The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.
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This model demonstrates the impact of convection and diffusion on the transport-limited electrodeposition of a copper microconnector bump (metal post). Microconnector bumps are used in various types of electronic applications for interconnecting components, for instance liquid crystal displays (LCDs) and driver chips. The location of the bumps on the electrode surface is controlled by the use ...
This example illustrates the concept of superfilling in electrodeposition. The deposition rate is accelerated in concave areas of the surface, where the concentration of a surface catalyst is increased due to the area contraction of the moving boundary.
This example models time-dependent copper deposition on a resistive wafer in a cupplater reactor. As the deposited layer builds up, the resistive losses of the deposited layer decreases. The benefit of using a current thief for a more uniform deposit is demonstrated.
This example shows how to model secondary current distribution and electrode growth with a moving geometry. To avoid numerical instabilities, a seed layer is introduced in the initial geometry to obtain a right angle at the edge between the growing electrode and the insulator.
This example extends the analysis made in the model Electrodeposition on a Resistive Patterned Wafer by including the diffusion and convection of copper ions in the electrolyte. The coupled mass transport convection-diffusion effects are of interest in this type of reactor since they will be accentuated towards the rim of the wafer, limiting the current density. This will counter balance the ...
This example models electrocoating of paint onto a car door in a time-dependent simulation. The deposited paint is highly resistive which results in lowered local deposition rates for coated areas. A primary current distribution in combination with a film resistance model is used to describe the charge transport in the electrolyte. The model is in 3D and uses an imported CAD geometry.
This model simulates the shape evolution of a microconnector bump over time as copper deposits on an electrode surface. Transport of cupric ions in the electrolyte occurs by convection and diffusion. The electrode kinetics are described by a concentration dependent Butler-Volmer expression. The model is an extension to 3D of the Electrodeposition of a Microconnector Bump in 2D example.
Electroless deposition or plating is a non-galvanic plating method that does not require any external electrical power. This technique is typically used for electroless plating of nickel, silver, gold and copper. In electroless deposition, partial oxidation and reduction reactions occur at the same electrode surface. The potential difference that exists between the equilibrium potentials for ...