G. Mach , C. Sherif , U. Windberger , A. Gruber ,
 Vienna University of Technology, Cerebrovascular Research Group Vienna, Vienna, Austria
 Hospital Rudolfstiftung, Cerebrovascular Research Group Vienna, Vienna, Austria
 Medical University Vienna, Cerebrovascular Research Group Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Usually, when calculating the blood flow in cerebral arteries and intracranial aneurysms, blood is modeled as a Newtonian fluid, neglecting its shear-thinning behavior. Since flow diverting devices slow down the blood flow in the aneurysm sack, the accuracy of this assumption had to be reviewed. A Carreau Yasuda model is introduced as a non-Newtonian model for blood viscosity. CFD simulations of ...
P. Priya , B. D. Pant ,
 Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
 CSIR-Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
In this paper, a free membrane is used as a receiver to increase the capacitance and therefore the resolution of the flow meter. For the current application, from the wavelength of sound wave in soft tissue (c= 1540 m/s) the resolution was calculated to be 0.48 mm. This gives the first Eigen frequency of the capacitive structure according to which the poly silicon membrane was designed. After ...
G. Zhang , Y. Zhao , J. Brcka , J. Faguet ,
 Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
 Tokyo Electron U.S. Holdings, Inc., Austin, TX, USA
We have simulated alignment and movement of multiple particles under Dielectrophoresis (DEP) using the Particle Tracing Module in COMSOL Multiphysics® software with particle-particle interaction taken into consideration. We are able to do efficient modeling for both 2D and 3D cases. With this work, we are able to shed important insights into the process of pearl chain formation, antenna-like ...
Acoustic Field Comparison of High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Using Experimental Characterization and Finite Element Simulation
J. L. Teja, A. Vera, L. Leija
Department of Electrical Engineering, Cinvestav-IPN, Mexico D.F., Mexico
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is used as a noninvasive technique of tissue heating and ablation for different medical treatments. This paper presents a quantitative comparison of HIFU acoustic fields experimentally obtained versus simulated acoustic fields. Acoustic field characterization was realized in two HIFU transducers using water as a propagation medium. Also, simulations were ...
M. Kaushik , S. Katti , V. Saradesai , P. Naragund , P. Vidhyashree , A. K. V. Nandi 
 B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology, Hubli, India
This article describes the design of MEMS based cantilever structure intended for determination of blood group and it is compared with manual method. Cantilever structure design has a sensing layer and when a blood sample comes in contact with this, results in coagulation. The surface tension in turn occurs due to chemical and biological reactions of antigen and antibodies resulting in ...
K. Cluff, L. Saeednia, H. Mehraein , R. Asmatulu
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Polymeric hydrogel is a promising class of drug delivery systems with the controlled release behavior in the body. In-situ forming hydrogels can be injected into the body as a fluid which forms a gel within the body tissue and improve the efficacy of the drugs. Various polymers have been used as in-situ hydrogel formulations. These polymeric formulations can form gels at body temperature while ...
S. Kirigeeganage , J. Naber , D. Jackson , R. Keynton , T. Roussel ,
 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA
This paper utilizes COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Application Builder to simulate neurological responses in nerve axons due to external electrical stimuli. The AC/DC Module of the COMSOL® software is first used to solve the Maxwell's equations. Then the results from the Maxwell's equations are used to drive a second model constructed using global equations using the Global ODE and DAE ...
Comparing Isotropic and Anisotropic Brain Conductivity Modeling: Planning Optimal Depth-Electrode Placement in White Matter for Direct Stimulation Therapy in an Epileptic Circuit
L. C. Zaragoza, B. Hondorp, M. A. Rossi
ITESM, Monterrey, Mexico
Rush Medical College, Chicago, IL, USA
Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
The goal of our work was to calculate a patient-specific brain conductivity map for predicting the extent to which direct stimulation therapy can strategically propagate through pathological white matter. Our laboratory developed isotropic and anisotropic human brain finite element method (FEM) models derived from SPGR magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), ...
University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
Insulin released by the beta-cells of pancreatic islets is the main regulator of glucose homeostasis, hence, insulin secretion models are of considerable interest for many possible applications. Building on our previous oxygen consumption and cell viability model for avascular islets of Langerhans, we developed an exploratory insulin secretion model that couples the hormone production rate to ...
A.-M. El Guamra , D. Bühlmann , F. Moreillon , L. Vansteenkiste , P. Büchler , A. Stahel , P. Passeraub ,
 HES-SO University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland, Delémont, Switzerland
 Institute for Surgical Technology & Biomechanics, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
 Bern University of Applied Sciences Engineering and Information Technology, Bern, Switzerland
Introduction: This study describes a thin and low-cost capacitive pressure sensor in touch mode (TM) for monitoring fluid pressure from 0 to 40kPa in fluidic chambers with Luer fittings for medical applications. TM provides good linearity, large measuring range and large overload protection . The choice of a thin polymer membrane as sensitive element with printed circular electrodes reduces ...