Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulations of Heat and Mass Transport During Biomass Conversion Processes Using 3D Biomass Particle Models with Realistic Morphology and Resolved Microstructure - new

P. Ciesielski[1], M. Crowley[1], L. Thompson[1], B. Donohoe[1], D. Robichaud[2], A. Sanders[3], M. Nimlos[2], T. Foust[2]
[1]Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[2]National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[3]Quantum Electronics & Photonics Division, National Institute of Standards & Technology, Boulder, CO, USA

Predictive simulations of biomass conversion processes will improve their technical performance and reduce economic uncertainty surrounding industrialization of biofuels production. The majority of present conversion simulations treat the biomass feedstock with simplifying assumptions that neglect important characteristics that are unique to biomass particles. These characteristics, including ...

Computational Design and Optimization of Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffold Topology

N. P. Uth [1], J. Mueller [2], B. Smucker [3], A. Yousefi [1],
[1] Department of Chemical, Paper, and Biomedical Engineering, Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA
[2] Research Computing Support, Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA
[3] Department of Statistics, Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA

Introduction: Bone tissue has a limited ability for regeneration; critically sized defects cannot self-heal and require medical intervention. Bone tissue engineering (TE) circumvents this issue by growing replacement bone tissue from the patient’s own cells inside scaffolds. TE scaffolds are porous constructs that act as a support structure during bone regeneration and helps cells attach and ...

Modeling Interface Response in Cellular Adhesion

G. Megali[1], D. Pellicanò[1], M. Cacciola[1], F. Calarco[1], D. De Carlo[1], F. Laganà[1], and F.C. Morabito[1]

[1]DIMET Department, Faculty of Engineering, University “Mediterranea” of Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria, Italy

Constitutive properties of living cells are able to withstand physiological environment as well as mechanical stimuli occurring within and outside the body. We examined fluid flow and Neo-Hookean deformation related to the rolling effect. A mechanical model to describe the cellular adhesion with detachment is here proposed. We developed a finite element analysis, simulating blood cells attached ...

Muscle-Electrode Interface Simulation

A. Altamirano, C. Toledo, A. Vera, R. Muñoz, and L. Leija
Centro de Investigacion y Estudios Avanzados
Instituto Politecnico Nacional

In this article, the aim is to study different types and forms of electromyography (EMG) electrodes, for bipolar configuration, and the electric interface with muscle phantom. COMSOL Multiphysics allows modeling shapes and contact surfaces. Surface and needle electrodes will be modeled. A number of different trials and combinations will be presented; exploring different geometric shapes and ...

An Assessment of the Suitability of the Body and Adult Head Coils for Transmission during Paediatric Magnetic Resonance Imaging

G.R. Cook[1], M.J. Graves[1], F.J. Robb[2], D.J. Lomas[1]
[1]Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
[2]General Electric Healthcare Coils, Aurora, Ohio, USA

MRI offers many advantages over other modalities and its lack of ionizing radiation is important for children, but can be limited by the radio-frequency (RF) coils available. This work calculates Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and homogeneity of the RF transmit field (B1+) when imaging infants in adult coils. Two birdcage-type coils were loaded by a tissue model and their B1+ homogeneities ...

Simulating Corrosion in a Crevice of Commercial Pure Titanium

G. Zhang [1, 2, 3],
[1] Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
[2] Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson, SC, USA
[3] Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

Implant devices are assistive devices surgically placed in the human body to restore the functionality of organs and tissues. Metallic implants are often used for load bearing applications including the hip and knee joints. To allow maximum flexibility during surgery for surgeons to pick and choose different combinations of parts (say, head, neck and stem, in the case of total hip replacement), ...

Passive and Active Deformation Processes of 3D Fibre-Reinforced Caricatures of Cardiovascular Tissues

A. Di Carlo[1], P. Nardinocchi[2], T. Svaton[3], and L. Teresi[1]

[1]Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]Dept. of Structural & Geotechnical Engineering, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[3]Dept. of Mathematics, University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic

In this paper, we present a mathematical model of contractile elastic solids meant to simulate various districts of the cardiovascular system, and based on the concepts of active deformation and embedded muscle fibres. Specifically, here we deal with the modeling of the gross mechanics of the Left Ventricle (LV) which is strictly related to its pump function. As is well known, the effectiveness ...

Modeling an Enzyme Based Electrochemical Blood Glucose Sensor with COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Mackintosh[1], J. Rodgers[1], S.P. Blythe[1]
[1]Lifescan Scotland, Inverness, Scotland

This paper describes the modeling of a blood glucose sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics. Chemical species interaction and diffusion, coupled with electrochemical oxidation of multiple blood species produced a powerful working model used in developing and refining a range of blood glucose sensors for the commercial market.

Lowering of the Interstitial Fluid Pressure as a Result of Tissue Compliance Changes during High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Exposure: Insights from a Numerical Model

E. Sassaroli[1], B. O'Neill [1]
[1]The Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, TX, USA

Interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) is elevated in tumors. Owing to this elevated IFP, the interstitial fluid velocity (IFV) is negligible throughout the tumor but significant near the tumor margin. Any therapeutic strategy that can lower IFP will improve drug convection within the tumor and decrease convection of drugs from the tumor margin. High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been shown ...

Magnetostatic-Magnon Sensors for Microwave Microscopy of Biological Structures - new

E. Hollander[1], E. O. Kamenetskii[1], R. Shavit[1]
[1]Microwave Magnetic Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel

Microwave sensing and monitoring is very attractive for biological applications because of their sensitivity to water and dielectric contrast. Direct detection of biological structures in microwave frequencies and understanding of the molecular mechanisms of microwave effects is considered as a problem of a great importance. Nowadays, however, microwave technique for localized testing biological ...