INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
The well known Pierce design of electron and ion diodes is the base of particle source extraction systems [1,2]. It was heavily studied up to 1960 with analog computing and it now offers us a known case against which to compare the precision of fluid and particle tracing codes. The ideal model assumes zero particle kinetic energy at cathode emission, which is well matched in many sources: the ...
J. Biggs, P. VonLockette, and S. Lofland
Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey
Magnetorheological Elastomers (MREs) are a composite that consist of magnetic micrometer sized particles suspended within rubber matrix filler. By placing this material within an external magnetic field during the rubber curing process, the poles of the particles are forced to align and form chains of particles within the matrix. These chains cause the MRE to change its stiffness properties when ...
Modeling of Nonlinear and Non-stationary Multi-vortex Behavior of Electronic Crystal in Restricted Gemoetries of Nano Junctions
T. Yi, Y. Luo, and S. Brazovskii
Electronic Crystals are common forms of organization of charge in solids. They appear widely from nano-structure semiconductors to synthetic organic conductors. Charge density wave, the best treated kind of electronic crystal, can readjust its elementary units by creation of topological defect or vortex. Experimental accesses to these phenomena came from nano-junctions, scanning tunneling ...
COMSOL Multiphysics Modelling for Measurement Device of Electrical Resistivity in Laboratory Test Cell
C. Rémi, M. Bergeron, and S. Moreau
Bioreactor landfill is based on a homogeneous distribution of the moisture content to increase waste biodegradation. Most of studies have shown that Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) can be a suitable method to study water content variation (2D and 3D). ERT is influenced by many physical parameters and no single relationship with volumetric water content was yet established for Municipal ...
Fully Coupled FEM Modeling of the Swelling Behavior of Human Intervertebral Disc in Response to a Change in Chemical Environment
G. K. Mistri, K. J. Suthar
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
The swelling behavior of human intervertebral disc is strongly influenced by chemical changes in the surrounding environment. Swelling of IVD is governed by various physical phenomena, including chemical and electric potential based transport, electrical charge balance, and swelling due to concentration difference within IVD relative to surrounding fluid. This change in geometry can be described ...
C.B. Crawford, Y. Shin, and G. Porter
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
Traditionally the design cycle for magnetic fields involves guessing at a reasonable conductor / magnetic material configuration, using FEA software to calculate the resulting field, modifying the configuration, and iterating to produce the desired field. Our method involved solving the classical Laplace equation on regions with imposed boundary conditions, which was implemented straightforwardly ...
S. Musa and M. Sadiku
College of Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA
Accurate and efficient computation of electrical parameters for different conducting bodies represents an essential part of spacecraft modern integrated circuits. In this paper, we will illustrate modeling of inhomogeneous quasi-TEM shielded rectangular, cylindrical, and triangular transmission lines using COMSOL Multiphysics. Excellent agreement with some results obtained previously is ...
School for Engineering of Matter, Transport, and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
Chemistry Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
Flexible electronics are temporarily affixed to a rigid carrier such as glass or silicon prior to device fabrication to facilitate robotic handling of the device, but also to allow optical lithography to stay within overlay design registration budget; without the rigid carrier, a freestanding flexible substrate such as polyimide would distort unacceptably during even minor temperature excursions ...
AkerSolutions, Fornebu, Norway
In COMSOL Multiphysics it is possible to implement and simulate several independent models in parallel. This can be meaningful when the different models are coupled to each other by some kind of interaction. If a part of the geometries is identical in all models, this part can be reduced in that it is implemented in only one of the geometries. In the other geometries only its solution towards its ...
Quasi-static Analysis on the Effect of Metal Penetrating Depth into the Substrate in Microstriplines
S. Musa, and M. Sadiku
Prairie View A&M University Networking Academy (PVNA), Prairie View, TX, USA
The effect of metallization thickness on planar transmission lines plays an essential role in microwave integrated circuits and thin film technology, especially in the propagation characterization and the electric field distribution in the structures. The objective of this paper is to consider the planar transmission lines with finite thickness not penetrating and penetrating into isotropic ...