Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Electrical Response and Thermal Damage Assessment of Cutaneous and Subcutaneous Tissues to Noninvasive Radiofrequency Heating: A Computational Modeling Study

A. González-Suárez[1,2], J. N. Jimenez-Lozano[3], W. Franco[1]
[1]Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital & Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
[2]Biomedical Synergy, Electronic Engineering Department, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, Spain
[3]ZELTIQ Aesthetics, Inc., Pleasanton, CA, USA

Electromagnetic radiofrequency (RF) sources are widely used to heat up cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues. The subcutaneous morphology of tissue consists of a fine, collagenous and fibrous septa network enveloping clusters of adipocyte cells; however, it is commonly regarded as a homogeneous fat layer in computational models. In the present study the objective is to assess the effect of the ...

Analysis of Heat Transfer in a Complex Three Dimensional Structure Fabricated by Additive Manufacturing - new

C. Settle[1], K. Hoshino[1]
[1]Biomedical Engineering Department, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA

The goal of this study was to create a three dimensionally designed biomedical device with multiple functionalities and analyze its simulated heat transfer. The device would be fabricated through additive manufacturing; specifically electron beam melting (EBM). EBM has a feature size constraint of 1 mm (acceptable for this design) and is only capable of manufacturing titanium alloys [2]; a ...

Design of Multiple Ground System for Maternal Defibrillation - new

A. Jeremic[1], E. Khoshrowshahli[2]
[1]Electrical & Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
[2]Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

Although cardiac arrest may be statistically insignificant event financial and more important emotional costs in such cases are quite devastating. In this paper we study the effects of multiple grounding pads. Namely, we believe that by placing multiple pads in the lower abdominal part we would be able to decrease the current density that would be dissipated to fetus and amniotic ...

Analyzing Drug Delivery and Osteoblast Growth on a Porous Scaffold in a Perfusion Bioreactor

A. Sun, and S. Murray
Dept. of Biomedical Engineering
UCLA, Los Angeles, CA

Implantable Collagen sponges are used in Spinal Surgery as Drug Delivery Scaffolds. An optimal concentration of growth factor that strikes a balance between bone growth and adverse diffusion effects is difficult to find. The porous sponge also serves as a scaffold for Osteoblast growth, and fluid shear has been shown to mediate biological effects on that cell type. We use COMSOL Multiphysics ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Model of Canine Elbow for Use in Investigating Medial Coronoid Disease

K. A. Bodnyk[1], G. J. Noble[1], N. Fitzpatrick[2], M. J. Allen[3], K. Stephenoff[1], R. T. Hart[1]
[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
[2]Fitzpatrick Referrals, Godalming, Surrey, United Kingdom
[3]Department of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

The elbow joint in dogs constitutes a complex interaction of three bones, the humerus, radius and ulna. Medial coronoid disease (MCD) is a common cause of lameness in dogs, i.e. fracturing of the most prominent portion of the ulnar joint surface driven in flexion and in pivot against both the humerus and the radius. The cause remains unknown, but prior studies suggest joint incongruency as an ...

Can Oscillatory Convection Accelerate Signal Propagation in Simple Epithelium?

M. Nebyla[1], M. Pribyl[1]
[1]Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Department of Chemical Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic

We introduce a mathematical model of signal transmission in simple epithelial layers. The mathematical model consists of reaction-transport equations for extracellular ligands, cellular receptors, ligand-receptor complexes and a ligand releasing protease. We consider diffusion and nonstationary convective transport of protein ligands in the extracellular space. The study was carried out using ...

Thermal-Optical Modeling of a Signal Enhancement Approach for Paper-Based Diagnostics

D. Gasperino [1]
[1] Intellectual Ventures Laboratory, Bellevue, WA, USA

INTRODUCTION: Point of care diagnostics aimed at low-resource settings need to be relatively simple, robust and low-cost. The most commonly-used diagnostic platform in these settings is the lateral flow assay (LFA). LFAs are paper-based immunoassays designed to perform on-strip binding with analytes in patient samples in order to generate a visual signal if disease-specific antigen is ...

Simulation of Convection in Water Phantom Induced by Periodic Radiation Heating

H.H. Chen-Mayer[1], and R. Tosh[1]
[1]Ionizing Radiation Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA

Water calorimetry is employed to establish a primary reference standard for radiation dosimetry by measuring the temperature rises in a water phantom (a cube of about 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm) subjected to a beam of ionizing radiation.  We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model the system using the Heat Transfer module and the Incompressible Navier-Stokes module with a geometry of 2D-axial ...

Coupled Fluid-Structural Analysis of Heart Mitral Valve

A. Avanzini, and G. Donzella
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy

The mitral valve apparatus is a complex and refined mechanism located between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart which can manifest various kinds of pathologies. In order to support identification of potentially critical conditions resulting from some typical cardiosurgery operations, it is important to develop models of the mitral valve that enable prediction of both stress in ...

Extending Engineering Simulations to Scientists: Food Safety and Quality Prediction Using COMSOL Multiphysics® and LiveLink™ for Excel®

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

The objective of this study was to develop an easy to use interface in Excel® that connects to not only the solvers in COMSOL Multiphysics®, but also existing databases of food properties, foodborne pathogenic microorganisms kinetics, and chemical kinetics, creating a comprehensive simulation software to predict food safety and quality. The user interface allows the user to select the food, ...