Multiphysics.  The corresponding experimental method, called Spectral Induced Polarization (or Impedance Spectroscopy), shows a frequency dependent phase shift between a measured electric current and an applied alternating voltage. It is ...

Convergence Rates For Models With Coupled 1D / 2D Subdomains

A. Bradji[1], E. Holzbecher[2], and M.S. Litz[2]
[1]Department of Mathematics, University of Annaba, Algeria
[2]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany

It is well known that the convergence rate of a numerical model is significantly reduced, when the genuine character of the setting with differential equation and boundary condition is not given anymore. Here we examine the decrease of convergence order for models using COMSOL in which the problem set-up includes a coupling between a 1D and a 2D subdomain. In terms of physics we are dealing with ...

Modeling of Expanding Metal Foams

B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno[3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming process ...

Modeling Bioclogging Effects in Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment

R. Samso[1], N. Forquet[2], P. Molle[2], J. Garcia[1]
[1]Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
[2]IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France

Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...

稳态磁场对激光熔凝熔池的抑制作用研究

王梁[1], 胡勇[1]
[1]浙江工业大学,杭州,浙江,中国

激光熔凝通常被作为材料表面的最终处理工艺,然而激光熔凝处理后,材料表面容易出现高低起伏的波纹,降低了其表面质量。因此,为了在激光熔凝处理后获得平整的表面,同时降低后续机加工所需的成本和时间,本文提出了利用稳态磁场抑制激光所致熔池运动的方法。以固液相变统一模型为基础,

Bio-Effluents Tracing in Ventilated Aircraft Cabins

G. Petrone[1], L. Cammarata[1], and G. Cammarata[1]
[1]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) are issues of very high interest, determining comfortable conditions for occupants and no-contaminated local atmosphere. The aircraft cabins are more confined and have a higher occupant density than other indoor environments such as offices or residential houses. The passengers and the crew share a closed and ventilated cabin, which brings potential risk ...

Reactor Design Improvements for a Propane Autothermal Reformer by Simulation of Momentum Flow

F. Cipitì, L. Pino, A. Vita, M. Laganà, and V. Recupero
CNR-ITAE, Messina

The paper presents a two-dimensional model to describe the gas flow in a propane autothermal reactor, developed at the CNR-ITAE Institute, and aimed to design a Beta 5 kWe hydrogen generator, named HYGen II, to be used with Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) for residential applications. The main aim of the mathematical model was to optimize the reactor geometrical key parameters (diameter ...

Simplified 2D and 3D Models of Coating Formation: Application to Plasma Sprayed Zirconia

K. Fataoui1, B. Pateyron1, M. El Ganaoui1, M. Amara1, H. Rhanim2, and A. Belafhal2
1Université de Limoges, Limoges, France
2Faculté des Sciences, Université Chouaib Doukkali, El Jadida, Marocco

Since the nineties many works have been dedicated to splat formation modeling. The main part of these works takes into account the molten droplet impact onto a flat surface, its flattening and solidification.The aim of this work is to test if a simplified model in 2D allows to characterize the real contact between the splat and the substrate and to compare the results of the experiments and the ...

Dual Solutions for Viscous Mixed Convection Flows in a Vertical Circular Duct: A Numerical Benchmark

S. Lazzari1, A. Barletta1 , E. Magyari1,2, and F. Piccinini3
1Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale (DIENCA), University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
2Institute of Building Technology, ETH - Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
3Biomedical Engineering, Engineering School of Cesena, Cesena, Italy

Forced and free convection flow in a vertical isothermal circular duct is studied by taking into account the internal heating due to viscous dissipation. The momentum and energy balance equations lead to a nonlinear boundary value problem that is solved numerically by means of the finite-element software COMSOL Multiphysics.For any prescribed value of the average velocity smaller than a maximum, ...

Benchmark Comparison of Natural Convection in a Tall Cavity

H. Dillon[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA

A comparison of the commercial code COMSOL is performed with the bench-mark solutions provided by the literature for a tall, differentially heated rectangular cavity for aspect ratios of 8, 15, 20, and 33. At small Rayleigh numbers the flow is dominated by conduction. As the Rayleigh number is increased the flow becomes unstable, first resulting in multicellular secondary flow patterns, and then ...

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