Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation

M. Jaegle
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany

Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...

Simulation of Optical Properties of the Si/SiO2/Al Interface  at the Rear of Industrially Fabricated Si Solar Cells

Y. Yang[1], and P. Altermatt[1,2]
[1]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hamelin (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany
[2]Dep. Solar Energy Research, Inst. Solid-State Physics, Leibniz University of Hanover, Germany

The specular and diffuse reflection properties of sunlight at the rear surface of silicon solar cells with various degrees of roughness are computed by solving the Maxwell and material equations in two dimensions, using the COMSOL RF Module. The model is tested on planar Si/SiO2/air interfaces and planar Si/SiO2/Al interfaces. The simulations show that for wavelengths of 800 nm, (i) maximum ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Convective Drying Processes

C. Gavrila[1], A. Ghiaus[1], and I. Gruia[2]
[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Faculty of Building Services, Bucharest, Romania
[2]University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, Bucharest, Romania

A dynamic mathematical model, based on physical and transport properties and mass and energy balances, was developed for the simulation of unsteady convective drying of agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) in static bed conditions. The model utilizes water sorption isotherm equations and the change in solid density due to the shrinkage phenomenon. The aim of this article is to describe ...

Simulation of Production Processes using the Multiphysics Approach: The Electrochemical Machining Process

R. van Tijum
Dr.
Advanced Technology Center, Philips Consumer Lifestyle, Drachten, The Netherlands

Redmer van Tijum studied Applied Physics at the University of Groningen. In 2006, he received his PhD title on ‘Interface and surface roughness of polymer metal laminates’ in the field of Material Science at the University of Groningen. After that he became research and development engineer at Philips, where he focussed his attention on the improvement of production processes mainly ...

Improved Perfectly Matched Layers for Acoustic Radiation and Scattering Problems

M. Zampolli[1], N. Malm[2], and A. Tesei[1]
[1]NURC NATO Research Centre, La Spezia, Italy
[2]COMSOL AB, Stockholm, Sweden

Perfectly matched layers (PML) are an efficient alternative for emulating the Sommerfeld radiation condition in the numerical solution of wave radiation and scattering problems. The key ingredient of the PML formulation is the complex scaling function, which controls the anisotropic damping of the PML. The objective of this study is to propose a modified complex scaling function capable of ...

Thermal and Material Flow Modelling of Friction Stir Welding Using COMSOL

H. Schmidt[1,2], and J. Hattel[1]
[1]Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]HBS Engineering, Frederiksberg, Denmark

Two friction stir welding models are presented – a global thermal model using the temperature dependent heat source and a local material flow and heat generation model allowing for detailed investigation of different contact conditions. The two models are coupled into a larger local-global model. The flow model includes frictional dissipation from the contact between the work piece and the ...

Numerical Simulation of Si Nanosecond Laser Annealing by COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Darif, and N. Semmar
GREMI-UMR6606, CNRS-Universite d’Orleans, Orléans, France

A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate temperature changes in material irradiated by a KrF laser beam confined on silicon’s surface. In this paper, the obtained results are shown and discussed in case of bulk Silicon. The heat source is distributed in time with ‘gate’ and ‘gaussian’ shapes. The thermal properties values ...

Analyzing Muffler Performance Using the Transfer Matrix Method 

K. Andersen
Dinex Emission Technology A/S, Middelfart, Denmark

Exhaust noise must meet legislation targets, customer expectations and cost reduction which call for design optimization of the exhaust systems in the design phase. One solution is to use 3 dimensional linear pressure acoustics and calculate the transfer matrix of the muffler. The transfer matrix is the basis for calculating either the insertion loss or transmission loss of a muffler. The 3D ...

Modelling Coating Lifetime: First Practical Application for Coating Design

T. Machado Amorim [1], C. Allély[1], J. Caire[2]
[1]Arcelor Mittal Research, Maizieres-les-Metz, France
[2]ENSEEG, Grenoble, France

The corrosion at cut-made edges is significant due to the anode to cathode surface ratio in this region. The major problems are the risks of red rust appearance at the exposed steel surface, and the risks of paint delamination in case of insufficient corrosion protection. The work presented here focuses on the development of a 2D FEM model simulating a steady state corrosion situation at a cut ...

Numerical Simulations of Spherical Gap Flows

K. Buehler, and J. W. Louw
University of Applied Sciences Offenburg, Germany

Rotating fluids are important in nature and technology. Many applications can be found in the field of meteorology and in rotating machinery. This investigation concerns the application of the swirl flow application mode in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate nonlinear aspects of flows within spherical geometries. The results show the non-uniqueness of the supercritical solutions and interesting ...

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