Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling the Thermally Induced Curvature of Multilayer Coatings with COMSOL MultiphysicsTM

H. Conrad[1], T. Klose[2], T. Sandner[2], D. Jung[1], H. Schenk[2], and H. Lakner[1,2]
[1]Semiconductor and Microsystems Technology Laboratory, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems Dresden, Germany

Within this paper the so called “birth and death” method is demonstrated in use with COMSOL Multiphysics®. With this method the free and reactionless movement of a solid structure on deformed geometries and the activation of this solid structure at later simulation steps is possible. For demonstrating the benefit, this method was applied to simulate the thermal induced ...

Finite Element Analysis of Ferrofluid Cooling of Heat Generating Devices

T. Strek
Institute of Applied Mechanics, Poznan University of Technology, Poznan, Poland

An external magnetic field imposed on a ferrofluid with a temperature gradient, results in a non-uniform magnetic body force, which leads to a form of heat transfer called thermomagnetic convection. A magnet placed near the device will always attract the colder ferrofluid more than warmer. Viscous, two-dimensional, laminar and incompressible ferromagnetic fluid flow, under the influence of a ...

Analyzing Muffler Performance Using the Transfer Matrix Method 

K. Andersen
Dinex Emission Technology A/S, Middelfart, Denmark

Exhaust noise must meet legislation targets, customer expectations and cost reduction which call for design optimization of the exhaust systems in the design phase. One solution is to use 3 dimensional linear pressure acoustics and calculate the transfer matrix of the muffler. The transfer matrix is the basis for calculating either the insertion loss or transmission loss of a muffler. The 3D ...

Modeling Polybenzimidazole/Phosphoric Acid Membrane Behaviour in a HTPEM Fuel Cell

C. Siegel[1,2], G. Bandlamudi[1,2], and A. Heinzel[1,2]
[1]Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik (ZBT) gGmbH, Duisburg, Germany
[2]Institut für Energie- und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

Phosphoric acid doped polybenzimidazole (PBI) membranes are commonly used in today’s high-temperature polymer-electrolyte-membrane (HTPEM) fuel cell technology. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model and simulate the three-dimensional, single-phase, non-isothermal overall cell behaviour at different operating points. The sol-gel PBI/H3PO4 membrane behaviour is modeled using an Arrhenius ...

Kinetics and Reactor Modeling of Methanol Synthesis from Synthesis Gas

H. Bakhtiary, F. Hayer, H. Venvik, A. Holmen
Norwegian University of Science and Technology Trondheim

Methanol synthesis is a typical reaction in heterogeneous catalysis. In this work, we have studied a laboratory fixed-bed reactor packed with a Cu/Zn/Al2O3 catalyst in both adiabatic and isothermal tubular operational modes. A methanol synthesis kinetic model was implemented in COMSOL Reaction Engineering Lab. Both 1D and 2D pseudo-homogeneous dispersion models were applied to describe the mass ...

Prediction and Optimization of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Geometries using COMSOL Multiphysics

I. Knorr, K. Christou, J. Meinertz, A. Selle, J. Ihlemann, and G. Marowsky
Laser-Laboratorium Göttingen e.V., Germany

Raman spectroscopy is a commonly used tool in biodiagnostics and sensor technology. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering provides high signal enhancements especially at nanostructured metallic surfaces. In this paper the electromagnetic Raman enhancement from different metallic nanostructures - including gold coated gratings, spherical and hemispherical particles - is calculated by using the finite ...

Numerical Modelling of Vortex Induced Vibrations  in Submarine Pipelines

F. Van den Abeele, J. Vande Voorde, and P. Goes
ArcelorMittal Research & Development Industry Gent, Zelzate, Belgium

Vortex-induced vibration is a major cause of fatigue failure in submarine oil and gas pipelines and steel catenary risers. Even moderate currents can induce vortex shedding. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics is applied to study the flow pattern around submarine pipeline spans, and predict the amplitude and frequency of the vortex induced vibrations. The sensitivity of the computational fluid ...

Vertically Emitting Microdisk Lasers

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, and F. Beltram
NEST-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy

We describe the modeling of microdisk lasers displaying vertical emission. The devices are THz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings fabricated along the circumference.  The emission properties of the fabricated devices are well explained by the model, good mode control is obtained, and the collected power from a patterned device is increased 50 times with respect to unpatterned ...

Comparing Equations for Two-Phase Fluid Flow in Porous Media

T. Bjornara, and E. Aker
NGI, Oslo, Norway

Various types of equation system formulations for modeling two-phase flow in porous media using the finite element method have been investigated. These allow for equation manipulation such that the main differences between the formulations are the dependent variables that are solved for. Here we have tested five different formulations for 2D simulations and one for 1D; the Buckley-Leverett ...

Advanced Modeling of Friction Stir Welding – Improved Material Model for Aluminum Alloys and Modeling of Different Materials with Different Properties by Using the Level Set Method

S. Dörfler
Wilhelm Gronbach GmbH, Wasserburg a. Inn, Germany

Friction Stir Welding (FSW) has gained much importance throughout the last years. Beside comprehensive experimental work that has been carried out, the simulation of the welding zone is of major interest.  Due to the high strains observed within the welding zone, the Eulerian (CFD) approach seems to be the most promising for the prediction of flow around the FSW tool. However, the CFD ...