Y. Sheng, and L. Yu
Quebec City, QC
A biconcave-shaped Red Blood Cell was trapped and deformed in a dual-trap optical tweezers. The two highly focused trapping beams of Gaussian intensity distribution were modeled as background field in the COMSOL Radio Frequency Module. The 3D radiation stress distribution on the cell surface was computed via the Maxwell stress tensor. The 3D deformation of the cell was computed with the ...
A. Pandey, and N. Litchinitser
The State University of New York at Buffalo
Transition metamaterials constitute a new class of engineered materials which have material properties tailored in such a manner that the refractive index gradually changes from positive to negative. An important question is what happens at the interface of a positive and negative index material. In this work, we design anisotropic transition materials using metal-dielectric layers and study ...
Simulation of Dendritic Solidification in Cubic and HCP Crystals by Cellular Automaton and Phase-Field Models
M. A. Zaeem, H. Yin, and S. D. Felicelli
Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems, Mississippi State University, MS
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN
Mechanical Engineering Department, Mississippi State University, MS
A cellular automaton (CA)-finite element (FE) model and a phase field (PF)-FE model were used to simulate equiaxed dendritic growth during solidification of cubic and hexagonal crystals. The governing equations of PF model include three coupled partial differential equations (PDE) for evolution of concentration, temperature, and non-conserved PF variable. These PDEs were solved using the ...
L. Desgrosseilliers, and D. Groulx
A cornerstone of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering undergraduate programs the world over is the experimental and theoretical study of heat exchange. Graduating engineering students gain some appreciation in their lab course by comparing empirical correlations combined with the thermodynamics of heat exchange with the real operation of a counter-current, double pipe, single-phase heat exchanger.
M. Gobbert, and D. Trott
University of Maryland Baltimore County
Many application problems have non-smooth forcing terms, such as the Dirac delta function. The convergence order for the FEM solution is limited by the regularity of the solution in this case. This paper presents information on the techniques needed in COMSOL 4 to enable FEM convergence studies for time-dependent problems of this type, including how to correctly implement the Dirac delta ...
Optimization of Design Parameters of a Novel MEMS Strain Sensor used for Structural Health Monitoring of Highway Bridges
H. Saboonchi, and D. Ozevin
Civil Engineering Department
University of Illinois at Chicago
The novel Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) based Piezoresistive stain sensor is presented in this paper. The main goal of this sensor is to monitor the localized strain in the highway bridges especially near the crack tips. Monitoring the crack growth on the bridges can lead to early detection and prevention of bridge failures. The COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to optimize the ...
J. Ma, A. Parker, and K. Kuan
Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA, USA
Torrey Hill Technology LLC, SanDiego, CA, USA
This study focuses on a low-cost composite material based on CuW with Cu via, which functions as a more efficient thermal path for heat conduction. A 50mm X 50mm X 1mm CuW(15/85) speciman consists an array of 30X30 uniformly distributed cylindrical Cu via attaching to a microprocessor generating 100 watts power was studied. By calculating the heat flux coming out of the top and the ...
M. Fält, and R. Zevenhoven
Thermal and Flow Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering
Åbo Akademi University
Air-conditioning produced by traditional vapor compression cycle is an energy demanding operation. By using passive cooling methods is it possible to avoid, or at least reduce, the need for vapor compression cooling. A passive radiative cooling method could be a three windowed skylight, filled with a greenhouse gas. Earlier modeling of such a skylight has shown promising results, and work has ...
P. Barthelemy, and
Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Understanding the rock structure at nano to micro scale is of growing importance in geology, oil and gas, and hydrology. New approaches that relies on a variety of high resolution 3D imaging techniques offered tremendous potential. These new approaches, in the meanwhile, introduce significant new challenges. Starting from digital imaging data, the paper introduces an image-to-simulation ...
L. Graber, J. Kvitkovic, T. Chiocchio, M. Steurer, S. Pamidi, and A. Usoskin
Center for Advanced Power Systems, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
Bruker Energy & Supercon Technologies Inc., Billerica, MA
Finite element models, which include the shielding characteristics of superconductors are often complex and would currently not allow us to study 3D models of devices of complex geometry such as fault current limiters. We propose instead a model based on variable electric conductivity, which is suitable to simulate magnetic field characteristics of inductive superconducting fault current ...