B. Niu, W. Yan, A.A. Shapiro, and E.H. Stenby
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...
N. Pacheco, D. Pavone, K. Surla, E. Schaer, and J. Houzelot
For Hydrogen production purpose from bio-ethanol, IFP set up a pilot reactor that can work at high temperature (1000°C) and high pressure (20 bar). Experiments show that this reactor has a specific thermal behavior that should be modeled in addition to chemical and hydrodynamics to understand and optimize hydrogen production. The multiphysics simulator has been defined in COMSOL and the ...
C. Siegel[1,2], G. Bandlamudi[1,2], P. Beckhaus, and A. Heinzel[1,2]
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik (ZBT), Duisburg, Germany
University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
This study highlights the possibility of using COMSOL Multiphysics for solving large scale PEM fuel cell stack models in the order of several million degrees of freedom (DOF). First, different gas flow channel configurations are solved in order to highlight the fluid flow and pressure behaviour. For these models, the full 3D Navier-Stokes equations are solved. It is seen that the amount of fluid ...
Numerical Study and Simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics of the Dilution Process during Dust Sampling in Dry Machining
B. Wenga-Ntcheping, A. Djebara, R. Kamguem, J. Kouam, V. Songmene
University of Quebec-École de Technologie Supérieure, Montreal, Canada
Dilution’s issue during dry machining have raised the interest’s environmental researchers and engineers. In fact, the sampling of dust emitted during dry machining was a serious problem for air quality evaluation at the workplace. Furthermore, the best sampling of fine and ultrafine particles produced during material cutting, passed through the dilution of high particle concentration ...
E. R. Blatchley, and B.Z. Sun
Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...
Simulation of the Inverse Extrusion of a Brass Rod by the Coupling of Fluid, Mechanical, Thermal and Ale Modules
C. Mapelli, and L. Bergami
Politecnico di Milano
An efficient simulation of the inverse extrusion process has been performed through the coupling of three modules in COMSOL Multiphysics: fluid-dynamics, general heat transfer and ALE. The strain, the strain rate, and the stress field can be completely defined after the complete definition of the velocity field of the material under the action of the tool. The definition of the stresses and of ...
J. P. Caire, and A. Roure
LEPMI-ENSEE, Saint Martin d'Hères, France
The generation 4 of molten salt reactors using the thorium cycle are characterized by a temperature close to 1000 oC. The very large heat transfers involved between the reactor core and the external parts with minimal thermal losses are a major issue. This study investigated a possible inner loop made of a series of conventional graphite filter plate exchangers, pipes and pumps, using the COMSOL ...
Contino, A.1, Feldheim, V.1, Lybaert, P.1, Deweer, B,2, Cornil, H.2
1 Faculty of Engineering – Thermal Engng. & combustion Lab., Mons – Belgium
2 Arcelor Innovation, Liège, Belgium
The self-induced ion plating (SIIP) process is a new physical vapor deposition process based on the evaporation of a metallic target (i.e. tin) thanks to a magnetron sputtering system. The aim of this work is to develop a numerical simulation model of the SIIP process in order to predict the target temperature field and from it, the coating profile on the substrate. The simulation of the SIIP ...
Modeling the iodine removal efficiency and temperature behavior for an FADS charcoal filter by FEMLAB
Qin, Z.1, Wren, J.C.1, Moore, C.J.2
1 Department of Chemistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
2 Chalk River Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited Chalk River, Ontario, Canada
A key component of the Filtered Air Discharge System in nuclear power reactors is a charcoal filter, intended to remove gaseous fission products, mainly radioiodine, in the unlikely event of an accident. Models for removal of CH3I and temperature behaviour of a charcoal filter have been described. The CH3I removal model is based on a mass balance equation consisting of CH3I transport due to ...
Bruce A. Finlayson
University of Washington
This talk demonstrates the success in teaching chemical engineering undergraduates to use COMSOL Multiphysics (FEMLAB) to solve realistic problems in a project format. Undergraduates have been creative and solved problems much more difficult than those in their textbooks, thus gaining a deeper understanding of transport processes. Illustrations are also given how they check to see they’ve ...