Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

An Efficient Finite Element Analysis on an RF Structure Used to Evaluate the Effect of Microwave Radiation on Uveal Melanoma Cells

A. Dulipovici[1], D. Roman[2], I. Stiharu[2], and V. Nerguizian[1]

[1]École de technologie supérieure, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
[2]Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

The use of Microwave/RF energy on cancer cells is explored for tumor ablation using medium power level ranging between a few Watts to about 50 Watts. In this research, low power levels, less than 100 mWatt, are used to evaluate the effect of this energy on Uveal melanoma cells by proliferation tests. The COMSOL simulation of the RF structure used to evaluate the radiation energy on ...

An Inverse Model for Estimating Arterial Wall Elasticity using the Immersed Boundary Method

A. Jeremic, and T. Gadkari
McMaster Univerisity, Hamilton, ON, Canada

In this paper, we develop an inverse finite-element model for estimating elasticity of the arterial wall. We model the blood flow using COMSOL’s Structural Mechanics module, and use the resulting nonlinear functions corresponding to the Navier-Stokes equations in the presence of elastic (immersed) boundary in formulating the cost function.We derive the corresponding least-squares and maximum ...

Coupled Fluid-Structural Analysis of Heart Mitral Valve

A. Avanzini, and G. Donzella
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy

The mitral valve apparatus is a complex and refined mechanism located between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart which can manifest various kinds of pathologies. In order to support identification of potentially critical conditions resulting from some typical cardiosurgery operations, it is important to develop models of the mitral valve that enable prediction of both stress in ...

Electrical Stimulation of Brain using a realistic 3D Human Head Model: Improvement of Spatial Focality

A. Datta, M. Elwassif, and M. Bikson

Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of the CUNY, New York, NY, USA

We calculated the spatial distribution of the electric fields induced in the brain during transcranial current stimulation (TCS). The spatial focality obtained using ‘concentric-ring’ configurations is investigated using a realistic MRI derived 3D finite element model of the human head. Two disc electrode configurations were simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. The distant-bipolar ...

The Effect of Cartilaginous Rings on Deposition by Convection, Brownian Diffusion and Electrostatics

H. Akerstedt
Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden

This paper presents a numerical study of the deposition of spherical charged nanoparticles caused by convection and Brownian diffusion in a pipe with a cartilaginous ring structure. The model is supposed to describe deposition of charged particles in the upper generations of the tracheobronchial tree of the human lung. The upper airways are characterized by a certain wall structure called ...

Energy Harvesting from Variation in Blood Pressure through Deformation of Arterial Wall using Electro-magneto-hydrodynamics

A. Pfenniger[1], V.M. Koch[2], A. Stahel[2], and R. Vogel[1]
[1]ARTORG Cardiovascular Engineering, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
[2]Bern University of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Information Technology, Biel, Switzerland

The present project aims at modelling a generator that harvests energy from the variation in blood pressure by exploiting the motion of the arterial wall between the diastolic and systolic phase of the cardiac cycle. The concept is to use a highly electrically conductive fluid, which is driven by the motion of the arterial wall within a separate compartment outside the artery. A constant magnetic ...

Simulating Organogenesis in COMSOL

D. Iber, D. Menshykau, and P. Germann
ETH Zürich
Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering
Basel, Switzerland

Organogenesis is a tightly regulated process that has been studied experimentally for decades. Computational models can help to integrate available knowledge and to better understand the underlying regulatory logic. We are currently studying mechanistic models for the development of limbs, lungs, kidneys, and bone. We have tested a number of alternative methods to solve our spatio-temporal ...

Simulation of a Magnetic Induction Method for Determining Passive Electrical Property Changes of Human Trunk Due to Vital Activities

H. Mahdavi[1], J. Rosell Ferrer[1]
[1]Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

The human body consists of many different types of tissues each with specific passive electrical properties. Vital activities lead to a characteristic change of these properties and geometrical changes. Magnetic induction is a non-contact method which can be used to determine these changes. The method is based on the creation of a primary magnetic field that will produce eddy currents in the ...

An Assessment of the Suitability of the Body and Adult Head Coils for Transmission during Paediatric Magnetic Resonance Imaging

G.R. Cook[1], M.J. Graves[1], F.J. Robb[2], D.J. Lomas[1]
[1]Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
[2]General Electric Healthcare Coils, Aurora, Ohio, USA

MRI offers many advantages over other modalities and its lack of ionizing radiation is important for children, but can be limited by the radio-frequency (RF) coils available. This work calculates Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and homogeneity of the RF transmit field (B1+) when imaging infants in adult coils. Two birdcage-type coils were loaded by a tissue model and their B1+ homogeneities ...

Simulation of Cellular Traction Force Based Deflection of PDMS Micropillars - new

J. Wala[1], D. Maji[1], S. Dhara[1], S. Das[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India

Cells are complex entities which not only passively sense external stimuli (viz. chemical, optical or mechanical) but also interact with extracellular matrix (ECM) by regulating cellular behavior such as growth, proliferation, migration, etc. Monitoring cell growth and migration of adherent cells becomes a crucial factor in determining cell-cell and cell-substrate interaction, important for ...

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