# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Heating Circuit

Small heating circuits find use in many applications. For example, in manufacturing processes, they heat up reactive fluids. The device in this tutorial example consists of an electrically resistive layer deposited on a glass plate. The layer results in Joule heating when a voltage is applied to the circuit, which results in a structural deformation. The layer’s properties determine the amount ...

### Voltage Induced in a Coil by a Moving Magnet

A magnet moving axially through the center of a coil will induce a voltage across the coil terminals. One practical application of this is in shaker flashlights, where the flashlight is vigorously shaken back and forth, causing a magnet to move through a multi-turn coil, which provides charge to the battery. In this model, the motion of a magnet through a coil is modeled, and the induced ...

### Loudspeaker Driver — Transient Analysis

In this model, a full transient analysis of a loudspeaker driver is performed, which allow the modeling of nonlinear effects. It extends the linear frequency domain analysis done in the Loudspeaker Driver tutorial model. The analysis accounts for nonlinear behavior of the soft iron in the magnetic system, geometric nonlinearities in the structures, and nonlinear effects due to the topology ...

### Permanent Magnet Motor in 3D

Permanent magnet (PM) motors are used in many high-end applications, such as in electric and hybrid vehicles. An important design limitation is that the magnets are sensitive to high temperatures, which can occur through heat losses caused by currents, particularly eddy currents. In this tutorial, an 18-pole PM motor is modeled in 3D to accurately capture eddy current losses in the magnets. ...

### Plasmonic Wire Grating (Wave Optics)

Surface plasmon-based circuits are being used in applications such as plasmonic chips, light generation, and nanolithography. The Plasmonic Wire Grating Analyzer application computes the coefficients of refraction, specular reflection, and first-order diffraction as functions of the angle of incidence for a plasmonic wire grating on a dielectric substrate. The model describes a unit cell of the ...

### Free Convection in a Light Bulb

This model treats the free convection of argon gas within a light bulb. It shows the coupling of heat transport (conduction, radiation and convection) to momentum transport (non-isothermal flow) induced by density variations caused by temperature. COMSOL Multiphysics model makes it possible to determine the temperature distribution on the outer surface of the bulb, as well as the temperature ...

### Piezoacoustic Transducer

A piezoelectric transducer can be used either to transform an electric current to an acoustic pressure field or, the opposite, to produce an electric current from an acoustic field. These devices are generally useful for applications that require the generation of sound in air and liquids. Examples of such applications include phased array microphones, ultrasound equipment, inkjet droplet ...

### Contact Switch

This model illustrates how to implement a multiphysics contact. It models the thermal and electrical behavior of two contacting parts of a switch. The electrical current and the heat flow from one part to the other only through the contact surface. The contact switch device has a cylindrical body and plate hook shapes at the contact area. There, the thermal and electrical apparent resistances ...

### Phase Change

This example demonstrates how to model a phase change and predict its impact on a heat transfer analysis. When a material changes phase, for instance from solid to liquid, energy is added to the solid. Instead of creating a temperature rise, the energy alters the material’s molecular structure. Equations for the latent heat of phase changes appear in many texts but their implementation is ...

### Inkjet Nozzle — Level Set Method

Although initially invented to be used in printers, inkjets have been adopted for other application areas, such as within the life sciences and microelectronics. Simulations can be useful to improve the understanding of the fluid flow and to predict the optimal design of an inkjet for a specific application. The purpose of this application is to adapt the shape and operation of an inkjet nozzle ...

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