Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.
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An Overview of Impellers, Velocity Profile and Reactor Design - new

P. Patel[1], P. Vaidya[1], G. Singh[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Faridabad, Haryana, India

This paper presents a simulation approach to develop a model for understanding the mixing phenomenon in a stirred vessel. The mixing in the vessel is important for effective chemical reaction, heat transfer, mass transfer and phase homogeneity. In some cases, it is very difficult to obtain experimental information and it takes a long time to collect the data. Such problems can be solved using ...

Charge-Discharge Studies of Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries

A. K. R. Paul [1], R. D. Pal [2],
[1] CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

A lithium-ion battery comprises of two intercalating electrodes separated by a membrane, sandwiched between aluminum and copper current collecting plates. The battery performance depends upon several parameters and its operating conditions. In this work we developed a model for a lithium iron phosphate battery and validated our results with experimental charge-discharge curves. We however note ...

Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new

A. Dixon[1], B. MacDonald[1], A. Olm[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...

Modeling Transient Adsorption/Desorption Behavior in a Gas Phase Photocatalytic Fiber Reactor

S. Denys [1], J. Van Walsem [1],
[1] Sustainable Energy, Air & Water Technology, Department of Bioscience Engineering, University of Antwerp, Belgium

Integration or retrofitting of photocatalytic air purifying units into HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) equipment is an interesting approach for abating indoor air pollution and removal of volatile organic compounds. An attractive possibility is the use of glass fiber filter mats, coated with a photocatalyst. The thin, long fibers not only offer the advantage of exposing a large ...

Combining Multiphysics Modeling and Solution Thermodynamics Using M4Dlib, an External Library

T. Marin-Alvarado [1],
[1] M4Dynamics, Toronto, ON, Canada

An external library, M4Dlib [1], has been developed to solve multiphysics problems coupled to solution thermodynamics. This approach extends the local equilibrium concept[2] to multiphysics modeling by incorporating a full Gibbs energy minimization routine at each numerical node to calculate the equilibrium based on global temperature, enthalpy or concentration conditions (Figure 1). The ...

CAE-Based Design and Optimization of a Plasma Reactor for Hydrocarbon Processing

C. Soares [1], F. A. Cassini [1], N. Padoin [1],
[1] Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Plasma reactors can be applied to the conversion of waste, biomass and fuels to synthesis gas (mixture of hydrogen and carbon dioxide) with efficiencies as higher as 90-95% and low energy demand, depending on the design optimization. In this work, a multi-step approach was applied to the investigation of the main physics involved in a rotating gliding arc (RGA) discharge reactor. COMSOL ...

Two-Dimensional Simulation of All-Solid-State Lithium-ion Batteries

L. Tong [1],
[1] Keisoku Engineering System Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan

There is great interest in developing all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries. They are ideal micro-power sources for many applications in portable electronic devices, electric vehicles and biomedical engineering. It is known that all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries are often fabricated by thin film methods, with thicknesses in the range of a few micrometers. Since porous electrodes are not ...

Model of Heat and Mass Transfer with Moving Boundary During Roasting of Meat in Convection-Oven

A.H. Feyissa[1], J. Adler-Nissen[1], and K.V. Gernaey[2]
[1]Food Production Engineering, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

A 2D mathematical model of coupled heat and mass transfer describing oven roasting of meat was formulated from first principles. The current formulation of model equations incorporates the effect of shrinkage phenomena and water holding capacity. The model equations are based on conservation of mass and energy. The pressure driven transport of water in meat is expressed using Darcy’s equation. ...

Comparison of Diffusion Flux Models for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

A. Nanduri [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

The Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) is a highly exothermic condensation polymerization reaction of syngas (CO+H2) in the presence of Fe/Co/Ru-based catalysts to produce a wide range of paraffins, olefins and oxygenates, the latter of which is often called syncrude. Multi-Tubular Fixed Bed Reactors (MTFBR) and Slurry Bubble Column reactors (SBCR) are widely employed for FTS processes [1]. To ...

Modeling and Simulation of Hydration Operation of Date Palm Fruits Using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Curet [1], A. Lakoud [2], M. Hassouna [2]
[1] L’UNAM Université, ONIRIS, CNRS, GEPEA, Nantes, France
[2] Ecole Supérieure des Industries Alimentaires de Tunis, Tunis El Khadra, Tunisie

The control of the hydration during the thermal process of dates is crucial in order to save energy and to obtain a good quality for the final product. In this work, a theoretical model was developed in COMSOL Multiphysics software to describe the mass transfer phenomena involved in this operation. The model allowed to estimate both moisture diffusivity and convective mass transfer coefficient ...