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The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.
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Vector Hysteresis Modeling

Hard ferromagnetic materials are often used as cores in inductive devices. These materials exhibit hysteresis, which means that the magnetization of the material not only depends on the magnetic field, but also on the previous state of magnetization. In order to use these materials in time-dependent simulations, hysteresis modeling is required. In this model, a 3D simulation employing the ...

Transmission Line Parameter Calculator

The transmission line parameters R, L, G and C are used to characterize any TEM and quasi TEM waveguide structure. This application computes R, L, G and C as well as the characteristic impedance and propagation constant for some common types of transmission lines.

Iron Sphere in a 60 Hz Magnetic Field

An iron sphere is exposed to a spatially uniform, sinusoidally time-varying, background magnetic field. The frequency of the field is low enough such that the skin depth is larger than the radius of the sphere. A reduced field formulation is used to impose the background field. Two approaches for solving this problem are shown. The induced currents in the sphere and the perturbation to the ...

Electric Shielding Comparison

The electric shielding boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of highly conductive material that provides an additional current path tangential to a boundary. This example compares the electric shielding boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Small-Signal Analysis of an Inductor

If an inductor's magnetic material is nonlinear, then the inductance depends on the current passing through it. This model consists of an inductor with a nonlinear magnetic core, where the small-signal inductance is simulated as a function of current. The model also investigates how the small-signal inductance depends on the DC current.

Homopolar Generator 3D

A homopolar generator is composed of an electrically conductive rotating disc placed in a uniform magnetic field that is perpendicular to the plane of rotation. The motion of the conductor through the static magnetic field induces Lorentz currents in the disc. By connecting the outside rim of the disc to the center via a stationary conductor, significant current can be generated. The flow of ...

Inductive Liquid Metal Pump

Induction pumps are used in high temperature cooling systems. The principle of operation is equivalent to a linear three phase induction motor. The lack of moving parts and the pumped liquid being kept in a hermetically closed system are clear advantages. This model shows how to simulate a generic liquid Na pump.

Magnetotellurics

Magnetotellurics is a method for estimating the resistivity profile of the Earth's subsurface using the natural electromagnetic source provided by the ionosphere. This model was defined by Zhdanov et al. in a study published in 1997. In this article, various scientific groups compared software performance on the same models. This is the model called COMMEMI-3D-2, which has become one of the ...

Contact Impedance Comparison

The contact impedance boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of material that impedes the flow of current normal to the boundary, but does not introduce any additional conduction path tangential to the boundary. This example compares the contact impedance boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Iron Sphere in a 13.56 MHz Magnetic Field

An iron sphere is exposed to a spatially uniform, sinusoidally time-varying, background magnetic field. The frequency of the field is so high that the skin depth in the sphere is much smaller than the radius. At such high frequencies it is possible to model only the fields and induced currents on the surface of the sphere, thus avoiding the need for solving for the fields within the volume of the ...