Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Magneto-hydrodynamic Flow in Electrolyte Solutions

M. Qin[1], and H. Bau[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA

The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...

Improving Fuel Usage in Microchannel Based Fuel Cells

P. Fodor, and J. D'Alessandro
Dept. of Physics
Cleveland State University
Cleveland, OH

In this work a miniaturized fuel cell design based on microchannels, into which the liquid fuel and oxidizer streams are fed through T shaped connectors, is optimized for improved fuel usage. This particular design exploits the laminar nature of the fluid flow at small Reynolds numbers to keep the fuel and oxidizer confined in the vicinity of the corresponding electrodes without the need of a ...

Fluid Flow and Current Density Distribution in Large-area HT PEMFCs

G. C. Bandlamudi[1,2], C. Siegel[2], C. Heßke[1], and A. Heinzel[1,2]
[1]ZBT Duisburg, Duisburg, Germany
[2]University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT PEMFCs) are very promising technologies when used in combined cooling and heating power (CCHP) systems. They are operated at 160°C, offering the possibility of high tolerance to fuel impurities and a possibility to use the heat generated for cooling and heating purposes, leading to higher total system efficiency. Employing a 24 ...

Modeling Migration-Diffusion-Reaction Processes in an Idealized Lithium-Sulfur Cell

G. Minton [1], R. Purkayastha [1], S. Walus [1], M. Marinescu [2], T. Zhang [2], G. Offer [2],
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, Oxford, United Kingdom
[2] Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

During the basic operation of a lithium-sulfur (Li-S) cell, sulfur molecules are required to undergo a complex mix of electrochemical and chemical reaction processes. To date, almost all modeling of Li-S cell behavior has been undertaken using electroneutral, structurally homogenized, cell scale models accounting for most of these processes. The presented work was undertaken in order to try and ...

Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy

R.F. Hamou[1], P.U. Biedermann[1], A. Erbe[1], and M. Rohwerder[1]
[1]Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany

A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...

Thermal Diffusivity Test Bench for Li Ion Cells Using LiveLink™ for MATLAB®

A. Arzberger[1]
[1]RWTH Aachen University -ISEA-, Aachen, NRW, Germany

LiveLink™ for MATLAB® is used to fit the surface temperature of a battery cell within a COMSOL Multiphysics® model to the temperature measured by a thermal imaging camera. The test bench was designed and built up of ourselves to allow nondestructive thermal diffusivity measurement of Li Ion cells as a function of temperature, state of charge (SOC), state of health (SOH) and others. In that way ...

Computational Modelling of Fluid Dynamics in Electropolishing of Radiofrequency Accelerating Cavities - new

H. Rana[1], L. Ferreira[2]
[1]Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
[2]European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), Genéve, Switzerland

Electropolishing is an electrochemical process that radiofrequency accelerating cavities undergo in order to improve their inner metal surface finishing. This is performed prior to their installation into particle accelerators, in order to enhance their accelerating properties. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software it was possible to model the process throughout the cavity and study the fluid ...

Rechargeable Battery for Hybrid Diesel-Electric Locomotive

Michael A. Vallance
Team Leader, GE Global Research

Over time, rechargeable batteries degrade and eventually stop working. You see some combination of declining capacity, rapid self-discharge, and reduced power. Degradation mode depends on battery design, but also on the application. Often, multiple physical processes contribute to degradation. In the laboratory, you can measure performance degradation. You can dissect the battery to discover ...

Heat Pipe Assisted Thermal Management of an HT PEMFC Stack

E. Firat[1], G. Bandlamudi[1], M. Crisogianni[1], P. Beckhaus[1], A. Heinzel[1]
[1]Centre for Fuel Cell Technology (ZBT), Duisburg,NRW, Germany

Heat management is crucial for the satisfactory operation of HT-PEM (High temperature polymer-electrolyte-membrane) fuel cells. Current work investigates the use of heat pipes in a HT PEMFC stack consisting of 24 cells, each with an active area of 300 cm^2. Heat pipes are known to be thermal superconductors operating on the principles of high convective heat transfer and phase transition. ...

Optimization of an Electrochemistry System

D. Mi [1],
[1] KEISOKU Engineering System Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Optimization of a typical electrochemical system with insulating shields is considered in this work, which objective is to reduce the current peak due to singularity and smooth the current density distribution along electrode surface. Moving mesh method was adopted to allow change in design variables, i.e., position and width of the insulating shields. It was found that combining optimization ...