L. R. de Souza Jr., L. Lorenz
Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
In the core of Chemical Engineering is the reactor design that includes most of all scientific disciplines. The reactors, in general, are treated ideally. Unfortunately, it is observed in the real world a very different behavior from that expected. Thus, to characterize nonideal reactors is used, among others, residence time distribution function E(t). The aim of this present work is to ...
E. Lacatus , G. C. Alecu , A. Tudor ,
 Politehnica University of Bucharest, București, Romania
At the forefront of a new generation of sensors graphene and graphene composite materials are intensively studied for medical and biosensing applications. The outstanding electrical, mechanical and quantum properties of graphene make them a promising material solution to overlap the existing gap between biological and non-biological systems into a continuum like-viscoelastic integrated model. ...
S. Jin, J. McReynolds, X. Li, J. Guan
Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Currently, researchers are looking for ways to mass-produce biologically functional pancreatic beta cells in vitro because of the shortage of donor tissue needed for diabetes cell therapy. The beta cells will become hypoxic if their high oxygen demands are not met. We hypothesized that the biological function of beta cells can be improved if they are cultured in a 3D collagen scaffold, which ...
A. K. R. Paul , R. D. Pal ,
 CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
A lithium-ion battery comprises of two intercalating electrodes separated by a membrane, sandwiched between aluminum and copper current collecting plates. The battery performance depends upon several parameters and its operating conditions. In this work we developed a model for a lithium iron phosphate battery and validated our results with experimental charge-discharge curves. We however note ...
L. T. Izu, Z. Coulibaly, B. Peercy
University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA
University of Maryland, Catonsville, MD, USA
This paper utilizes the COMSOL Multiphysics® general form PDE interface and MATLAB® to model stochastic calcium waves in a sarcomere (basic unit of a heart cell). The model we present here shows the evolution of waves generated from calcium being released stochastically from sites modeled as point sources. The release sites are distributed on z-disc (planes) in a hexagonal pattern, and their ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of 3D Single-Phase Transport in a Random Packed Bed of Spheres - new
Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
Packed beds are important in the chemical industries. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can simulate detailed flow and scalar transport in packed beds for improved understanding and quantitative information. We present simulations of single-phase gas flow, conjugate heat transfer and isothermal dispersion of mass in a 3D model of a randomly-packed bed (tube-to-particle diameter ratio = 5.96) of ...
A. Nagaraj , P. L. Mills ,
 Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
H2SO4 is a very important chemical commodity, and indeed, a nation’s H2SO4 production has been a reasonably good indicator of its industrial strength for the last century or so1,2. Nearly 350 MM tons of H2SO4 was produced in 20143.The demand for H2SO4 in United States exceeds the supply and hence to increase production, recycling and innovative clean technologies must be explored. From ...
E. Licon, S. Casas, A. Alcaraz, J.L. Cortina, C. Valderrama
Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
Ammonia separation from water by membrane contactor was simulated on transient state and compared with experimental data. Aqueous low concentrated solution of ammonium with high pH has been pumped inside the hydrophobic hollow fibers, acid solution in the outside part. The system is in closed loop configuration. In order to simulate the separation process, equations were developed considering ...
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
In this paper a new method for turbulent combustion modeling is introduced in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The method is called Flamelet Generated Manifolds (FGM). The method is based on the concept of flamelets, elemental reaction layers in combustion. The only hypothesis is that the turbulent combustion takes place in the Thin Reaction Zones regime (TRZ). A regime that normally is the case in gas ...
P. Patel, P. Vaidya, G. Singh
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Faridabad, Haryana, India
This paper presents a simulation approach to develop a model for understanding the mixing phenomenon in a stirred vessel. The mixing in the vessel is important for effective chemical reaction, heat transfer, mass transfer and phase homogeneity. In some cases, it is very difficult to obtain experimental information and it takes a long time to collect the data. Such problems can be solved using ...