Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Bioclogging Effects in Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment - new

R. Samso[1], N. Forquet[2], P. Molle[2], J. Garcia[1]
[1]Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
[2]IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France

Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...

MCA 动脉瘤血流动力学分析

刘孟杰 [1], 付芳芳 [2], 李萌 [1]
[1] 郑州大学,郑州,河南,中国
[2] 郑州大学附属省人民医院,郑州,河南,中国

动脉瘤破裂是引起蛛网膜下腔出血的一种主要原因。结合 COMSOL Multiphysics® 灵活的几何建模特性以及强大的流体仿真求解能力,本文分别对两组不同大小关系的 MCA 动脉瘤理论模型进行了仿真建模分析。通过模拟分析,获得了动脉瘤球囊体长度和宽度与动脉瘤基底宽度不同比例条件下的动脉瘤速度、压力、壁面切应力(WSS)等参数的变化规律,分析了几何形态与动力学参数之间的关系。模拟结果显示:1、宽颈动脉瘤,瘤体内部旋流强度较之窄颈动脉瘤更强,中心区流速更低,更有利于形成血栓而且顶点处压力更大,更易破裂。2、增大动脉瘤宽度与基底直径的比值,顶点处 WSS 呈非线性增长,但最大值低于 WSS 安全范围的下限值,破裂危险性依然很高;3、动脉瘤宽度与基底直径不同比例下的最大的 WSS 均是主要集中在动脉瘤与载瘤血管结合处(第一剪应力集中区),对血管壁生物组织力学特性影响严重;WSS ...

Laser Interstitial Thermo Therapy (LITT) for Prostate Cancer Animal Model: Numerical Simulation of Temperature and Damage Distribution

M.F. Marqa, P. Colin, P. Nevoux, S. Mordon, and N. Betrouni
University of Lille, CHRU, Lille, France

Laser interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) is a cancer treatment technique in which laser fibers are introduced inside the tumor. While it destroys deep tumors, the LITT procedure allows minimizing the impact on adjacent healthy structures. One of the effective methods to perform treatment planning for LITT is simulation. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the heat distribution and thermal ...

Energy Harvesting from Variation in Blood Pressure through Deformation of Arterial Wall using Electro-magneto-hydrodynamics

A. Pfenniger[1], V.M. Koch[2], A. Stahel[2], and R. Vogel[1]
[1]ARTORG Cardiovascular Engineering, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
[2]Bern University of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Information Technology, Biel, Switzerland

The present project aims at modelling a generator that harvests energy from the variation in blood pressure by exploiting the motion of the arterial wall between the diastolic and systolic phase of the cardiac cycle. The concept is to use a highly electrically conductive fluid, which is driven by the motion of the arterial wall within a separate compartment outside the artery. A constant ...

Electric Field Density Distribution for Cochlear Implant Electrodes

N.S. Lawand[1], J. van Driel[2], P.J. French[2]
[1]Electronic Instrumentation Laboratory (EILab), Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS), Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Cochlear Implants are implantable devices which bypasses the non-functional inner ear and directly stimulates the hearing nerve with electric currents thus enabling deaf people to experience sound again. Implant electrode array design is limited in electrode count, due to their large size in accordance to scala tympani (ST) with restrictions for deeper insertion in ST thus depriving access to ...

A Mean Field Approach to Many-particles Effects in Dielectrophoresis

O. Nicotra, and A. La Magna
CNR-IMM Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

One of the major applications for dielectrophoresis is the selective trapping and fractionation in lab-on-a-chip devices. Nevertheless, many-particle effects due to high concentrations of biological material around electrodes can cause a rapid decrease of trapping efficiency in dielectrophoretic devices. In this contribution we present a new approach based on a drift-diffusion dynamics to study ...

Prediction of Time of Death Using a Heat Transport Model

J.L. Smart[1], and M. Kaliszan[2]
[1]University of Kentucky, Paducah, KY, USA
[2]Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland

COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.0 was used to study conductive and convective heat transfer from the human eyeball to the surrounding air. Postmortem temperature decay curves were collected in eyeballs of numerous human corpses. Of course, these curves represent only a portion of the complete temperature decay curve, since the pathologist is able to start collecting temperature data only after some ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Cellular Arrays Using Periodic Minimal Surfaces – A Drug and Gene Delivery Application

J.I. Rey, A.J. Llewellyn, R.J. Connolly, J.P. Jimenez, A.M. Hoff, and R.A. Gilbert
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

Minimal surfaces are found in nature from crystalline structures to biological nano and micro structures such as biomembranes, and osseous formations in sea urchin. An application to electrically mediated drug and gene delivery is presented. Periodic level surfaces which approximate minimal surfaces are used to generate a geometric representation of tissue. A method to create such structures ...

Generation of Lofted NURBS Curves for 3D Model Generation with COMSOL Multiphysics®

R.T. Hart[1]
[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

A key challenge to finding quantitative solutions to biological problems is to model the complex 3D geometry of naturally occurring structures. Model generation often starts from serial sections from CT or MRI scans, confocal microscopy, or physical sectioning. In addition, prior to V4 of COMSOL Multiphysics®, there was a "loft" command to allow construction of 3D models from serial sections ...

Biofluid-Structural Interaction in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm for Predicting Timeline to Rupture: The Effect of Hypertension and Aorta Wall Material Properties - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], G. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge formed in the large blood vessels that supply blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs. A fluid structure interaction model was developed in a 3D aortic aneurysm model, which was constructed from abdominal CT scan images. Combining medical imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in a time dependent study allowed the determination of wall ...