The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Integrated Square-Shaped Spiral Inductor

This model considers a square inductor that is used for LC bandpass filters in MEMS systems. The simulation calculates the self-inductance. The first step in the modeling is to compute the currents in the inductor. These currents are the source for the magnetic flux computations, carried out in a second step.

Electromagnetic Plunger

This is a transient model of an electromagnetic plunger consisting of a magnetic core, nonmagnetic guider, multi-turn coil, and magnetic plunger attached to the spring and damper at the far end. The electromagnetic force on the plunger due to the transient current in the coil is calculated using the Maxwell stress tensor method in *Magnetic Fields* physics. The electromagnetic force is then ...

3D Coil Types in COMSOL Multiphysics

This is a collection of various types of 3D volumetric coils available in COMSOL Multiphysics version 5.2a. In this entry, we illustrate how to use the *Single Conductor Coil*, *Homogenized Multi-Turn Coil*, *Lumped Port*, and *External Current Density* features for modeling 3D coils. Both DC (Stationary) and AC (Frequency Domain and Time Domain) modeling strategies are discussed. A series of ...

Transient Modeling of a Capacitor in a Circuit

A transient model of a capacitor is solved in combination with an external electrical circuit. The finite element model of the capacitor is combined with a circuit model of a voltage source and a resistor. A step change in voltage is applied, and the transient current through the capacitor is computed and compared to the analytic result.

Frequency Domain Modeling of a Capacitor

A capacitor with an applied sinusoidally time-varying voltage difference is modeled. A wide frequency range is considered and the impedance of the device is computed. Solver accuracy is addressed. The relationship between the frequency domain impedance and the steady-state capacitance and resistance of the device is discussed.

Inductive Heating of Copper Cylinder

The induced currents in a copper cylinder produce heat that in turn change the electrical conductivity. This means that the field propagation has to be solved simultaneously with the heat transfer through the cylinder and surrounding system. This model shows this coupling between eddy currents and heat transfer as a tutorial example.

Magnetic Brake

A magnetic brake consists of a permanent magnet, which induces currents in a rotating copper disk. The resulting eddy currents interact with the magnetic flux to produce Lorentz forces and subsequently a braking torque. This 3D problem is solved using a stationary formulation for the electromagnetic field coupled to an ordinary differential equation for the rotational rigid body dynamics. ...

Vector Hysteresis Modeling

This tutorial is a benchmark model that reproduces the Testing Electromagnetic Analysis Method (TEAM) Problem 32, which evaluates numerical methods for the simulation of anisotropic magnetic hysteresis. A hysteretic three-limbed laminated iron core is subject to a time-varying magnetic field generated by two coils. The Jiles-Atherton material model (available in the *Magnetic Fields* interface) ...

Induction Currents from Circular Coils

A time-varying current induces a time-varying magnetic field. The magnetic field induces currents in neighboring conductors. The induced currents are called eddy currents. In this model, the phenomenon is illustrated by a time-harmonic field simulation as well as a transient analysis, where the eddy currents resulting from the source being switched on are studied. Two current-carrying coils ...

Magnetic Lens

A scanning electron microscope samples images by scanning a target with a high-energy beam of electrons. The subsequent electron interactions produce signals such as secondary and back-scattered electrons that contain information about the sample surface topography. Electromagnetic lenses are used to focus this electron beam down to a spot about 10 nm wide on the sample surface. This model ...