A. González-Suárez, M. Trujillo, J. Koruth, A. D'Avila, E. Berjano
Biomedical Synergy, Electronic Engineering Department,Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Instituto Universitario de Matemática Pura y Aplicada, Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Helmsley Cardiac Electrophysiology Center, Mt SinaiMedicalCenter and School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
Previous studies proposed using bipolar radiofrequency ablation across two catheters placed on opposing surfaces of the ventricular wall to create transmural lesions. 2D and 3D models were built and solved with COMSOL Multiphysics software. With these models, it was possible to study the temperature distribution and lesion geometry (Figure), to compare the potential of two ways of applying ...
Simulations of Heat and Mass Transport During Biomass Conversion Processes Using 3D Biomass Particle Models with Realistic Morphology and Resolved Microstructure
P. Ciesielski, M. Crowley, L. Thompson, B. Donohoe, D. Robichaud, A. Sanders, M. Nimlos, T. Foust
Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
Quantum Electronics & Photonics Division, National Institute of Standards & Technology, Boulder, CO, USA
Predictive simulations of biomass conversion processes will improve their technical performance and reduce economic uncertainty surrounding industrialization of biofuels production. The majority of present conversion simulations treat the biomass feedstock with simplifying assumptions that neglect important characteristics that are unique to biomass particles. These characteristics, including ...
R. Samso, N. Forquet, P. Molle, J. Garcia
Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France
Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...
G. Neves, D. Suzuki, J. Alvim, M. Rangel
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil
Vet Câncer Oncologia Veterinária, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
A eletroquimioterapia é um tratamento de câncer que utiliza a combinação de agentes quimioterápicos e campos elétricos. A base teórica por trás dessa aplicação é a eletroporação. Esse fenômeno biológico consiste na abertura de poros na membrana celular devido à aplicação de pulsos elétricos. Este trabalho analisa o comportamento do campo elétrico gerado por pulsos ...
Christ University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Fluorescence Diffuse Optical Tomography (FDOT) uses Near Infra-Red (NIR) light to monitor physiological changes in internal organs. NIR light being less energetic in nature can be used for continuous monitoring of tumor infected biological tissue, neonatal brain and many such applications where high energy radiation can cause severe damage. In this paper, a comparative study on the 3D modeling ...
Image-Based Simulation of Electrical Impedance Techniques Applied on the Human Thorax for Cardio-Pulmonary Applications
F.K. Hermans, R.M. Heethaar, R.T. Cotton, and A. Harkara
VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Simpleware Ltd., Exeter, United Kingdom
For medical diagnostic purposes there is an increasing need for non- (or minimal) invasive techniques to measure all kinds of parameters that can provide insight in the functioning of cells, organs or organ systems. Currently, Impedance Cardiography (ICG) is used for measurements of the heart and Electric Impedance Tomography (EIT) is used for investigating lung tissue condition. This paper ...
In this presentation we outline our recent work on Magnetic Liquids, and the great number of application areas these are used. Ferrofluids are nanometer sized magnetic particles, covered by a surfactant, suspended in a carrier medium compatible with the surfactant material. Ferrofluids are applicable to a great and ever increasing number of application areas, such as: • Liquid Seals and ...
Analytical Methods for Reducing the Number of Independent Parameters Required to Model the Vocal Folds
D. D. Cook1, E. Nauman1, and L. Mongeau2
1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada
Mechanical tissue properties are required for reliable numerical models of the vocal folds. In this study, criteria for determining the compatibility of tissue property values obtained from independent studies are presented.Two methods for reducing the number of independent material parameters are given. The errors introduced by these assumptions were quantified by performing a modal analysis on ...
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
We are developing approximations of electrically anisotropic materials for use in novel imaging methods. Our modeling work in COMSOL comprises comparisons of anisotropic and layered models in terms of electrical conductivities measured using different strategies. We tested solution stability in one anisotropic case by varying mesh anisotropy. In our case, good approximations to the true ...
J.L. Smart, and M. Kaliszan
University of Kentucky, Paducah, KY, USA
Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.0 was used to study conductive and convective heat transfer from the human eyeball to the surrounding air. Postmortem temperature decay curves were collected in eyeballs of numerous human corpses. Of course, these curves represent only a portion of the complete temperature decay curve, since the pathologist is able to start collecting temperature data only after some ...