University of Applied Sciences Osnabrueck
With massive forming processes like rolling, extrusion and friction stir welding metal alloys are deformed in a hot solid state. Material flow under ideally plastic conditions can be modelled with computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This approach has advantages especially in case of large deformations. Material properties enter via a viscosity function, that can be related to the flow stress ...
S. Curcio and M. Aversa
Department of Engineering Modeling, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy
The aim of the present work is the formulation of a theoretical model describing the transport phenomena involved in food drying process. The attention has been focused on the simultaneous transfer of momentum, heat and mass occurring in a convective drier where hot dry air flows, in turbulent conditions, around the food sample. The proposed model does not rely on the specification of interfacial ...
An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper
J. Michalski, and E. Gutirrez-Miravete
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US
The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...
General Motors Europe, Sweden
Dew points higher than the inner surface temperature of a headlight can become cosmetic problems. In this paper, a suggested analytical approach of dew point analysis in headligths is brought forward. The analytical solution is based on a temperature map consisting of heat transfer, natural convection and radiation. An empirical expression for relative humidity is then implemented based on the ...
Study of a Self Heating Process of Tetrafluoroethylene by the Exothermic Dimerization Reaction to Octafluorocyclobutane
M. Beckmann-Kluge, H. Krause, V. Schröder, A. Acikalin, and J. Steinbach
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
The self heating process of Tetrafluoroethylene caused by an exothermic dimerization reaction was studied. The heat of reaction can lead to a thermal explosion by the decomposition of the Tetrafluoroethylene. Different reaction kinetics, including multistep kinetics, were used to describe the mass balance. The COMSOL Chemical Engineering Module was used to perform the simulation which was ...
Modeling Of A Strongly Coupled Thermal, Hydraulic And Chemical Problem: Drying And Low-Temperature Pyrolysis Of Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA)-Wood Waste Particles In A Moving Bed Reactor
J. Govaerts, and L. Helsen
SCK-CEN, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Performance Assessment Unit, Mol, Belgium
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Division of Applied Mechanics and Energy Conversion, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
Low temperature thermal carbonisation might be the ultimate solution to the growing disposal problem of CopperChromeArsenic-treated waste wood. This energy and material recuperating technology is currently in the process of upscaling to an industrial level. In the present study, a numerical model is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics that allows to investigate the temperature profiles, gas ...
Experimental and Numerical Study of Microbial Improved Oil Recovery in a Pore Scale Model by using COMSOL
M. Shabani Afrapoli, L. Shidong, S. Alipour , and O. Torsaeter
Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics
A number of visualization experiments are carried out at the laboratory temperature with oil, brine and bacteria suspension for evaluating the performance of MIOR in a glass micromodel. The observations show the effects of bacteria on remaining oil saturation. The interfacial tension reduction, wettability alteration and flow pattern changes are recognized as active mechanisms. COMSOL ...
N. Jand, A. Scarpetta, and M. Stefano
Chemical Engineering Department, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
Faculty of Engineering, University of L'Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
The modeling of sublimation form a rotating cylinder of solid naphthalene in a confined vessel has been performed by coupling the model of incompressible Newtonian fluid flow with the model of the dilute solutions. Preliminary a 2D axisymmetric system with swirl flow function for laminar and turbulent regimes has been considered. In the turbulent regime the RANS model with default parameter is ...
In this paper a two dimensional time dependent model is developed and assessed to describe the interrelated processes of conduction, convective heating and ablation of non pyrolytic ablative material. An aerothermochemical analysis for the process of non-pyrolitic composite material regression in advanced solid-propellant rocket motors has been conducted. The analytical approach is similar in ...
C. Anandharamakrishnan, R. Gopirajah, and N. Chhanwal
Central Food Technological Research Institute
Freeze-drying is a popular method of producing shelf stable particulate products and is of particular value for drying thermally sensitive materials (volatiles and biological based), which can be heat damaged by higher temperature methods, such as spray-drying. Porous structures are formed by the creation of ice crystals during the freezing stage, which subsequently sublime during the drying ...