Multiscale Reactors: Cleaning the Flows

Niklas Rom | November 3, 2014

Probably the most common reactor in the chemical industry is the packed bed reactor. This reactor is used in chemical synthesis and for effluent treatment and catalytic combustion. Oftentimes, heterogeneous catalysis requires packed beds. A common design is a cylindrical column filled with catalyst pellets. The pellets can be contained within supporting structures, like tubes or channels, or packed in a single compartment in the column. The latter is called dumped packing.

Bridget Cunningham | October 27, 2014

The design of the reactor used in hydrodealkylation can have a significant impact on the overall yield and selectivity of the conversion product. In this blog post, we use modeling and simulation to investigate the advantages of using a membrane reactor.

Bridget Cunningham | October 9, 2014

In the performance of lithium-ion batteries, thermal management is an important element to consider. Through modeling and simulation, you can improve the design process by analyzing how heat is transferred within the energy source.

Jennifer Segui | September 3, 2014

Billions of dollars are spent each year in the U.S. to repair corrosion damage. To help reduce the high cost of corrosion, engineers at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) in Washington, D.C. are using multiphysics simulation to gain a better understanding of the fundamental mechanism. A successful research outcome at NRL will establish the correlation between metal microstructure, corrosion, and mechanical strength. Material designers could then develop stronger, corrosion-resistant materials using this new information.

Bridget Cunningham | July 21, 2014

In chemistry, separation using differences in migration patterns plays an important role in understanding the properties of different chemical species. To help identify small chemical differences between molecules, researchers use a type of electrophoresis known as isoelectric focusing. With the use of an applied electric potential, this technique helps to define and separate molecules based on their varying isoelectric points. Let’s take a closer look at this separation method.

Fanny Littmarck | June 13, 2014

Some chemical applications call for identification and quantification of the components in a chemical mixture. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a versatile separation technology for chemical species. To learn more about the separation process, we can model it with simulation software.

Andrew Griesmer | October 15, 2014

For anyone interested in modeling chemical reactions and/or flow through porous media, we have created a video to demonstrate how COMSOL Multiphysics simulation software handles such applications. Consider this your interactive tour of the model documentation for our porous reactor model.

Ed Fontes | September 10, 2014

As a chemical engineer, I can’t just smoke a cigar and leave it at that. Here, I investigate the anatomy, structure, and chemical process zones of a cigar and show you a simple model of the temperature distribution of the smoke in a cigar as well as the concentration of oxygen.

Edmund Dickinson | August 14, 2014

Diabetes is an incurable global killer: the World Health Organization estimates 350 million diabetics worldwide, with an average annual fatality rate close to 1%. Fortunately, modern medical science enables diabetics to manage their glucose levels and intake, so many countries have seen greatly reduced danger of the disease. Many diabetics must track their glucose levels throughout the day, requiring an accurate method for measuring the concentration of glucose in blood. For modern sensor designs, the method of choice is electrochemistry.

Fanny Littmarck | July 18, 2014

When it comes to lithium-ion batteries, quality and safety are top priorities. Assessor of 20,000 batteries per year, Intertek Semko AB understands this perhaps better than anyone else.

Fanny Littmarck | May 22, 2014

If you work in the oil and gas industry dealing with offshore drilling, corrosion is your worst enemy. A corroded oil platform is a dangerous platform and it can cost you a lot — in both lives and money. To avoid such a dark fate, you need to safeguard the steel structure from corrosion via a protection system, such as the cathodic protection process shown here.


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