Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Design of UV reactors by CFD: Model Development and Experimental Validation

J. Hofman1,2,3, L. Shao2, B. Wols2, W. Uijttewaal2, G. I. J. Pelaar1, E. Beerendonk1, and H. van Dijk2
1Kiwa Water Research, Rijkswijk, The Netherlands
2Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
3Waternet, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

UV technology is an emerging technology for drinking-water treatment. It can either be used as a disinfection barrier, where the UV light is used to inactivate pathogenic microorganisms, or in combination with hydrogen peroxide as an advanced oxidation process. The design of UV reactors is very complex. The water flow and related aspects of mixing, the UV light distribution, and the reaction ...

COMSOL 2D Simulation of Heavy Oil Recovery by Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage

I. I. Bogdanov, K. El Ganaoui, and A. M. Kamp
Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Expérimental (CHLOE), Pau, France

Multiphysics flexibility and computational performance of COMSOL gave us the idea to model SAGD (steam assisted gravity drainage), one of the popular thermal methods of oil recovery. The modeling is far from straightforward and requires solving a system of non-linear PDEs for thermal multiphase flow under conditions of thermodynamic (phase) equilibrium. This paper presents the main results of our ...

Hydraulic Design of Activated Sludge Tanks with CFD

A. J. Bosma, and B. A. Reitsma
Tauw bv, Deventer, The Netherlands

The hydraulic design of wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) is usually based on general guidelines and experience. Research and development in this field is mainly focused on understanding and improvement of the biological processes. In this article we present modeling of the activated sludge tanks of the wastewater treatment plants in Amsterdam-West and Eindhoven. For both locations, a number of ...

An Optimized Convolutional-Perfectly Matched Layer (C-PML) Absorbing Boundary Condition for Second-order Elastic Wave Equations

O. Bou Matar1,2, E. Galopin1, Y. Li1,2, and O. Ducloux1,2
1Institut d'Electronique, de Micro-électroniqueet de Nanotechnologie, Villeneuve d'Acsq, France
2Laboratoire Européen Associé en MagnétoAcoustiqueNonlinéaire de la matière condensée (LEMAC), Ecole Centrale de Lille, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France

In this study, we extend the Convolution-Perfectly Matched Layer (C-PML) method we have developed for a first order system describing elastic waves in velocity and stress formulation to the same equation written as a second order system displacement.We illustrate the efficiency of this second order Perfectly Matched Layer upon 2D benchmarks with surface waves and Lamb Waves.

On the Use of COMSOL Multiphysics to Understand and Optimize the Filling Phase in the Injection and Micro-Injection Molding Process

M. Moguedet1, P. Namy2, and Y. Béreaux3
1Pôle Européen de Plasturgie, Bellignat, France
2SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
3LAMCOS, Site de Plasturgie, INSA Lyon, Bellignat, France

The work presented here deals with the simulation of the cavity filling stage of the injection and micro-injection molding process for thermoplastic materials.COMSOL Multiphysics gives us the means to take into consideration some other aspects usually neglected in commercial 3D softwares dedicated to polymer processing. In particular, tracking of the flow front is based on a Level Set approach. ...

Multiphysics Modelling of High-Frequency Inductive Devices

M. Jungwirth, and D. Hofinger
University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria, Wels, Austria

In this work, the effects of power loss in power transformers, e.g. winding and core losses, are described, modeled and simulated employing an iterative multi-field coupling scheme. A system simulation comprising voltage source, transformer and discrete electrical components such as resistors, inductors and non-linear elements (e.g. diodes) is performed. Furthermore, two different transformer ...

On the Simulation of the Metabolism in Mammalian Cells using Homogenization Methods

M. Hanke, and M. Cabauatan-Villanueva
School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

The simulation of the metabolism in mammalian cells becomes a severe problem if spatial distributions must be taken into account. Especially the cytoplasma has a very complex geometric structure which cannot be handled by standard discretization techniques. In the present paper we propose a homogenization technique for computing effective diffusion constants. This is accomplished by using a ...

Numerical Simulation of a High-Temperature PEM (HTPEM) Fuel Cell

C. Siegel1,2, G. Bandlamudi1,2, and A. Heinzel1,2
1Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik (ZBT) GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
2Institut für Energie- und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

Phosphoric acid doped polybenzimidazole (PBI) membranes are commonly used for high temperature polymer-electrolyte-membrane (HTPEM) fuel cells in order to achieve high proton conductivity. Only a few numerical HTPEM fuel cell studies along with experimental validation are currently available. Here, a HTPEM fuel cell model is developed and simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. Emphasis is put on ...

Numerical Analysis of Fluid Mixing in a T-Shaped Micro Mixer

M. S. Virk, A. E. Holdø, and S. Kaennakham
Energy & Environmental Technology Applied Research Group, Faculty of Engineering and Computing, Coventry University, Coventry, UK

Microfluidic systems hold promise for many novel applications where rapid mixing is important, and has lead to a number of new developments. Despite such major developments, no systematic study has been carried out to understand the effect of flow mechanisms and geometry on microfluidic mixing. This work focuses on a mixing analysis of low Reynolds number (< 25) microfluids in a T-shaped passive ...

Investigation of Natural Ventilation Techniques in Historical Buildings, a Case Study in Palermo

C. Balocco
Energy Engineering Department, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

The natural ventilation of buildings provides improvement of internal comfort and air quality conditions leading to a significant reduction of the consumption of cooling energy. In the present paper the air flow patterns, velocity and air temperature distributions inside a historical building in Palermo (Italy), at present used as a library, were investigated by a 3D transient simulation using ...

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