Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Desorption Simulation of a Highly Dynamic Metal Hydride Storage System

D. Wenger[1], W. Polifke[2], and E. Schmidt-Ihn[3]
[1]Wenger Engineering GmbH, Ulm, Germany
[2]Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
[3]Daimler AG, Kirchheim/Teck, Germany

Metal hydrides are a widely-used method for storing and releasing hydrogen chemically under moderate conditions. This paper will present how highly dynamic metal hydride storage has been simulated and optimized using COMSOL Multiphysics. It will be shown how mass, energy and momentum balances were implemented and what boundary conditions were set to resolve various scenarios. The result of the ...

Estimating the Ore Volume in AC Smelting Furnaces Using Finite-Element Analysis of Surface Current Density

A. Mohammed, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, L8S4K1, Canada

One of the primary reasons for large power fluctuations in smelting furnaces is loss of contact between the electrode and ore. Therefore one of the important aspects of controlling power fluctuations is a predictive algorithm for the positioning of the electrode. We propose a model-based approach – using a COMSOL Multiphysics coupled thermo-electromagnetic model – that ...

Benchmarking as Key Element of Confidence Building in Safety Assessments for Radioactive Waste Disposal

E. Weetjens
SCK-CEN (the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre), Mol, Belgium

Verification of the codes applied for assessment of the long-term repository safety is typically one of the quality assurance requirements demanded by regulatory bodies, in the disposal of radioactive waste. In this paper, an internationally organized benchmark exercise is presented, in which the comparison was carried out for a selection of key radionuclides. The examples presented in this paper ...

Mass Transfer From a Rotating Cylinder in a Confined Gas Flow

N. Jand[1], A. Scarpetta[2], and M. Stefano[2]
[1]Chemical Engineering Department, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
[2]Faculty of Engineering, University of L'Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy

The modeling of sublimation form a rotating cylinder of solid naphthalene in a confined vessel has been performed by coupling the model of incompressible Newtonian fluid flow with the model of the dilute solutions. Preliminary a 2D axisymmetric system with swirl flow function for laminar and turbulent regimes has been considered. In the turbulent regime the RANS model with default parameter is ...

Two Dimensional Model of a Catalytic Plate Reactor for Methane Steam Reforming Using Different Kinetic Mechanisms

M.A. Mundhwa[1], C.P. Thurgood[1], and B.A. Peppley[2]
[1]Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
[2]Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada

Coupling of an endothermic reaction and an exothermic reaction using catalytic plate reactor (CPR) is a well known concept for industrial processes such as steam reforming, dehydrogenation and hydrocarbon cracking. In the CPR, the exothermic reaction (e.g., combustion of methane) can provide the necessary heat to drive the endothermic reaction (e.g., steam reforming of methane). The present work ...

Two Dimension Model of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Using COMSOL

K. Song, and H. Knickle
University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA

As a promising candidate for future electricity providing, solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) exhibit high efficiency, quiet operation and near zero emissions. In this work, two 2-dimension models of SOFC are constructed in COMSOL. Model 1 includes porous anode and cathode simulations with a thin electrolyte. The fuel cell is operated isothermally under fixed output voltages of 0.4, 0.6 and 0.8. The ...

Electrochemical Modeling of Passive Film Formation on Steel in Simulated Concrete Pore Solutions

H.M. Bernardes[1], M. Mancio[2], and P.J.M. Monteiro[2]
[1]São Paulo State University, Ilha Solteira, SP, Brazil
[2]University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

In this work, a tridimensional model of the electrochemical reactions taking place on the alloy/solution interface has been developed in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. The model accounts for solution chemistry, cell potential, and solves the related mass, momentum and energy balances. The simulation is based mainly on the experimental results obtained by Mancio et al, which have employed ...

Modeling of Dehydration of Mushroom Using Finite Element Method

C. Anandharamakrishnan[1], A. Choudhary[2], and R. Gopirajah [1]
[1]Human Resource Development,CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India
[2]Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Dehydration is one of the methods that would extend the shelf life of mushrooms. Dried mushrooms can be used in many different types of products. Furthermore, elevated temperatures during drying enhance enzymatic reactions that can result in improved flavor of dehydrated mushrooms. This study aims to model the dehydration of mushroom using finite element modeling (FEM) taking into account of ...

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