C. Gavrila, A. Ghiaus, and I. Gruia
Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Faculty of Building Services, Bucharest, Romania
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, Bucharest, Romania
A dynamic mathematical model, based on physical and transport properties and mass and energy balances, was developed for the simulation of unsteady convective drying of agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) in static bed conditions. The model utilizes water sorption isotherm equations and the change in solid density due to the shrinkage phenomenon. The aim of this article is to describe ...
University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
Insulin released by the beta-cells of pancreatic islets is the main regulator of glucose homeostasis, hence, insulin secretion models are of considerable interest for many possible applications. Building on our previous oxygen consumption and cell viability model for avascular islets of Langerhans, we developed an exploratory insulin secretion model that couples the hormone production rate to ...
E. Muraca, V. Gramigna, and G. Fragomeni
Department of Experimental Medicine and Clinic, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy
The goal of this research is to provide the medical staff with a numerical system assessment of wall shear stress in carotid bifurcation. Through this model, it will be fundamental to investigate the stress state properties of the surface in contact between the plaque and the artery, and study the geometric relationship between the bifurcation angle and fluid structural properties. The formation ...
S. Gerbino, and P. Franciosa
University of Molise, School of Engineering, Via Duca degli Abruzzi, Termoli, Italy
Understanding the stress-strain behavior of human foot tissues and pressure map distributions at the plantar interface is of interest into biomechanical investigations. In particular, monitoring plantar pressure maps is crucial to establishing the perceived human comfort of shoe insoles. A 3D anatomical detailed FE human foot model was created, starting from CT (Computer Tomography) scans of a ...
R. Appali, S. Petersen, J. Gimsa, and U. Rienen
 Institute of General Electrical Engineering, Chair of Electromagnetic Field Theory, University of Rostock, Germany
 Institute of Biology, Chair of Biophysics, University of Rostock, Germany
Study of neurons plays a key role in the fields of basic and medical research aiming at the development of electrically active implants. The Fitzhugh-Nagumo equations are used to model and simulate the spike generation and propagation in a squid giant axon using COMSOL Multiphysics® 3.5a Software. It is shown that the Fitzhugh-Nagumo equations allow for a geometrical explanation of ...
S. Elia, P. Lamberti, and V. Tucci
Dept. of Electrical and Information Engineering, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy
This paper proposes a FEM model for a segment of a nervous cell axon, which takes into account, through the so called Hodgkin-Huxley equations, the non linear and time varying dynamics of the membrane surrounding it. A combination with Maxwell equations is performed in a numerical procedure implemented in the COMSOL Multiphysics® environment. A thin layer approximated alternative model is ...
Design and Simulation of a Microscale Magnetophoretic Device for the Separation of Nucleated Fetal Red Blood Cells from Maternal Blood
G. Schiavone, D.M. Kavanagh, and M.P.Y Desmulliez
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
MIcroSystems Engineering Centre, School of Engineering & Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
Intense research has been carried out into methods that aim at harvesting fetal cells from maternal blood as substitutes to amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling. This work focuses on the separation of fetal nucleated red blood cells from the maternal circulation based on their intrinsic magnetic properties. The design and simulation of a magnetophoretic separator is described, as it will ...
J.J. Dubowski, and D.Carrier
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Université de Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
We present a Finite Element Method simulation procedure that allows rapid development of prototype devices comprising novel self-referenced interference SPR (surface plasmon resonance) biosensing microstructures. The procedure takes advantage of COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB software and their bi-directional link. The simulation is made using COMSOL RF Module, 2D harmonic propagation ...
Y. Liang, Z. Shi, S. Sritharan, and H. Wan
Central State University, Wilberforce, OH, USA
Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA
This paper proposes a novel data-mining framework to simulate the spread of epidemic diseases using persistent surveillance data. The framework is formulated by merging the persistent surveillance data about epidemics, geographic information and the dynamics of disease into a heat transfer model according to the theory of statistical mechanics . In the implementation of this framework, ...
E. Vinter, S. Petersen, J. Gimsa, and U. van Rienen
Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Institute of Biology, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
To achieve a deeper understanding of the mechanism of the Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) scientists use more and more numerical simulations. DBS inhibits overreaching brain activity via electric pulses that send into the brain by electrodes. Different electrode parameters such as geometry, frequency of stimulated impulse or applied voltage have a great influence on the size of the stimulated ...