# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

A quadrupole mass filter (QMF) is a key component of a modern mass spectrometer. A QMF uses direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) electric fields to analyze positive or negative ions by mass to charge ratio. A QMF consists of 4 parallel rods spaced equidistantly, the ratio of the rod radius to the radius of the inscribed circle is 1.148. Opposite pairs of rods are electrically ...

### Linear Buckling Analysis of a Truss Tower

Trusses are commonly used to create light structures that can support heavy loads. When designing such a structure, it is important to ensure its safety. For a tower made of bars, buckling can cause the structure to collapse. This model shows how to compute the critical buckling load using a linear buckling analysis. The solution is compared with an analytical expression for critical load ...

### Molecular Flow Through an S-Bend

This model computes the transmission probability through an s-bend geometry using both the angular coefficient method available in the Free Molecular Flow interface and a Monte Carlo method using the Mathematical Particle Tracing interface. The computed transmission probability by the two methods is in excellent agreement with less than a 1% difference. This model requires the Particle Tracing ...

### Using COMSOL Models Together with Curve Fitting

This example exemplifies how curve fitting can be performed in COMSOL Multiphysics®, and how this can be applied to your modeling. A more detailed description of the phenomenon and the modeling process can be seen in the blog post "[Curve Fitting of Experimental Data with COMSOL Multiphysics](https://www.comsol.com/blogs/curve-fitting-of-experimental-data-with-comsol-multiphysics/)".

### Shape Optimization of a Capacitor Design

This example exemplifies how to optimize the design of a capacitor through optimization. A more detailed description of the phenomenon and the modeling process can be seen in the blog post "[Changing the Dimensions of a Model Using Shape Optimization](https://www.comsol.com/blogs/changing-the-dimensions-of-a-model-using-shape-optimization/)".

### Optimal Cooling of a Tubular Reactor

Maximizing product yield is a main task in chemical reaction engineering. This can be especially challenging if the desired product, once formed, can be consumed by further reactions. This example investigates such a series reaction as it occurs in a tubular reactor. You will start by setting up the tightly coupled mass and energy balance equations describing the reactor using predefined ...

### Transmission Line Butler Matrix Beamforming Network

A Butler matrix is a passive beamforming feed network. It is a cost-effective feed network for phased array antennas because the circuit can be fabricated in the form of microstrip lines and is a viable solution for performing beam scanning without deploying expensive active devices. This example shows how to design such a circuit using the *Transmission Line* interface. The results show the ...

### Absorptive Muffler with Shells

This model describes the pressure wave propagation in a muffler for an internal combustion engine. The purpose of the model is to show how to analyze both inductive and resistive damping in pressure acoustics as well as coupling the fluid to the surrounding elastic shell structure of the muffler. Finally, the eigenmodes of a pure structural problem is analyzed and the modes compared to peaks ...

### Thermal Performances of Windows

During the design of a building, environmental issues have gained considerable influence in the entire project. One of the first concerns is to improve thermal performances. In this process, simulation software are key tools to model thermal losses and performances in the building. The international standard ISO 10077-2:2012 deals with thermal performance of windows, doors and shutters. It ...

### Parameterized Concrete Beam

Reinforced concrete beams are commonly used in modern construction due to their strength and durability. By simulating such beams, engineers can ensure that the resulting structures both perform well and are safe. With simulation apps, engineers of all levels of expertise can analyze and test different designs with ease. The Parameterized Concrete Beam demo app focuses on the structural ...

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