The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Aluminum Anodization

When anodizing aluminum, the surface is electrochemically altered to form an abrasive and corrosion-resistive Al{:sub}2{:/sub}O{:sub}3{:/sub} film. The electrode kinetics during the process are only marginally affected as the oxide layer grows, so a stationary analysis of the current distribution is sufficient to determine the uniformity of this layer’s thickness. Anode kinetics from ...

Rat-Race Coupler

A 180° Ring Hybrid (Rat-Race Coupler) is a four-port network with 180° phase difference between two ports. It is cheaper to manufacture this type of microstrip line component compared to a wave guide 180° hybrid junction, so called magic-T. The objective of this model is to compute the S-parameters and to observe the matching, isolation, and coupling around the operating frequency.

Quadrupole Mass Filter

A quadrupole mass filter (QMF) is a key component of a modern mass spectrometer. A QMF uses direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) electric fields to analyze positive or negative ions by mass to charge ratio. A QMF consists of 4 parallel rods spaced equidistantly, the ratio of the rod radius to the radius of the inscribed circle is 1.148. Opposite pairs of rods are electrically ...

Modeling of Centrifugal Governor

A centrifugal governor is used to control the speed of rotating machinery. One of the most common applications is in controlling the RPM of an engine by regulating the fuel supply. This model illustrates the functioning of a spring loaded centrifugal governor. The dynamics of the governor are analyzed under the influence of a centrifugal force, spring force, and damping force. The sleeve ...

Bessel Panel

The Bessel panel is a way to arrange a number of loudspeakers so that the angular sound distribution resembles that of a single speaker. This model combines five Bessel panels in the same pattern to approximate a purely radial sound field. The speakers are driven with different signals, some of them in counter-phase. This results in an approximately homogeneous polar far-field distribution. ...

Atmospheric Corrosion of a Busbar Template

This model simulates atmospheric galvanic corrosion of a busbar, which includes a copper flange, an aluminum alloy flange in contact with a zinc nut and bolt. The Secondary Current Distribution interface is used to solve for the electric potential in electrode domain and Current Distribution, Shell interface is used to solve for the electrolyte potential in the thin electrolyte layer. The ...

Isoelectric Separation

This example applies the *Electrophoretic Transport* and *Laminar Flow* interfaces to model isoelectric separation in a free-flow electrophoresis device. A stream containing six different ionic species is shown to be divided into pure component streams by means of migrative transport in an electric field. Free-flow electrophoresis can separate macromolecules such as proteins, based on their ...

Ion Cyclotron Motion

This model computes the trajectory of an ion in a uniform magnetic field using the Newtonian, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations available in the Mathematical Particle Tracing interface.

Thermal Drift in a Microwave Cavity Filter

Microwave filters are used to eliminate unwanted frequency components in the output from microwave transmitters. They are typically inserted between a power amplifier and an antenna. The amplifiers are nonlinear and produce harmonics that must be eliminated with filters that have a rather narrow passband. Due to high power loads but also possibly from harsh environmental conditions (such as a ...

Polynomial Hyperelastic Model

This model shows how you can implement a user defined hyperelastic material, using the strain density energy function. The model used is a general Mooney-Rivlin hyperelastic material model defined by a polynomial. In this example, you will see two material models based on the defined expression: a two-term equation and a five-term equation. The two-term Mooney-Rivlin material model ...